S: The Life of Gandhi
FC: The Life of Gandhi By Antonio Sagar
1: Mahatma Gandhi: Basic Information | Born: October 2, 1869 Place of birth: Porbandar, India Died: January 30, 1948 Place of death: Delhi, Indian Cause of death: Assassination Helped liberate the Indian people from British rule.
2: Gandhi: Family | Mohandas Gandhi was born in Porbandar, India on October 2, 1869. His birth name, chosen by his parents, was Mohandas. Later he became known as Mahatma. Mahatma means "great one". | Karamchand, his father, was the prime minister of three city-states. Putalibai was his mother. | Gandhi had three older siblings. His two brothers were Laxmidas and Karsandas. His sister's name was Raliatbehn.
3: Gandhi: Early Life | Gandhi was a very shy, soft-spoken, and a mediocre student. Although, he was very obedient and devoted Hindu, he did experiment with eating meat, smoking, and even stealing, during his early life | At age 13, Gandhi married Kasturba. In 1888, at age 18, Gandhi left India, and set off for London to study law. He spent his first few months in London trying to fit in with the people by dressing in English clothing, learning French, and taking violin and dance classes. | Gandhi decided that this was all a waste of time and money, so he dropped the habits of trying to fit in, and focused on being a serious student. On June, 10, 1891, Gandhi went back to India to study law. After finishing law school, he was offered a year-long case in South Africa. Gandhi took this opportunity, and set of for South Africa.
4: Inspirational | On May 22, 1894, Gandhi established the Natal Indian C0ngress in South Africa. He included Indians from all classes who agreed with Gandhi's ideas on discrimination. This organization eventually helped Gandhi becoming the leader of the Indian community in South Africa. | He gained further recognition when he arrived at a South African port, with his wife and son. He was assaulted by an angry mob of white people ,who felt that Gandhi was going to return with more Indian people. Gandhi did not order file a law suit against those who assaulted him,. Instead, he showed them compassion, which improved his image in South Africa. | During the Black Act, Gandhi used a method called satygraha, which is a way to protest against and opposing force without any violence. The Black Act stated that all Indians were to get finger-printed and that they were required to keep all registration documents on them at all times. The protest lasted for 7 years, but the Black Act was eventually repealed. | Gandhi headed back to India in the July of 1914. It was in his first year back at India that Gandhi was name Mahatma, which means "Great Soul".
5: Devoted | Gandhi made a vow never to eat meat, which was against his religion. In 1890, Gandhi joined the London Vegetarian Club. He felt this would help him maintain a vegetarian diet. | Gandhi believed that his family life was taking away his potential of being a public advocate. He devoted himself to brahmacharya (a vow of abstinence against sexual interactions with one's wife). This commitment allowed him to focus on the concept of satygraha. | Total, Gandhi spent 7 years in jail. However, he kept fighting for his people, and their freedom. | In 1915, Gandhi traveled throughout India to build a reform. While traveling, he noticed that his his fame was interfering with his concern for the poor. In an attempt to appear more anonymous, Gandhi would wear sandals and a loincloth. When it was cold outside, he would wear a shawl. This became his wardrobe for the rest of his life.
6: Daring | When the Salt Rush began on March 12th, 1930, Gandhi, along with 78 men, headed for the sea. The sea was about 200 miles away. The number of men grew as they walked farther and farther. Finally, they reached Dandi on April 5th. Here, Gandhi ordered his men searched for salt around the beach. Others would evaporate salt water. This act inspired many other Indians to make their own salt. Gandhi and his men were technically breaking the law by doing this. | Gandhi declared a march on the salt factory. When British officials heard of this, they arrested Gandhi, hoping that this would stop the march. However, it did not, and the protest was carried out as planned. About 2,500 Indians came to protest. 25 Indians would march in at a time, and would get beaten by the British police. However, the Indians did not fight back.
7: Other Facts & Quotes | "Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes"-Mahatma Gandhi | "I object to violence because when it appears to do good, the good is only temporary; the evil it does is permanent"- Mahatma Gandhi | Gandhi had a set of fake teeth. He only used them for eating. | Gandhi spoke English with an Irish accent because one of his professors happened to be Irish. | Einstein quoted, "Generations to come will scarcely believe that such as one as this (Gandhi) walked the Earth in flesh and blood."
8: Time of my Life | Born in Porbandar, India | October 2nd, 1869 | October 1st, 1882 | Gandhi marries Kasturba | August 5th, 1888 | Gandhi travels to London to study law | June 10th, 1894 | Gandhi establishes the Natal Indian Congress | July, 1914 | Black Law ends, and Gandhi travels back to India
9: August 15, 1947 January 30, 1938 | Britain grants India independence Ghandi is assassinated | March 30, 1919 | Gandhi organizes a general strike against the British. | The Salt March begins | March 12, 1930 | April, 1931 | Gandhi is arrested, and 2,500 Indians march to Dharasana Saltworks to protest | March, 1944 | Gandhi is arrested for organizing an Independence campaign
10: Bio poem | Mohandas Born in Porbandar, India Child of Karamchand and Putalibai Gandhi Lived in a mansion in India Overcame the shy, casual character he was Worked as a lawyer Challenged by a lack of Indian rights, and a religious war Personal traits include daring and inspirational Always thought of those in need Never used violence to solve a problem Best known for guiding his people through a quest for freedom Gandhi
11: Dear Journal, March 12th, 1930 I have gathered thousands of men and I intend to gather more during this journey. I am hoping to reach Dharasana Saltworks where my companions and I intend to prostest in order to show the British that we want commonwealth. We have designed a plan in order to, perhaps, cause the British to realize that we need independence. Many lives will be lost, but many will also benefit if this plan is taken out correctly. No violence is needed in order for this to work, just courage and devotion to our country.
12: Dear Gandhi, I am a really big fan of yours, and I am surprised that others don't admire you. I admire you because you are a man with qualities such as leadership, courage, and devotion. Devoted because you were sent to jail about seven times, yet you still fought for your country. You were very focused on leading your people to freedom without picking up a stick or firing a bullet. Your courage was on display when you had eggs and tomatoes thrown at, when you traveled across India on foot with a thousand of your companions, and when people even attempted to assassinate you five times. Yet, you didn't show fear. Most of all, you demonstrate leadership, by leading people in the Salt March and organizing and participating in many other non-violent rallies against the British and other opposing forces. The leadership, strength and focus you displayed helped free India. If it were not for you India would probably still be under the control of Britain. These are all reasons why you are my hero. I hope that I can be like you in many ways. Antonio Sagar
13: Bibliography | http://www.quotationspage.com/quotes/Mahatma_Gandhi/ http://history1900s.about.com/od/people/a/gandhi.htm http://www.theindianblogger.com/interesting/mahatma-gandhi-little-known-facts-most-of-us-don’t-know-about-him/
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