S: Fairytale Project
FC: Beauty and the Beast Fairytale Project | Irene Koo, Teresa Auditore, Mary-Kaitlyn Brown
1: Once upon a time...
2: There once was a girl named Beauty. She was the youngest of six sisters and six brothers. They were raised in a very lavish and rich home by their father who was a prominent businessman. However, misfortune soon befell them and they ended up losing their large house and all of their riches in a fire. In a short amount of time, Beauty and her family had lost everything. They had to all go out into the woods and settle down in a small cottage which was very different from their lavish lifestyle.
3: One day, Beauty's father received word that one of his ships which had been presumed gone, had actually arrived safely in its port. He packed his clothes and set out on a six month journey to get back his treasures. Before he left, he asked all of his children what they would like him to bring back for them. They all replied with wishes of gold, or fine fabrics, or any other expensive gift you can think of. But Beauty simply asked for a rose,
4: Their father left, but when he arrived, he found that the crew had presumed him dead, and had already taken the winnings for themselves. He headed back home to the cottage, with less money than he had to begin with. He stumbled through the snow-covered woods and soon grew weary. He finally found his way to a hidden castle among the trees and made his way inside to see if anyone would offer him something to eat or a place to stay.
5: He fell asleep in one of the rooms and woke to a table pulled near him filled with food. He ate, and then fell asleep once more. When he woke up a second time he saw the table filled again with cakes and fruits although there was no sign of life around him. He decided to bring his family back to this palace so they could share in all the delights with him. Before he left, he saw a beautiful rose bush outside and picked one of the roses to take back to Beauty. Then, the Beast appeared behind him, angry that he had clipped his roses. The father told the Beast the story of his misfortune and how he just wanted to deliver one, simple, rose, to his daughter.
6: The Beast was prepared to kill him but then offered a trade for the father's life. He wanted the father to see if one of his daughters would come and live with the Beast willingly, in return for the father to be allowed to live. The father did not think that any of his daughters would willingly come stay with the Beast, but he agreed to the terms and planned to set out for home the next day.
7: When he arrived home, he told his children about the Beast, and Beauty willingly volunteered herself to go and live with the Beast in order to save her father. They made it to the palace and the Beast made it clear that she would never see her father again. After loading up all the treasure the Beast offered, her father left leaving Beauty alone with the Beast.
8: Beauty began to have many dreams, about a handsome prince who encouraged her to not be fooled by her eyes, but to judge with her heart. The next day, Beast asked Beauty if she would marry him but she refused. That night, she had another dream with the same prince asking her why she is so cruel to him. Every night thereafter, the Beast asked her to marry him and she always answered no.
9: One day, Belle asked if he would allow her to go home for two months. He sorrowfully agreed but made her promise to come back in two months. Beauty returned after the two months, to find the Beast almost dead for fear that she had forgotten him. He then asked her if she would marry him, and she finally said yes. Then, he turned into the handsome prince that she had seen in her dreams. They were married and lived happily ever after.
10: Historical Information | Beauty and the Beast is a literary tale based on folk tale elements. The earliest origin of this tale can be traced back to the second century. Roman writer Apuleius's story of Cupid and Psyche is considered to be one of the first literary fairy tales. A serpent, who is really Cupid, marries Psyche. Cupid is under a spell and can only be a man at night. Psyche can't look at his face, and when she does she loses him forever. Although it doesn't bear many similarities to the Beauty and the Beast fairy tale, it was the first story to use the idea of of loving a “beast.”
11: The Norwegian version by Hans Christian Anderson is called “East of the Sun and West of the Moon.” The beast is a white bear who changes into a man every night so that he can be with Beauty (very similar to the Cupid and Psyche myth).
12: The first notable version of “Beauty and the Beast” was written in 1740 by Madame Gabrielle de Villeneuve as a novella to entertain her court and salon friends. This version of the fairy tale contained many detailed plot developments that are not included in the modernized tale today, including a feud between fairies, the reason for the curse, dream sequences, and genealogy of the characters. It does not end with the transformation of the beast into the prince. | n 1756 Madame Le Prince de Beaumont wrote another version of the story intended for children. She shortened Villeneuve's by omitting all the extraneous content and dream sequences. It focuses more on Beauty's virtue and offers the message that honest, altruistic women are most likely to find happiness.
13: IFollowing these two versions, Beauty and the Beast grew in popularity and appeared in poetry, plays, novellas, short stories, novels, and films. It is the most popular fairy tale next to Cinderella.
14: Impact on Society Today | Idea of Beauty in Media: For generations, television and the media have been the most prominent source of information for millions of people. Pop culture often portrays “beautiful” people, whether in magazine spreads, TV shows or movies. Beauty is a very conflicting topic in today's society because while many people strive for outer beauty, there are just as many who are striving for inner beauty and self-confidence. Instead of planning their next plastic surgery operation, more and more people are taking a look at what is really important in life.
15: Disney: Through the Disney version of Beauty and the Beast,children all across the world have been exposed to the ideas of “true inner beauty” and inner kindness that are so important for everyone to know. This movie provides good values to instill in young children so they can grow up knowing that love is not dependent on external beauty. a positive message for the Disney Princess franchise. It allows them to focus on more worldly ideals and expand their horizons to something much bigger than if they had been so preoccupied with external beauty. It was also recently re-released in theaters in 3D.
16: Beauty and the Beast (Play/Musical): “Beauty and the Beast” has been on tour throughout the world. It is a very popular musical that has been selling out in hundreds of cities and stadiums, all from people who are dying to hear the story all over again. It is performed by all from schools, youth theater groups, professional theater companies, and Broadway. For many in the audience, the play has become a good way for them to be reminded of the importance of inner beauty and the balance of external beauty with the rest of life.
17: Celine Dion, "Beauty and the Beast": Celine Dion performed a song for Beauty and the Beast in the movie soundtrack which has helped to captivate the audience, both young and old. The lyrics are very powerful especially the well-known lines, “Tale as old as time, Tune as old as song, Bittersweet and strange, Finding you can change, learning you were wrong.” Having this song in our society can only encourage people to see the inner beauty in every individual and to realize that sometimes your first impressions can be unfairly harsh.
18: Television and Movies: Recent movies and television shows clearly reference the Beauty and the Beast fairy tale. In pop culture, these examples include the movie Beastly, a modernized story bearing many similarities to the original tale, and an upcoming show called Once Upon a Time.
19: In Other Cultures: Beauty and the Beast is a tale that is well-loved and well-recognized throughout the world. There are many adaptations and similar stories in other countries and cultures. The themes and motifs of Beauty and the Beast are also manifested throughout other cultures and continue to have an influence in media, literature, and fashion today.
20: Archetypes | The Friendly Beast and The Evil Figure with the Ultimately Good Heart: The Beast fulfills these archetypes because he is an inherently good-hearted character that has a close relationship with the protagonist (Beauty). Although he is initially fearsome and harsh, the reader discovers by the end of the tale that he was cursed many years before, and was desperate and bitter because of his misfortune. He is in fact capable of love and kindness, and his character shows a transformation (both personal and physical) throughout the course of the story.
21: The Outcast: The Beast is also an example of the Outcast character archetype. After being transformed into a hideous beast, the Prince locks himself away in a secluded castle deep in the woods far from civilization because he causes revulsion and fear in others. Beauty is the only person able to see past his outward appearance and come to love him by the end of the story. | The Hero: Beauty is the hero in this fairy tale because she represents virtue and innate wisdom. She is portrayed as very unselfish, pure, and kind. She is the protagonist of the story and embarks on the "journey" typical of the hero by leaving home and being held captive by the Beast before she falls in love and discovers that he is the Prince of her dreams..
22: The Fall: This situational archetype describes a fall from higher to lower state of being. In Beauty and the Beast, this is seen by the Beast's curse which changes him from a handsome prince to a frightening beast (defilement, physical/moral imperfection). This is also accompanied by expulsion from the community which is shown by the Beast living deep in the woods all alone, separate from society. | The Task: There is another situational archetype in Beauty and the Beast because there is a task for the protagonist (Beauty) to fulfill. Beauty and the Beast is unique in that the task is never explicitly articulated in the story until after it is completed. For Beauty to break the curse, she must fall in love with the Beast; completing this would bring about the ultimate goal of happily ever after and true love for both Beauty and the Beast. However, neither she nor the reader discover this fact until the end of the story when the Beast turns into the Prince.
23: Themes | The major theme of Beauty and the Beast and its many variations is that physical beauty is not the most important thing. The fairy tale shows the message that we shouldn't judge others by their exterior; character is what matters most. Beauty was a kind, good-hearted protagonist who eventually fell in love with the Beast because of who he was inside. Love is not built upon physical appearances. Another theme is that things are not always as they seem. Everyone thought that the Beast was a monster, but the ending revealed that he was actually a prince. It reiterates the idea that first impressions cannot be used to make absolute judgments of others.
24: Motif | One recurring symbol, or motif, in Beauty and the Beast is the rose. In the beginning of the story, Beauty asks for a red rose. Beauty's father is captured by the Beast when he takes a rose from his rose bush. In the conclusion, the Beast lies dying by the same rose bush when he thinks Beauty has left him forever. The rose is a red flower (nature symbol) which symbolizes true love and the Beast's soul (sin).
25: Citations | Bates, Katharine Lee, editor. Once Upon a Time: A Book of Old-Time Fairy Tales. Margaret Evans Price, illustrator. Chicago: Rand McNally & Company, 1921 Jacobs, Joseph, ed. European Folk and Fairy Tales. John Batten, illustrator. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1916.. Golding, Harry, editor. Fairy Tales. Margaret Tarrant, illustrator. London: Ward, Lock & Co., 1915. Heiner, Heidi Anne. "SurLaLune Fairy Tales: History of Beauty and the Beast." SurLaLune Fairy Tales. N.p., 25 June 2007. Web. 24 Feb. 2012.