FC: The French Revolution
1: French Revolution Nobody in specific was to blame for this in the time period (1789-1799) It was a time when republicans overthrew the monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church. it was also a time of great terror in French history. During the French Revolution the previous absolute monarchy and the entire three estate system was overthrown, because the people in the third estate where tired of being treated this way and wanted changes right away.
2: -On June 20th,1789- Tennis Court Oath The Oath was a pledge signed by the members from the Third Estate. Who were also locked out of the Estates General. The deputies of the Third Estate were coming together for a meeting to discuss the reforms. These reforms called for the meeting of all the Estates together, and to hold a vote by head instead of by estate. France in the face of King Louis XVI's desire to hold onto the country's history of absolute government. Later, Louis XVI called for a meeting of the Estates General for the purpose of writing a constitution.
4: -July 14,1790- Constitution accepted by King Louis XVI The representatives of the French people, organized in National Assembly, considering that ignorance. King Louis XVI was forced to accept the new constitution because when he tried to flee the country and he was recognized where he flee to and he was arrested and imprisoned. The constitution tried to establish a workable government but it was doomed to failure. The National Assembly, wishing to establish the French Constitution upon the principles that it has just recognized and declared, Abolishes irrevocably the institutions that have injured liberty and the equality of rights. There is no longer nobility, no peerage, no hereditary distinctions, no distinction of orders, no patrimonial jurisdictions, not any titles, There is no longer either sale or inheritance of any public office.
6: -June to 1815- The Congress of Vienna The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, The point of the Congress was to settle the many issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. .This resulted in the redrawing of the continent's political map, establishing the boundaries of France, The immediate background was Napoleonic France's defeat and surrender in May 1814, which brought an end to twenty-five years of nearly continuous war. Then continued the outbreak of fighting triggered by Napoleon's dramatic return from exile and resumption of power in France during the Hundred Days of March–July, 1815.
8: -Born on November 2, 1755 – 16 October 1793- Marie Antoinette She was the fifteenth and penultimate child of Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and Empress Maria Theresa. Initially charmed by her personality and beauty, the French people generally came to dislike her, accusing of being profligate, promiscuous,[and of harboring sympathies for France's enemies, particularly Austria, her country of origin. Eight months after her husband's execution, Marie Antoinette was herself tried, convicted by the Convention for treason to the principles of the revolution, and executed by guillotine on 16 October 1793,. Even after her death, Marie Antoinette is often considered to be a part of popular culture and a major historical figure,
10: -1792 April 20th- French declare war against Austria By 1792, European Monarchs were looking at France with suspicion. They had seen the overthrow of Louis XVI, by the French people, and worried that revolutionary fervor would spread to their countries. However, the monarchs were too suspecting of each other to unite against France. Reactionaries and the monarchy wanted war because they thought that the new government would be easily defeated by foreign powers. This would pave the way for a return to the old regime, with Louis at the head of government. Revolutionaries wanted war because they thought war would unify the country, and had a genuine desire to spread the ideas of the Revolution to all of Europe. On April 20, 1792, the Legislative Assembly (France's governing body, formed in 1791) declared war on Austria. Although the French fared poorly at first, the armies became more successful as the war progressed. This painting commemorates The Battle of Valmy, which was a turning point for French forces. It took place in September of 1792, and was one of the Republic's first victories
12: -March 5 1796- War against the Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire was Europe’s greatest state, but by 1600 the Holy Roman Empire was just a shadow of its former glory. The heart of the Holy Roman Empire had become split into a mass of princes and states who since the time of Luther had done what they could to extend their independence and power at the expense of the emperor. The real power within Germany lay with 30 secular and 50 ecclesiastical princes.
14: -August 24, 1799- Timeline of Napoleon's Empire 20 February: Napoleon invades Syria towards the end of his Egyptian Campaign 18 June: Purge of Directory; Napoleon's ally, Paul Barras, consolidates his power. July: The Rosetta Stone is discovered by Napoleon's troops. 24 August: Receiving news of turmoil in France, Napoleon leaves Egypt and sets sail for France. 16 October: Napoleon arrives in Paris. 9-10 November: Coup de Brumaire. Napoleon and Sieyes overthrow the Directory, and form the three-person consulate. Sieyes and Ducos are appointed as the other two consuls. 12 December: Constitution of Year VIII. Napoleon is appointed First Consu