FC: IMMIGRATION & THE URBAN WORLD
1: Early settlers came to America for political and religious reasons. Immigrants migrated for economic reasons.The industrial revolution changed the economic and social realities for families. The potato famine that ravaged Ireland also comtribute.Finally they believed America was paved with gold compared to their poverty. 70% of Europeans immigrated in the late 1800's
2: The greatest wave of immigrants was between 1840 & the 1920's. During which 37 million immigrants arrived. The influx of so many immigrants caused what was called the "Melting Pot".This blended meaning traditions and bloodlines as they began to intermarry creating a new society.This caused Americans to limit the number of immigrants. In 1790 congress passed a two year residency act before acquiring U.S. citizennship. In 1795 it became 5 years. Then in 1795 theAlien and Sedition acts were passed.The naturalization act increased waiting to 14 years. The Alien act ould have them expelled if they were a threa to Americans.
3: Initially immigrants migrated to New York City. Some made their homes there, whilothers moved on toplaces like,Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore and New Orleans. New immigrants worked in the menial, labor intensive, low paying jobs that Americansrefused to do! This continued until they assimilated American society. They stuck to themselves maintaining their culural traditions and religions! The African Americans came as forced laborers to southern plantation owners considered slavery!
4: The Chinese migrated through San Fransisco during the1850's. Many settled there, while others found heavy industry work in areas which included Buffalo, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Detroit, Chicago and Minneapolis. The Chinese worked mostly in railroads, light manufacturing, retail business and construction. | In1882 congress created the Chinese immigration act through economic hardship. The Chinese and Irish battled over the few available jobs!
5: The Jewish settled in New York, Chicago or Boston. They also started at lower paying labor intensive jobs! The Slovic groups( Polish & Slovak Americanstravelled to and worked in heavy manufacturing towns. Women immigrants worked in laundry,retail and light manufacturing. Some worked as domestic servants. It took several generations to move up the socioeconomic to receive the wages americans did. This helped them to live more comfortably!
6: When immigrants first came to america it was hard for them to get jobs, they werent allowed to go to certain places and were treated like outcasts. Today, they have just as many rights as all other americans and they can get jobs easier now rather than back then.