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Africa Volume Three

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Africa Volume Three - Page Text Content

S: Africa Volume Three

3: President: Ali Bongo Ondimba (2009) Premier: Paul Biyoghé Mba (2009) Land area: 99,486 sq mi (257,669 sq km); total area: 103,346 sq mi (267,667 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 1,514,993 (growth rate: 1.9%); birth rate: 35.5/1000; infant mortality rate: 51.7/1000; life expectancy: 53.1; density per sq km: 5 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Libreville, 661,600 Other large cities: Port-Gentil, 116,200; Franceville, 41,300 Monetary unit: CFA Franc

4: More Facts & Figures National name: République Gabonaise Current government officials Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi Ethnicity/race: Bantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings: Fang, Punu, Nzeiby, Mbede (Obamba/Bateke); other Africans and Europeans 10.8%, including 0.8% French and 0.8% persons of dual nationality Religions: Christian 55%–75%, animist, Islam less than 1% National Holiday: Independence Day, August 17 Literacy rate: 63% (1995 EST.)

5: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $20.18 billion; per capita $14,100. Real growth rate: 5.6%. Inflation: 5%. Unemployment: 21% (2006 EST.). Arable land: 1%. Agriculture: cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber; cattle; okoume tropical softwood); fish. Labor force: 582,000 (2007); agriculture 60%, industry 15%, services 25%. Industries: petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles, lumbering and plywood, cement. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower. Exports: $6.856 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): crude oil 77%, timber, manganese, uranium (2001). Imports: $1.951 billion f.o.b. (2007 EST.): machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, construction materials. Major trading partners: U.S., China, France, Trinidad and Tobago, Thailand, Netherlands, Cameroon (2006).

6: Member of French Community Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 36,500 (2006); mobile cellular: 764,700 (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 6, FM 7 (and 11 repeaters), shortwave 3 (2001). Television broadcast stations: 3 (plus six repeaters) (2001). Internet hosts: 288 (2007). Internet users: 81,000 (2006). Transportation: Railways: total: 814 km (2006). Highways: total: 9,170 km; paved: 838 km; unpaved: 7,626 km (2004 EST.). Waterways: 1,600 km (310 km on Ogooue River) (2007). Ports and harbors: Gambia, Libreville, Lucinda, Owendo, Port-Gentil. Airports: 53 (2007). International disputes: UN presses Equatorial Guinea and Gabon to resolve the sovereignty dispute over Gabon-occupied Mbane Island and to establish a maritime boundary in hydrocarbon-rich Corisco Bay; only a few hundred out of the 20,000 Republic of the Congo refugees who fled militia fighting in 2000 remain in Gabon.

7: The Coastal Region of Gabon

8: Gabon-Topographic Map Of Gabon

11: President: Yahya Jammeh (1994) Land area: 3,861 sq mi (10,000 sq km); total area: 4,363 sq mi (11,300 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 1,782,893 (growth rate: 2.6%); birth rate: 37.8/1000; infant mortality rate: 67.3/1000; life expectancy: 55.3; density per sq km: 173 Capital (2003 EST.): Banjul, 46,700 Largest city: Serekunda, 344,100 Monetary unit: Dalasi

12: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $2.106 billion; per capita $1,300. Real growth rate: 7%. Inflation: 5%. Unemployment: N.A. Arable land: 28%. Agriculture: rice, millet, sorghum, peanuts, corn, sesame, cassava (tapioca), palm kernels; cattle, sheep, goats. Labor force: 400,000 (1996); agriculture 75%, industry, commerce, and services 19%, government 6%. Industries: processing peanuts, fish, and hides; tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing. Natural resources: fish, titanium (retile and limonite), tin, zircon, silica sand, clay, petroleum. Exports: $147.7 million f.o.b. (2007 est.): peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels, re-exports. Imports: $276 million f.o.b. (2007 est.): foodstuffs, manufactures, fuel, machinery and transport equipment. Major trading partners: India, UK, France, Italy, Cote d'Ivoire, China, Senegal, Brazil, Netherlands. (2006). Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 52,900 (2006); mobile cellular: 404,300 (2003). Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2001). Television broadcast stations: 1 (government-owned) (1997). Internet hosts: 6 (2007). Internet users: 58,000 (2005).

13: Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 3,742 km; paved: 723 km; unpaved: 3,019 km (2004). Waterways: 390 km (on River Gambia; small ocean-going vessels can reach 190 km) (2004). Ports and harbors: Banjul. Airports: 1 (2007). International disputes: attempts to stem refugees, cross-border raids, arms smuggling, and other illegal activities by separatists from southern Senegal's Casamance region as well as from conflicts in other West African states.

16: G A M B I A P I C S

17: G A M B I A M A P S

20: President: John Atta Mills (2009) Land area: 88,811 sq mi (230,020 sq km); total area: 92,456 sq mi (239,460 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 23,832,495 (growth rate: 1.8%); birth rate: 28.5/1000; infant mortality rate: 51.0/1000; life expectancy: 59.8; density per sq km: 101 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Accra, 2,825,800 (metro. area), 1,661,400 (city proper) Other large cities: Kumasi, 645,100; Tamale, 279,600 Monetary unit: Cedi

21: More Facts & Figures Current government officials Languages: English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga) Ethnicity/race: black African 98.5% (major tribes: Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%, Gurma 3%, Yoruba 1%), European and other 1.5% (1998) Religions: Christian 63%, indigenous beliefs 21%, Islam 16% National Holiday: Independence Day, March 6 Literacy rate: 75% (2003 EST.)

22: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $31.33 billion; per capita $1,400. Real growth rate: 6.4%. Inflation: 9.6%. Unemployment: 11% (2000 EST.). Arable land: 18%. Agriculture: cocoa, rice, coffee, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber. Labor force: 11.29 million (2007 EST.); agriculture 60%, industry 15%, services 25% (1999 EST.). Industries: mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building. Natural resources: gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone. Exports: $4.194 billion f.o.b. (2007 EST.): gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds. Imports: $8.073 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: Netherlands, UK, France, U.S., Belgium, Spain, South Africa, Nigeria, China (2006).

23: Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 356,400 (2006); mobile cellular: 5.207 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 49, shortwave 3 (2007). Television broadcast stations: 7 (2007). Internet hosts: 2,899 (2007). Internet users: 609,800 (2006). Transportation: Railways: total: 953 km (2006). Highways: total: 42,623 km; paved: 3,267 km; unpaved: 39,356 km (2004). Waterways: 1,293 km; note: 168 km for launches and lighters on Volta, Ankobra, and Tano rivers; 1,125 km of arterial and feeder waterways on Lake Volta (2003). Ports and harbors: Takoradi, Tema. Airports: 12 (2007). International disputes: Ghana struggles to accommodate returning nationals who worked in the cocoa plantations and escaped rebel fighting in Cte d'Ivoire.

24: People in Ghana, Africa

30: President: Sekouba Konate (interim; 2009) Prime Minister: Jean-Marie Doré (2009) Total area: 94,927 sq mi (245,861 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 10,057,975 (growth rate: 2.5%); birth rate: 37.5/1000; infant mortality rate: 65.2/1000; life expectancy: 57.0; density per sq km: 41 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Conakry, 1,767,200 Monetary unit: Guinean franc

31: More Facts & Figures National name: République de Guinée Current government officials Languages: French (official), native tongues (Malinké, Susu, Fulani) Ethnicity/race: Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Susu 20%, smaller tribes 10% Religions: Islam 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous 7% National Holiday: Independence Day, October 2 Literacy rate: 29.5% (2003 EST.)

32: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $10.69 billion; per capita $1,100. Real growth rate: 1.5%. Inflation: 22.9%. Unemployment: N.A. Arable land: 4%. Agriculture: rice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (tapioca), bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats; timber. Labor force: 3.7 million (2006); agriculture 76%, industry and services 24% (2006 EST.). Industries: bauxite, gold, diamonds; alumina refining; light manufacturing and agricultural processing industries. Natural resources: bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish. Exports: $998 million f.o.b. (2007 est.): bauxite, alumina, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, and agricultural products. Imports: $838 million f.o.b. (2007 EST.): petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain and other foodstuffs. Major trading partners: Russia, Spain, France, Belgium, South Korea, US, Germany, Ireland, UK, Switzerland, Ukraine, China, Netherlands (2006).

33: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 26,300 (2005); mobile cellular: 189,000 (2005). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 5, shortwave 3 (2006). Television broadcast stations: 6 low-power stations (2001). Internet hosts: 173 (2007). Internet users: 50,000 (2006). Transportation: Railways: total: 837 km (2006). Highways: total: 44,348 km; paved: 4,342 km; unpaved: 40,006 km (2003). Waterways: 1,300 km (navigable by shallow-draft native craft) (2005). Ports and harbors: Kamsar. Airports: 16 (2007).

34: International disputes: conflicts among rebel groups, warlords, and youth gangs in neighboring states has spilled over into Guinea, resulting in domestic instability; Sierra Leone pressures Guinea to remove its forces from the town of Yenga occupied since 1998.

37: President: Malam Bacai Sanhá (2009) Prime Minister: Carlos Gomes Júnior (2008) Land area: 10,811 sq mi (28,000 sq km); total area: 13,946 sq mi (36,120 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 1,533,964 (growth rate: 2.0%); birth rate: 35.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 99.8/1000; life expectancy: 47.9; density per sq km: 53 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Bissau, 296,900 Monetary unit: CFA Franc

38: More Facts & Figures National name: Républica da Guiné-Bissau Current government officials Languages: Portuguese (official), Criolo, African languages Ethnicity/race: African 99% (Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1% Religions: indigenous beliefs 50%, Islam 45%, Christian 5% National Holiday: Independence Day, September 24 Literacy rate: 42.4% (2003 EST.)

39: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $808 million; per capita $500. Real growth rate: 2.5%. Inflation: 3.8%. Unemployment: N.A. Arable land: 8%. Agriculture: rice, corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, cotton; timber; fish. Labor force: 480,000 (1999); agriculture 82%, industry and services 18% (2000 EST.). Industries: agricultural products processing, beer, soft drinks. Natural resources: fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone, unexploited deposits of petroleum. Exports: $133 million f.o.b. (2006): cashew nuts, shrimp, peanuts, palm kernels, sawn lumber. Imports: $200 million f.o.b. (2006): foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products. Major trading partners: Pakistan, Nigeria, Italy, Senegal, Portugal (2006).

40: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 10,200 (2005); mobile cellular: 95,000 (2005). Radio broadcast stations: AM 1 (transmitter out of service), FM 4, shortwave 0 (2002). Television broadcast stations: N.A. (2005). Internet hosts: 0 (2007). Internet users: 37,000 (2006).

41: Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 3,455 km; paved: 965 km; unpaved: 2,490 km (2002). Waterways: rivers are navigable for some distance; many inlets and creeks give shallow-water access to much of interior (2007). Ports and harbors: Bissau, Buba, Cacheu, Farim. Airports: 27 (2007). International disputes: attempts to stem refugees and cross-border raids, arms smuggling, and political instability from a separatist movement in Senegal's Casamance region.

48: President: Mwai Kibaki (2002) Land area: 219,788 sq mi (569,251 sq km); total area: 224,961 sq mi (582,650 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 39,002,772 (growth rate: 2.7%); birth rate: 36.6/1000; infant mortality rate: 54.7/1000; life expectancy: 57.8; density per sq km: 66 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Nairobi, 3,064,800 (metro. area), 2,411,900 (city proper) Other large city: Mombasa, 712,600 Monetary unit: Kenya shilling

49: More Facts & Figures National name: Jamhuri ya Kenya Current government officials Languages: English (official), Swahili (national), and numerous indigenous languages Ethnicity/race: Kikuyu 22%; Luhya 14%; Luo 13%; Kalenjin 12%; Kamba 11%; Kisii 6%; Meru 6%; other African 15%; Asian, European, and Arab 1% Religions: Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, indigenous beliefs 10%, Islam 10%, others 2% (note: estimates vary widely) National Holiday: Independence Day, December 12 Literacy rate: 85% (2003 EST.)

50: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $58.88 billion; per capita $1,700. Real growth rate: 7%. Inflation: 9.8%. Unemployment: 40% (2001 EST.). Arable land: 8%. Agriculture: tea, coffee, corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruit, vegetables; dairy products, beef, pork, poultry, eggs. Labor force: 11.85 million; agriculture 75%, industry and services 25% (2003 EST.). Industries: small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products, oil refining; aluminum, steel, lead; cement, commercial ship repair, tourism. Natural resources: limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower. Exports: $3.76 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, and cement. Imports: $7.602 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): machinery and transportation equipment, petroleum products, motor vehicles, iron and steel, resins and plastics. Major trading partners: Uganda, UK, U.S., Netherlands, Egypt, Tanzania, Pakistan, UAE, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, India, China, Japan (2004). Member of Commonwealth of Nations

51: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 293,400 (2006); mobile cellular: 6.485 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 24, FM 18, shortwave 6 (2001). Radios: 3.07 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 8 (2002). Televisions: 730,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2,120 (2007). Internet users: 2.77 million (2006). Transportation: Railways: total: 2,778 km (2006). Highways: total: 63,265 km; paved: 8,933 km; unpaved: 54,332 km (2004). Waterways: part of the Lake Victoria system is within the boundaries of Kenya. Ports and harbors: Kisumu, Lamu, Mombasa. Airports: 225 (2007). International disputes: Kenya's administrative boundary still extends into the Sudan, creating the “Ilemi triangle.

53: Maasai, Kenya

56: Sovereign: King Letsie III (1996) Prime Minister: Pakalitha Mosisili (1998) Total area: 11,718 sq mi (30,350 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 2,130,819 (growth rate: 0.1%); birth rate: 24.1/1000; infant mortality rate: 77.4/1000; life expectancy: 40.3; density per sq km: 70 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Maseru 173,700 Monetary unit: Maluti

58: More Facts & Figures Current government officials Languages: English, Sesotho (both official); Zulu, Xhosa Ethnicity/race: Sotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3% Religions: Christian 80%, indigenous beliefs 20% National Holiday: Independence Day, October 4 Literacy rate: 85% (2003 EST.)

59: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $3.092 billion; per capita $1,300. Real growth rate: 4.9%. Inflation: 8%. Unemployment: 45% (2002). Arable land: 11%. Agriculture: corn, wheat, pulses, sorghum, barley; livestock. Labor force: 838,000 (2000); 86% of resident population engaged in subsistence agriculture; roughly 35% of the active male wage earners work in South Africa; industry and services 14%. Industries: food, beverages, textiles, apparel assembly, handicrafts, construction, tourism. Natural resources: water, agricultural and grazing land, diamonds, sand, clay, building stone. Exports: $602.8 million f.o.b. (2005 est.): manufactures 75% (clothing, footwear, and road vehicles), wool and mohair, food and live animals (2000). Imports: $1.166 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): food; building materials, vehicles, machinery, medicines, petroleum products (2000). Major trading partners: U.S., Canada, UK, Hong Kong, China, India, South Korea, Germany (2004).

61: Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 22,200 (2000); mobile cellular: 21,600 (2000). Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 1 (1998). Radios: N.A. (2002). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2000). Televisions: N.A. Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000). Internet users: 5,000 (2002). Transportation: Railways: total: 2.6 km; note: owned by, operated by, and included in the statistics of South Africa (1995). Highways: total: 5,940 km; paved: 1,087 km; unpaved: 4,853 km (1999). Ports and harbors: none. Airports: 28 (2002).

64: Chief of State: Col. Muammar al-Qaddafi (1969) Prime Minister: Mubarak Abdullah al-Shamikh (2000) Total area: 679,358 sq mi (1,759,540 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 6,310,434 (growth rate: 2.1%); birth rate: 25.1/1000; infant mortality rate: 21.0/1000; life expectancy: 77.2; density per sq km: 3 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Tripoli, 2,357,800 (metro. area), 1,269,700 (city proper) Other large city: Benghazi, 734,900 Monetary unit: Libyan dinar

65: More Facts & Figures National name: Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma Current government officials Languages: Arabic, Italian, and English widely understood in major cities Ethnicity/race: Berber and Arab 97%, Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, Tunisians Religion: Islam (Sunni) 97% National Holiday: Revolution Day, September 1 Literacy rate: 83% (2003 EST.)

66: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $74.75 billion; per capita $ $12,300. Real growth rate: 6.8%. Inflation: 6.7%. Unemployment: 30% (2004 EST.). Arable land: 1%. Agriculture: wheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus, vegetables, peanuts, soybeans; cattle. Labor force: 1.64 million; agriculture 17%, industry 23%, services 60% (2004 EST.). Industries: petroleum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, gypsum. Exports: $30.79 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): crude oil, refined petroleum products, natural gas. Imports: $10.82 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): machinery, transport equipment, semi-finished goods, food, consumer products. Major trading partners: Italy, Germany, Spain, Turkey, France, South Korea, UK, Tunisia (2004).

67: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 500,000 (1998); mobile cellular: 20,000 (1998). Radio broadcast stations: AM 16, FM 3, shortwave 3 (2002). Radios: 1.35 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 12 (plus one low-power repeater) (1999). Televisions: 730,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2002). Internet users: 20,000 (2001). Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 83,200 km; paved :47,590 km; unpaved: 35,610 km (1999 est.). Waterways: none. Ports and harbors: Al Khums, Banghazi, Darnah, Marsa al Burayqah, Misratah, Ra's Lanuf, Tobruk, Tripoli, Zuwarah. Airports: 136 (2002).

68: International disputes: Libya has claimed more than 32,000 sq km in southeastern Algeria and about 25,000 sq km in Niger in currently dormant disputes; various Chadian rebels from the Aozou region reside in southern Libya.

71: President: Andry Rajoelina (took over leadership in 2009; legitimacy is in question) Prime Minister: Eugne Mangalaza (2009) Land area: 224,533 sq mi (581,540 sq km); total area: 226,656 sq mi (587,040 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 20,653,556 (growth rate: 3.0%); birth rate: 38.1/1000; infant mortality rate: 54.2/1000; life expectancy: 62.9; density per sq km: 34 Capital and largest city (2003 EST.): Antananarivo, 1,390,800 Monetary unit: Malagasy franc

73: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $18.12 billion; per capita $1,100. Real growth rate: 6.3%. Inflation: 10.3%. Unemployment: 5.9% (1998). Arable land: 5%. Agriculture: coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), beans, bananas, peanuts; livestock products. Labor force: 7.3 million (2000). Industries: meat processing, soap, breweries, tanneries, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism. Natural resources: graphite, chromites, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower. Exports: $951 million f.o.b. (2005 est.): coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, chromites, and petroleum products. Imports: $1.4 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): capital goods, petroleum, consumer goods, food. Major trading partners: U.S., France, Germany, China, Hong Kong, Iran, Mauritius, South Africa (2004).

74: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 55,000 (2000); mobile cellular: 63,100 (2000). Radio broadcast stations: AM 2 (plus a number of repeater stations), FM 9, shortwave 6 (2001). Radios: 3.05 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 1 (plus 36 repeaters) (2001). Televisions: 325,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000). Internet users: 35,000 (2002).

75: Transportation: Railways: total: 732 km (2002). Highways: total: 49,827 km; paved: 5,780 km; unpaved: 44,047 km (1999 EST.). Waterways: of local importance only. Ports and harbors: Antsiranana, Antsohimbondrona, Mahayana, Thomasine, Toliara. Airports: 121 (2002).

76: International disputes: claims Bassas da India, Europe Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island (all administered by France).

79: Location on Malawi | President: Bingu WA Mutharika (2004) Land area: 36,324 sq mi (94,079 sq km); total area: 45,745 sq mi (118,480 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 14,268,711 (growth rate: 2.3%); birth rate: 41.4/1000; infant mortality rate: 89.0/1000; life expectancy: 43.8; density per sq km: 148 Capital (2003 est.): Lilongwe, 499,200 Largest city: Blantyre, 547,500 Monetary unit: Kwacha

80: More Facts & Figures Current government officials Languages: Chichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998) Ethnicity/race: Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuko, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European Religions: Christian 80%, Islam 13%, none 4% (1998) National Holiday: Independence Day (Republic Day), July 6 Literacy rate: 63% (2003 EST.)

81: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $10.51 billion; per capita $800. Real growth rate: 7.4%. Inflation: 8.1%. Unemployment: N.A. Arable land: 20%. Agriculture: tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca), sorghum, pulses, groundnuts, Macadamia nuts; cattle, goats. Labor force: 4.5 million (2001 est.); agriculture 90%, industry and services 10% (2003 EST.). Industries: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods. Natural resources: limestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite. Exports: $364 million f.o.b. (2005 est.): tobacco 60%, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, apparel. Imports: $645 million f.o.b. (2005 est.): food, petroleum products, semi manufactures, consumer goods, transportation equipment. Major trading partners: South Africa, U.S., Germany, Egypt, UK, Mozambique, India, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania (2004).

82: Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 45,000 (2000); mobile cellular: 49,000 (2000). Radio broadcast stations: AM 9, FM 5 (plus 15 repeater stations), shortwave 2 (plus a third station held in standby status) (2001). Radios: 2.6 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2001). Televisions: N.A. Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3 (2002). Internet users: 35,000 (2002).

83: Transportation: Railways: total: 797 km (2002). Highways: total: 28,400 km; paved: 5,254 km; unpaved: 23,146 km (1999 EST.). Waterways: 144 km; Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) and Shire Riverall. Ports and harbors: Chipoka, Monkey Bay, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Chilumba. Airports: 43 (2002). International disputes: dispute with Tanzania over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) and the meandering Songwe River remain dormant.

86: Mali-Mali’s World Cup Logo | President: Amadou Toumani Touré (2002) Prime Minister: Modibo Sidibé (2007) Land area: 471,042 sq mi (1,219,999 sq km); total area: 478,767 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 12,666,987 (growth rate: 2.7%); birth rate: 49.1/1000; infant mortality rate: 102.0/1000; life expectancy: 50.3; density per sq km: 10 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Bamako, 1,323,200 (metro. area), 935,400 Monetary unit: CFA Franc

87: Mali Touristique | President: Amadou Toumani Touré (2002) Prime Minister: Modibo Sidibé (2007) Land area: 471,042 sq mi (1,219,999 sq km); total area: 478,767 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 12,666,987 (growth rate: 2.7%); birth rate: 49.1/1000; infant mortality rate: 102.0/1000; life expectancy: 50.3; density per sq km: 10 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Bamako, 1,323,200 (metro. area), 935,400 Monetary unit: CFA Franc

88: More Facts & Figures National name: République de Mali Current government officials Languages: French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages Ethnicity/race: Mande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Sarakole), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, Songhai 6%, other 5% Religions: Islam 90%, indigenous beliefs 9%, Christian 1% National Holiday: Independence Day, September 22 Literacy rate: 46% (2003 EST.)

89: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $13.47 billion; per capita $1,000. Real growth rate: 2.5%. Inflation: 2.5%. Unemployment: 30% (2004 EST.). Arable land: 4%. Agriculture: cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep, goats. Labor force: 3.93 million (2001 est.); agriculture and fishing 80%, industry and services 20% (2001 EST.). Industries: food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining. Natural resources: gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, hydropower; note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited. Exports: $323 million f.o.b. (2004 est.): cotton, gold, livestock. Imports: $1.858 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.): petroleum, machinery and equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs, textiles. Major trading partners: China, Pakistan, Thailand, Italy, Germany, India, Bangladesh, France, Senegal, Cte d'Ivoire (2004).

90: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 45,000 (2000); mobile cellular: 40,000 (2001). Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 28, shortwave 1 note: the shortwave station in Bamako has seven frequencies and five transmitters and relays broadcasts for China Radio International (2001). Radios: 570,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 1 (plus repeaters) (2001). Televisions: 45,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 13 (2001). Internet users: 30,000 (2002). Transportation: Railways: total: 729 km (2002). Highways: total: 15,100 km; paved: 1,827 km; unpaved: 13,273 km (1999 EST.). Waterways: 1,815 km. Ports and harbors: Koulikoro. Airports: 26 (2002. International disputes: armed bandits based in Mali attack southern Algerian towns.

97: President: Muhammad Ould Abdelaziz (2009) Prime Minister: Sidi Mohamed Ould Boubacar (2005) Land area: 397,837 sq mi (1,030,400 sq km); total area: 397, 953 sq mi (1,030,700 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 3,129,486 (growth rate: 2.4%); birth rate: 34.1/1000; infant mortality rate: 63.4/1000; life expectancy: 60.3; density per sq km: 3 Capital and largest city (2003 EST.): Nouakchott, 661,400 Monetary unit: Ouguiya

98: M A U R I T A N I A

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Priscilla J. Fumero
  • By: Priscilla J.
  • Joined: over 6 years ago
  • Published Mixbooks: 9
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About This Mixbook

  • Title: Africa Volume Three
  • Places On Africa
  • Tags: None
  • Published: over 6 years ago

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