Christmas Standard Delivery Deadline 12/18
: :
Get up to 50% Off! Code: MXSHIP Ends: 12/12 Details
Apply
  1. Help

Africa Volume Two

Hello, you either have JavaScript turned off or an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.

Africa Volume Two - Page Text Content

S: Africa Volume Two

3: Republic of Cameroon President: Paul Biya (1982) Prime Minister: Ephram Inoni (2004) Land area: 181,251 sq mi (469,440 sq km); total area: 183,567 sq mi (475,440 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 18,879,301 (growth rate: 2.2%); birth rate: 34.1/1000; infant mortality rate: 63.3/1000; life expectancy: 53.7; density per sq km: 39 Capital: Yaoundé, 1,395,200 (metro. area), 1,154,400 (city proper) Largest city: Douala, 1,490,500 (metro. area), 1,274.300 (city proper) Monetary unit: CFA Franc

5: More Facts & Figures National name: République du Cameroun Languages: French, English (both official); 24 major African language groups Ethnicity/race: Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwest Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1% National Holiday: Republic Day (National Day), May 20 Religions: indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Islam 20% Literacy rate: 67.2% (2006 EST.) | Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $39.37 billion; per capita $2,100. Real growth rate: 3.3%. Inflation: 0.9%. Unemployment: 30% (2001 est.). Arable land: 13%. Agriculture: coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, root starches; livestock; timber. Labor force: 6.86 million; agriculture 70%, industry and commerce 13%, other 17%. Industries: petroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair. Natural resources: petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower. Exports: $3.236 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton. Imports: $2.514 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food. Major trading partners: Spain, Italy, UK, France, U.S., South Korea, Netherlands, Nigeria, Belgium, China, Germany (2004).

6: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 110,900 (2002); mobile cellular: 1.077 million (2003). Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 9, shortwave 3 (2002). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2002). Internet hosts: 479 (2004). Internet users: 60,000 (2002); note: Cameroon also had more than 100 cyber-cafes in 2001.

7: Transportation: Railways: total: 1,008 km (2004). Highways: total: 34,300 km; paved: 4,288 km; unpaved: 30,012 km (1999 est.). Waterways: navigation mainly on Benue River; limited during rainy season (2004). Ports and harbors: Douala, Limboh Terminal. Airports: 47 (2004 EST.).

8: International disputes: ICJ ruled in 2002 on the entire Cameroon-Nigeria land and maritime boundary but the parties formed a Joint Border Commission, which continues to meet regularly to resolve differences bilaterally and have commenced with demarcation in less-contested sections of the boundary, starting in Lake Chad in the north; implementation of the ICJ ruling on the Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea is impeded by imprecisely defined coordinates, the unresolved Bakassi allocation, and a sovereignty dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River; Nigeria initially rejected cession of the Bakassi Peninsula, then agreed, but has yet to withdraw its forces while much of the indigenous population opposes cession; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes Chad and Niger.

10: President: Pedro Pires (2001) Prime Minister: José Maria Neves (2001) Total area: 1,556 sq mi (4,030 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 429,474 (growth rate: 0.5%); birth rate: 23.5/1000; infant mortality rate: 41.3/1000; life expectancy: 71.6; density per sq km: 105 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Praia, 99,400 Other large city: Mindelo, 66,100 Monetary unit: Cape Verdean escudo

12: More Facts & Figures National name: República de Cabo Verde Languages: Portuguese, Criuolo Ethnicity/race: Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1% National Holiday: Independence Day, July 5 Religion: Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs), Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene) Literacy rate: 77% (2003 EST.)

13: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $1.603 billion; per capita $3,200. Real growth rate: 6.9%. Inflation: 4.4%. Unemployment: 21% (2000 EST.). Arable land: 10%. Agriculture: bananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts; fish. Labor force: n.a. Industries: food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair. Natural resources: salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum. Exports: $73.35 million f.o.b. (2005 est.): fuel, shoes, garments, fish, hides. Imports: $500 million f.o.b. (2005 est.): foodstuffs, industrial products, transport equipment, fuels. Major trading partners: Portugal, France, U.S., UK, Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Brazil (2004).

14: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 71,700 (2003); mobile cellular: 53,300 (2003). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 15 (and 17 repeaters), shortwave 0 (2002). Television broadcast stations: 1 (and 7 repeaters) (2002). Internet hosts: 118 (2004). Internet users: 20,400 (2003). Transportation: Railways: total: 0 km. Highways: total: 1,350 km; paved: 932 km; unpaved: 418 km (2000). Waterways: none. Ports and harbors: Mindelo, Praia, Tarrafal. Airports: 7; note: 3 airports are reported to be nonoperational (2004 EST.). International disputes: none.

17: President: Gen. Franois Bozizé (2003) Prime Minister: Faustin Archange Touadéra (2008) Total area: 240,533 sq mi (622,980 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 4,511,488 (growth rate: 1.4%); birth rate: 32.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 80.6/1000; life expectancy: 44.4; density per sq km: 7

18: Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Bangui, 810,000 (metro. area), 669,800 (city proper) Monetary unit: CFA Franc More Facts & Figures National name: République Centrafricaine Languages: French (official), Sangho (lingua franca, national), tribal languages Ethnicity/race: Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2% National Holiday: Republic Day, December 1 Religions: indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant and Roman Catholic (both with animist influence) 25% each, Islam 15% Literacy rate: 48.6% (2006 EST.)

19: Economic summary: GDP/PPP $3.1 billion (2007 est.); per capita $700. Real growth rate: 4.2%. Inflation: 0.9% (2007 EST.). Unemployment: 8% (23% for Bangui) (2001 EST.). Arable land: 3%. Agriculture: cotton, coffee, tobacco, manioc (tapioca), yams, millet, corn, bananas; timber. Labor force: N.A. Industries: gold and diamond mining, logging, brewing, textiles, footwear, assembly of bicycles and motorcycles. Natural resources: diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower. Exports: $131 million f.o.b. (2004 est.): diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee, tobacco. Imports: $203 million f.o.b. (2004 est.): food, textiles, petroleum products, machinery, electrical equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals. Major trading partners: Belgium, Italy, Spain, U.S., France, Indonesia, China, Cameroon (2004).

20: Economic summary: GDP/PPP $3.1 billion (2007 est.); per capita $700. Real growth rate: 4.2%. Inflation: 0.9% (2007 EST.). Unemployment: 8% (23% for Bangui) (2001 EST.). Arable land: 3%. Agriculture: cotton, coffee, tobacco, manioc (tapioca), yams, millet, corn, bananas; timber. Labor force: N.A. Industries: gold and diamond mining, logging, brewing, textiles, footwear, assembly of bicycles and motorcycles. Natural resources: diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower. Exports: $131 million f.o.b. (2004 est.): diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee, tobacco. Imports: $203 million f.o.b. (2004 est.): food, textiles, petroleum products, machinery, electrical equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals. Major trading partners: Belgium, Italy, Spain, U.S., France, Indonesia, China, Cameroon (2004). | Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 10,000 (2004); mobile cellular: 60,000 (2004). Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 1 (2002). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2001). Internet hosts: 10 (2006). Internet users: 9,000 (2005). Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 23,810 km; paved: 643 km; unpaved: 23,167 km (1999 EST.). Waterways: 2,800 km (primarily on the Ubangi and Songhai rivers) (2004). Ports and harbors: Bangui, Nola, Salo, Nzinga. Airports: 50 (2006 EST.). International disputes: about 30,000 refugees fleeing the 2002 civil conflict in the CAR still reside in southern Chad; periodic skirmishes over water and grazing rights among related pastoral populations along the border with southern Sudan persist. .

21: Cotton production, Central African Republic | Traditional hut in jungle clearing Central African Republic

22: Traditional hairstyle, woman, clearing Central African Republic | Woman preparing cassava root Central African Republic

23: Canoe transportation (pirogue), Ubangi River, Central African Republic

26: President: Idriss Déby (1990) Prime Minister: Youssouf Saleh Abbas (2008) Land area: 486,178 sq mi (1,259,201 sq km); total area: 495,755 sq mi (1,284,000 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 10,329,208 (growth rate: 2.0%); birth rate: 40.8/1000; infant mortality rate: 98.7/1000; life expectancy: 47.7; density per sq km: 8 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): N'Djamena, 609,600 Monetary unit: CFA Franc | More Facts & Figures National name: République du Tchad Languages: French, Arabic (both official); Sara; more than 120 languages and dialects Ethnicity/race: 200 distinct groups. North and center, mostly Muslim: Arabs, Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba. South, mostly Christian or animist: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moundang, Moussei, Massa

27: National Holiday: Independence Day, August 11 Religions: Islam 51%, Christian 35%, animist 7%, other 7% Literacy rate: 25.7% (2006 EST.)

28: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $15.9 billion; per capita $1,200. Real growth rate: 0.6%. Inflation: -8.8%. Unemployment: N.A. Arable land: 3%. Agriculture: cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca); cattle, sheep, goats, camels. Labor force: N.A.; agriculture 80%; industry and services 20% (subsistence farming, herding, and fishing). Industries: oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials. Natural resources: petroleum (unexploited but exploration under way), uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt. Exports: $4.342 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.): cotton, cattle, gum Arabic, oil. Imports: $823.1 million f.o.b. (2006 EST.): machinery and transportation equipment, industrial goods, foodstuffs, textiles. Major trading partners: U.S., China, Portugal, France, Cameroon, Germany, Belgium (2004). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 13,000 (2004); mobile cellular: 210,000 (2005). Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 4, shortwave 5 (2002). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2002). Internet hosts: 9 (2006). Internet users: 35,000 (2005).

29: Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 33,400 km; paved: 267 km; unpaved: 33,133 km (1999 EST.). Waterways: Chari and Legone rivers are navigable only in wet season (2002). Ports and harbors: none. Airports: 52 (2006 EST.). International disputes: since 2003, Janjawid armed militia and Sudanese military have driven about 200,000 Darfur region refugees into eastern Chad; Chad remains an important mediator in the Sudanese civil conflict; Chadian Aozou rebels reside in southern Libya; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes Chad and Niger.

32: An 1808 map refers to the islands as "Comoro" | Sultan Said Ali bin Said Omar of Grande Comoro (1897)

33: Capital (and largest city) Moroni 1141S 4316E11.683S 43.267E Official language(s) Comorian,`Arabic, French Demonym Comorian(s)[1] Government Federal republic President Ahmed Abdullah M. Sambi Independence from France DateJuly 6, 1975

34: Area -Total2,235 km2 (178th (excl. Mayotte)) 863 sq mi - Water (%) negligible Population - 2005 estimate798,000 (159th) - Density 275/km2 (25th) 712.2/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate - Total$772 million[2] - Per capita $1,159[2] GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate - Total$532 million[2] - Per capita $798[2] HDI (2007) 0.561 (medium) (135th) Currency Comorian franc (KMF) Time zone EAT (UTC+3) - Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)

35: Drives on the right Internet TLD .km Calling code +269

38: Cote d'Ivoire Mosque

39: Cote d'Ivoire - Diamond Mining (Dollar Bill) | President: Laurent Gbagbo (2000) Prime Minister: Charles Konan Banny (transitional) (2005) Land area: 122,780 sq mi (318,000 sq km); total area: 124,502 sq mi (322,460 sq km) Population (2009 EST.): 20,617,068 (growth rate: 2.1%); birth rate: 32.1/1000; infant mortality rate: 68.0/1000; life expectancy: 55.4; density per sq km: 57

40: President: Laurent Gbagbo (2000) Prime Minister: Charles Konan Banny (transitional) (2005) Land area: 122,780 sq mi (318,000 sq km); total area: 124,502 sq mi (322,460 sq km) Population (2009 EST.): 20,617,068 (growth rate: 2.1%); birth rate: 32.1/1000; infant mortality rate: 68.0/1000; life expectancy: 55.4; density per sq km: 57

41: Cote d'Ivoire-Village | Capital (2003 EST.): Yamoussoukro (official), 185,600; Largest city and administrative center: Abidjan, 4,113,600 (metro. area), 3,427,500 (city proper) Monetary unit: CFA Franc

42: COTE D'IVOIRE UNTIL 1880

43: More Facts & Figures National name: République de Cte d'lvoire Current government officials Languages: French (official) and African languages (Dioula ESP.) Ethnicity/race: Akan 42.1%, Voltaiques (Gur) 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 14,000 French) (1998) National Holiday: Independence Day, August 7 Religions: indigenous 25%–40%, Islam 35%–40%, Christian 20%–30% (2001) Literacy rate: 51% (2003 EST.)

44: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $32.18 billion; per capita $1,700. Real growth rate: 1.6%. Inflation: 2.1%. Unemployment: unemployment may have climbed to 40-50% as a result of the civil war. Arable land: 10%. Agriculture: coffee, cocoa beans, bananas, palm kernels, corn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sweet potatoes, sugar, cotton, rubber; timber. Labor force: 6.95 million. Industries: foodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity, ship construction and repair. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, hydropower. Exports: $6.49 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): cocoa, coffee, timber, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, fish. Imports: $4.759 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): fuel, capital equipment, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: France, Netherlands, U.S., Nigeria, Italy, Thailand (2004).

45: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 328,000 (2003); mobile cellular: 1.236 million (2003). Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 8, shortwave 3 (1998). Television broadcast stations: 14 (1999). Internet hosts: 3,795 (2004). Internet users: 90,000 (2002). Transportation: Railways: total: 660 km (2004). Highways: total: 50,400 km; paved: 4,889 km; unpaved: 45,511 km (1999 EST.). Waterways: 980 km (navigable rivers, canals, and numerous coastal lagoons) (2003). Ports and harbors: Abidjan, Aboisso, Dabou, San-Pedro. Airports: 37 (2004 EST.). International disputes: rebel and ethnic fighting against the central government in 2002 has spilled into neighboring states, driven out foreign cocoa workers from nearby countries, and, in 2004, resulted in 6,000 peacekeepers deployed as part of UN Operation in Cote d'Ivoire (UNOCI) assisting 4,000 French troops already in-country; the Ivorian Government accuses Burkina Faso and Liberia of supporting Ivorian rebels.

48: Capital (and largest city) Kinshasa 419S 1519E4.317S 15.317E Official language(s) French Recognised regional languages Lingala, Kikongo, Swahili, Tshiluba Demonym Congolese Government Semi-presidential republic - President Joseph Kabila - Prime Minister Adolphe Muzito Independence - from Belgium 30 June 1960 Area - Total2,344,858 km2 (12th) 905,355 sq mi - Water (%) 4.3

49: Population - July 2009 estimate68,692,542[1] (19th) - 1984 census29,673,000 - Density 29.3/km2 (182nd) 75.9/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate - Total$21.507 billion[2] - Per capita $332[2] GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate - Total$11.108 billion[2] - Per capita $171[2] HDI (2009[3]) 0.389 (low) (176) Currency Congolese franc (CDF) Time zone WAT, CAT (UTC+1 to +2) - Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+1 to +2) Drives on the right Internet TLD .cd Calling code 243

50: Democratic Republic of Congo's Bills

55: Republic of Djibouti President: Ismail Omar Guelleh (1999) Prime Minister: Dileita Mohamed Dileita (2001) Land area: 8,486 sq mi (21,979 sq km); total area: 8,880 sq mi (23,000 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 516,055 (growth rate: 1.9%); birth rate: 38.1/1000; infant mortality rate: 97.5/1000; life expectancy: 43.3; density per sq km: 22 Capital (1995 est.): Djibouti, 383,000 Monetary unit: Djibouti franc

56: More Facts & Figures National name: Jumhouriyya Djibouti Current government officials Languages: French and Arabic (both official), Somali, Afar Ethnicity/race: Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian) National Holiday: Independence Day, June 27 Religions: Islam 94%, Christian 6% Literacy rate: 68% (2003 est.)

57: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2006 est.): $1.878 billion; per capita $1,000. Real growth rate: 3.5%. Inflation: 3%. Unemployment: 59% in urban areas, 83% in rural areas (2007 est.). Arable land: 0.04%. Agriculture: fruits, vegetables; goats, sheep, camels, animal hides. Labor force: 282,000 (2000). Industries: construction, agricultural processing, salt. Natural resources: geothermal areas, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum, pumice, petroleum. Exports: $340 million f.o.b. (2006 est.): reexports, hides and skins, coffee (in transit). Imports: $1.555 billion f.o.b. (2006): foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products. Major trading partners: Somalia, Yemen, Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia, India, China (2006). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 10,800 (2005); mobile cellular: 44,100 (2005). Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2001). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2002). Internet hosts: 168 (2007). Internet users: 11,000 (2006). Transportation: Railways: total: 100 km (Djibouti segment of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti railroad) (2006). Highways: total: 2,890 km; paved: 364 km; unpaved: 2,526 km (1999 est.). Waterways: none. Ports and harbors: Djibouti. Airports: 13 (2007). International disputes: Djibouti maintains economic ties and border accords with "Somaliland" leadership while maintaining some political ties to various factions in Somalia; although most of the 26,000 Somali refugees in Djibouti who fled civil unrest in the early 1990s have returned, several thousand still await repatriation in UNHCR camps.

61: Egypt-Cairo | Capital (and largest city) Cairo 302N 3113E30.033N 31.217E Official language(s) Arabic1 Ethnic groups 99% Egyptians, 0.9% Nubians, 0.1% Greeks Demonym Egyptian Government Semi-presidential republic under Emergency Law (Law No. 162 of 1958)[1] since 1967, except for an 18-month break in 1980. - President Hosni Mubarak | Beautiful Landscapes of Egypt

63: GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate - Total$187.954 billion[3] - Per capita $2,450[3] Gini (1999–00) 34.5 (medium) HDI (2007) 0.703[4] (123rd) Currency Egyptian pound (EGP) Time zone EET (UTC+2) - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Drives on the right Internet TLD .eg, . Calling code +20 | Camels walking on The Deserts of Egypt | Egypt-Aliens in Egypt

64: Egypt Through Other Eyes

65: Cradle of Civilization in Egypt | Tamut in Egypt

66: The Landscapes of Egypt

67: Ancient Egyptian Culture | 1360 BCE, Cairo Museum, Egypt

68: Queen of Ancient Egypt: Cleopatra Reign51 BC–12 August 30 BC Ptolemy XIII (51 BC–47 BC) Ptolemy XIV (47 BC–44 BC) Caesarion (44 BC–30 BC) Full nameCleopatra VII Thea Philopator Bornlate 69 BC[1] DiedAugust 12, 30 BC (aged 39) Place of deathAlexandria PredecessorPtolemy XII Auletes SuccessorNone (Roman province) ConsortPtolemy XIII Theos Philopator Ptolemy XIV Julius Caesar (de facto) Mark Antony (de facto) OffspringPtolemy Caesar (Caesarion) Cleopatra Selene II Alexander Helios Ptolemy Philadelphus DynastyPtolemaic FatherPtolemy XII Auletes MotherCleopatra V of Egypt

72: President: Col. Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (1979) Prime Minister: Ricardo Mangue Obama Nfubea (2006) Total area: 10,830 sq mi (28,050 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 633,441 (growth rate: 2.7%); birth rate: 36.5/1000; infant mortality rate: 81.5/1000; life expectancy: 61.6; density per sq km: 20 Capital and largest city (2003 EST.): Malabo, 92,900 Monetary unit: CFA Franc

73: More Facts & Figures National name: Républica de Guinea Ecuatorial Current government officials Languages: Spanish, French (both official); pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo Ethnicity/race: Bioko (primarily Bubi, some Fernandinos), Río Muni (primarily Fang); less than 1,000 Europeans, mostly Spanish National Holiday: Independence Day, October 12 Religions: nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices Literacy rate: 86% (2003 EST.)

74: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 EST.): $15.54 billion; per capita $12,900 (2007 EST.). Real growth rate: 30%. Inflation: 4.6%. Unemployment: 30% (1998 EST.). Arable land: 5%. Agriculture: coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava (tapioca), bananas, palm oil nuts; livestock; timber. Labor force: N.A. Industries: petroleum, fishing, and sawmilling, natural gas. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay. Exports: $10.03 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): petroleum, methanol, and timber, cocoa. Imports: $3.29 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): petroleum sector equipment, other equipment. Major trading partners: U.S., China, Spain, Taiwan, Portugal, South Korea, France, UK, Cte d'Ivoire, Italy (2004).

75: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 10,000 (2005); mobile cellular: 96,900 (2005). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 5 (2002). Television broadcast stations: 19 (2006). Internet hosts: 81 (2007). Internet users: 8,000 (2006). Transportation: Railways: total: 0 km. Highways: total: 2,880 km (1999 EST.). Ports and harbors: Malabo. Airports: 5 (2007). International disputes: in 2002, ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea, but a dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River, imprecisely defined maritime coordinates in the ICJ decision, and the unresolved Bakassi allocation contribute to the delay in implementation; UN has been pressing Equatorial Guinea and Gabon to pledge to resolve the sovereignty dispute over Gabon-occupied Mbane Island and create a maritime boundary in the hydrocarbon-rich Corisco Bay.

77: President: Isaias Afwerki (1993) Total area: 46,842 sq mi (121,320 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 5,647,168 (growth rate: 2.5%); birth rate: 34.2/1000; infant mortality rate: 43.3/1000; life expectancy: 61.7; density per sq km: 41

79: More Facts & Figures National name: Hagere Ertra Current government officials Languages: Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages Ethnicity/race: ethnic Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3% National Holiday: Independence Day, May 24 Religions: Islam, Eritrean Orthodox Christianity, Roman Catholic, Protestant Literacy rate: 59% (2003 EST.)

81: D I F F E R E N T M A P S OF ERITEA

82: MAPS OF ERITREA

83: President: Isaias Afwerki (1993) Total area: 46,842 sq mi (121,320 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 5,647,168 (growth rate: 2.5%); birth rate: 34.2/1000; infant mortality rate: 43.3/1000; life expectancy: 61.7; density per sq km: 41 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Asmara, 899,000 (metro. area), 400,000 (city proper) Other large cities: the ports of Massawa, 30,700; and Assab, 56,300 Monetary unit: Nakfa

84: More Facts & Figures National name: Hagere Ertra Current government officials Languages: Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages Ethnicity/race: ethnic Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3% National Holiday: Independence Day, May 24 Religions: Islam, Eritrean Orthodox Christianity, Roman Catholic, Protestant Literacy rate: 59% (2003 EST.)

85: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 37,700 (2006); mobile cellular: 62,000 (2006) Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 1, shortwave 2 (2000). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2000). Internet hosts: 1,446 (2007). Internet users: 100,000 (2006). Transportation: Railways: total: 306 km (2006). Highways: total: 4,010 km; paved: 874 km; unpaved: 3,136 km (1999 EST.). Ports and harbors: Assab, Massawa. Airports: 18 (2007). International disputes: Eritrea and Ethiopia agreed to abide by 2002 Ethiopia-Eritrea Boundary Commission's (EEBC) delimitation decision, but despite international intervention, mutual animosities, accusations and armed posturing prevail, preventing demarcation; Ethiopia refuses to withdraw to the delimited boundary until technical errors made by the EEBC that ignored "human geography" are addressed, including the award of Badme, the focus of the 1998-2000 war; Eritrea insists that the EEBC decision be implemented immediately without modifications; since 2000, the UN Peacekeeping Mission to Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) monitors the 25km-wide Temporary Security Zone in Eritrea. It is extended for six months in 2007 despite Eritrean restrictions on its operations and reduced force of 17,000; Sudan accuses Eritrea of supporting Sudanese rebel groups; Eritrea protests Yemeni fishing around the Hanish Islands awarded to Eritrea by the ICJ in 1999.

88: President: Girma Woldegiorgis (2001) Prime Minister: Meles Zenawi (1995) Land area: 432,310 sq mi (1,119,683 sq km); total area: 435,186 sq mi (1,127,127 sq km) Population (2008 est.): 78,254,090 (growth rate: 2.2%); birth rate: 36.8/1000; infant mortality rate: 90.2/1000; life expectancy: 49.4; density per sq km: 69 Capital and largest city (2003 EST.): Addis Ababa, 2,716,200 Monetary unit: Birr

89: More Facts & Figures National name: Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik Current government officials Languages: Amharic, Tigrigna, Orominga, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, English, over 70 others Ethnicity/race: Oromo 40%, Amhara and Tigrean 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1% National Holiday: Independence Day, May 28 Religions: Islam 45%–50%, Ethiopian Orthodox 35%–40%, animist 12%, other 3%–8% Literacy rate: 43% (2003 EST.)

90: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $62.19 billion; per capita $800. Real growth rate: 11.4%. Inflation: 17%. Unemployment: N.A. Arable land: 10%. Agriculture: cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, qat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish. Labor force: 27.27 million (1999); agriculture and animal husbandry 80%, government and services 12%, industry and construction 8% (1985). Industries: food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, cement. Natural resources: small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower. Exports: $1.2 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): coffee, qat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds. Imports: $4.54 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): food and live animals, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery, motor vehicles, cereals, textiles. Major trading partners: Djibouti, Germany, Japan, Saudi Arabia, U.S., UK, Italy, India, China (2006). | Ethiopia Blue Nile Falls

91: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 725,000 (2006); mobile cellular: 866,700 (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 8, FM 0, shortwave 1 (2001). Television broadcast stations: 1 plus 24 repeaters (2002). Internet hosts: 89 (2007). Internet users: 164,000 (2005). Transportation: Railways: total: 699 km (Ethiopian segment of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti railroad) (2006). Highways: total: 36,469 km; paved: 6,980 km; unpaved: 29,489 km (2004). Ports and harbors: Ethiopia is landlocked and has used ports of Assab and Massawa in Eritrea and port of Djibouti. Airports: 84 (2007).

92: International disputes: Eritrea and Ethiopia agreed to abide by the 2002 Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission's (EEBC) delimitation decision, but despite international intervention, mutual animosities, accusations and armed posturing prevail, preventing demarcation; Ethiopia refuses to withdraw to the delimited boundary until technical errors made by the EEBC that ignored "human geography" are addressed, including the award of Badme, the focus of the 1998-2000 war; Eritrea insists that the EEBC decision be implemented immediately without modifications; Ethiopia has only an administrative line and no international border with the Oromo region of southern Somalia where it maintains alliances with local clans in opposition to the unrecognized Somali Interim Government in Mogadishu; "Somaliland" secessionists provide port facilities and trade ties to landlocked Ethiopia; the UNHCR expects most of the remaining 23,000 Somali refugees in Ethiopia to be repatriated in 2005; efforts to demarcate the porous boundary with Sudan have been delayed by civil war. Ethiopian forces invaded southern Somalia and routed Islamist Courts from Mogadishu in January 2007. | Karo Lady in Ethiopia

93: Ethiopia-Obelisk in Axum in Ethiopia

94: Covenant church in Axum, Ethiopia

95: E T H I O P I A

Sizes: mini|medium|large|jumbo
Priscilla J. Fumero
  • By: Priscilla J.
  • Joined: over 6 years ago
  • Published Mixbooks: 9
No contributors

About This Mixbook

  • Title: Africa Volume Two
  • Places On Africa
  • Tags: None
  • Published: over 6 years ago

Get up to 50% off
Your first order

Get up to 50% off
Your first order