S: Eastern Mediterranean Cruise May 2011 Book 2
FC: Eastern Mediterranean Cruise - May 2011 Book 2 | Featuring: Ephesus Crete
1: Cruise Schedule Book 1 May 22 - Rome, Italy May 23 - Messina, Italy May 24 - At Sea May 25 - Athens, Greece Book 2 May 26 - Ephesus, Turkey May 27 - Chania, Crete May 28 - At Sea Book 3 May 29 - Rome, Italy
2: We made our way through Kusadasi Turkey to visit the ancient ruins of Ephesus | At most ancient sites, we saw dogs laying around. This is the first time we saw cats.
3: Armed guards walked around the ruins | Interesting facts about Ephesus: - Ephesus which was once a seaport is now 6 miles away from the sea. - Ancient City of Ephesus was built 4 times. The Ephesus we walk around today is the 3rd. - Cleopatra spent the winter of 188 in Ephesus with Mark Anthony | Various bath houses dates to the 2nd century AD | State Agora
4: Odeion used for political meetings was built around 2nd century AD and would seat 1500 people | One of the pipes used to bring running water to Ephesus
6: The Memmius Monument was constructed during the reign of Augustus in the 1st century AD by Memmius, the grandson of dictator Sulla, a hero for the Romans in Ephesus. The figures seen today are of his father and grandfather. | The Temple of Domition is the first temple built in Ephesus for the name of an Emperor in the 1st century AD. It was an honor to have an imperial temple for the cities in old times. It was surrounded by shops around the ground floor and the temple was the terrace.
7: The Pollio fountain built in 97 AD by the rich Ephesian CS Pollio. The high arch faces the temple of Domition. Water was brought to the fountains through aqueducts and distributed by clay pipes
9: An ancient game board was found near the shops along with the symbol for Christianity
10: The homes displayed large mosaics on the floor.
11: The Fountain of Trajan
12: Temple of Hadrian was built before 138 AD for Emperor Hadrian. The middle contains a relief of Tyche, goddess of Victory
13: Scholastika baths were built in the 1st century and restored in the 4th century by a rich Christian lady called Scholastica. Her statue is at the entrance without a head
14: Latrines were built in 100AD and were the public toilets of the city. They were side by side with no partitions between them. | The toilet's stones were heated by the slaves for their masters in the winter before they were used. A drainage system was located under the toilets
15: The tomb of Arsino, half-sister to Cleopatra, who was murdered in Ephesus
17: Celsius library dates back to 2nd century AD built by the Roman Council of Asia Minor. Four woman statues in the niches symbolize Wisdom, Fate, Virtue and Knowledge.
19: the Mazeus - Mithridates gate between the Celsius library and commercial Agora
25: Commercial Agora, slave market by the harbor, built around 3rd century BC with shops all around the sides
26: The Theater dates back to 2nd century AD and has a capacity of 25,000 people. In 54 AD St Paul preached to the crowds in this theater.
29: We watched a small show with dancers for Cleopatra and Mark Anthony
30: A glimpse of life in Ephesus with Cleopatra and Mark Anthony
31: The crowd gave him thumbs down | Arcadian way where Mark Anthony and Cleopatra once rode in procession
33: Leaving Ephesus, we traveled up a mountain to visit the Shrine of Virgin Mary. We attended mass outside the small home.
34: Leaving the house is the Water of Mary and a wall where many people tied a prayer.
35: We went to Aziziye for our Biblical lunch.
36: On the way to the Basilica of St John, we saw one of the aqueducts | St John's Basilica dates back to 6th century AD and was built during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian
43: White storks nest on high columns throughout Turkey
44: Wayne snapped a picture of the white stork in flight
45: We stopped our bus beside the Baths. The roof has many holes to let out the steam. Each one could hold 50 - 100 people. | The only remains of the Temple of Artemis is this lone column. If you look close, it has a stork's nest on top too.
46: Of course, you cannot take an excursion in Turkey without a brief carpet presentation. | I forgot the silk comes from butterfly cocoons - before the butterfly emerges.
47: Ladies were sitting in a room in front of the loom. They worked fast creating beautiful rugs
48: They gave us Apple Tea and brought out many beautiful rugs for sale. Wayne spotted the dachshunds on the wall. | Barn Swallows were nesting outside the entrance
50: Sfakiani pie, a traditional cheese pie with honey
51: One of only two lakes in Crete. Dense vegetation surrounds the lake and the southeastern bank is lined with ancient olive trees.
53: The Arkadi Monastery is located in the Rethymno Prefecture, Crete. The Monastery is situated on a rectangular plateau on the northwest side of Mount Ida (Crete), at an altitude of 500 m. The Arkadian region is fertile and has vineyards, olive groves and pine, oak and Cyprus forests. The monastery played an active role in the Cretan resistance of Ottoman rule during the Cretan revolt in 1866.
58: After three days of battle and under orders from the hegumen (abbot) of the monastery, the Cretans blew up barrels of gunpowder, choosing to sacrifice themselves rather than surrender.
63: Leaving the monastery, we visited the small village called Rethymnon.
67: Rimondi fountain with rich decoration is situated at Platanos square, the centre of the Venetian town. It was built in 1626, by A.Rimondi, in order to provide the citizens with drinkable water.
68: During our free time, we ate at a small outside restaurant. The ham and cheese crepe was delicious.
72: Wayne made quick work of the rock wall
73: The next day was at sea, so we searched the ship again. We found a nice area above the pool to relax. One day in Rome coming up.