S: Eastern Mediterranean Cruise May 2011 Book 3 One Day in Rome
FC: Eastern Mediterranean Cruise - May 2011 Book 3 | One day in Rome
1: Ever wonder what you can see in Rome in one day? Well, we saw a lot. Just wear some good walking shoes, have plenty of water and plenty of patience with one another when you get lost.
3: St Peter's Dome by Michelangelo | Vittorio Emanuele II Bridge with Castel Sant' Angelo in background
4: The Vatican, a center of power for Catholics all over the world and a sovereign state since February 1929, ruled by the Pope. About 1000 people live in the Vatican. It has it's own post office, shops, Vatican radio, daily newspaper and a publishing house.
5: As we entered St Peter's Square, we noticed police and fire trucks in the square. We didn't see anything at first, but then spotted a woman on one of the light poles. She was attempting to commit suicide. They finally got her off the pole and off to a hospital. While everyone watched the action, we quickly got in line to enter St Peters Basilica.
6: The Pope's rooms are the first three windows. | The statues on top of the Basilica is Christ, St John the Baptist and all the Apostles except St Peter.
9: Vatican guard
13: The northernmost door is the "Holy Door" which, by tradition, is walled-up with bricks, and opened only for holy years such as the Jubilee year by the Pope. The present door is bronze and was designed by Vico Consorti in 1950 | The Door of Death is on the far left. It used to be the exit for funeral processions. Images: Death of Jesus (top right), Death of Mary (top left); violent death of Abel, serene death of Joseph, death of first pope, death of Pope John XXIII, death of first martyr Stephen, death of Gregory VII, death improvised in space and death of mother at home
15: Michelangelo's Pieta | Innocent XII - Sept 1700
16: Queen Christina's monument
17: Tomb of Benedict XIV - May 1758
18: Baldacchino - designed by Bernini in the 17th century to mark St Peter's remains | John XXIII
19: Gregory VIII
20: The body of Innocent XI died after a long period of ill health on 12 August 1689 | St. Helena holding the True Cross | St. Veronica holding her veil with the image of Jesus' face
21: The Basilica centers around the Papal Altar where only the Pope celebrates Mass. Rising above the altar is the baldacchino (95ft. canopy), Bernini's masterpiece and first work in St. Peter's. The ancient tomb of St. Peter lies directly below the altar. To the left is a statue of St Peter
22: Pope Pius VIII
23: Left - Throne of St Peter in Glory lights the image of the Holy Spirit, shown as a dove amid clouds, rays of sunlight and flights of angels. Right - Monument to Pope Alexander. Bernini's last work finished in 1678. The Pope sits among the figures of Truth, Justice, Charity and Prudence.
24: Saint Leo the Great | Pope Innocent XI
25: Pope Pius VII | Pope Leo XI
29: Pope Benedict XV
30: Right - Tomb of Maria Clementina Sobieski, the wife of James Stuart, the Old Pretender
34: As we left St Peter's, we saw the line now circled completely around both sides.
35: We waited for the light to turn green when he 'sped' by. | National Monument of Victor Emmanuel II, the first king of a unified Italy, It is clearly visible to most of the city of Rome. Foreign people sometimes refer to the structure by a variety of nickname, such as "the wedding cake" and Romans as "the typewriter".
36: Arch of Janus dates from the 4th century AD | Above - one of many ancient aqueducts Below - Palatine hill
37: The Colosseum, originally the Flavian Amphitheater, is an elliptical amphitheater in the center of Rome. It's the largest ever built in the Roman Empire and considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. Completed in 80 AD with a capacity of 50,000 spectators
38: One of many fountain offering cool drinking water
39: The Colosseum is east of the Roman Forum
40: Temple of Venus and Rome, built here in 121 AD by the Emperor Hadrian | Basilica of Constantine and Maxentius
41: The maps show how the Roman Empire expanded. The white area is how small or large it is. | Before Christ | Before Christ | After Christ | After Christ
42: Roman Forum - the center of political, commercial and judicial life in ancient Rome
43: Temple of Vespasian | Side view of the Temple of Saturn | Temple of Castor and Pollux | twins brothers (of whom one, Pollux, was fathered by Jupiter) stood on this spot from the 5th century BC.
44: Arch of Septimius Severus was erected in 203 AD to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the accession of Septimius Severus. The relief panels celebrate his victories in Parthis (modern Iraq and Iran) and Arabia.
45: Column of Phocas dates from 608 AD, with the Temple of Saturn and Vespasian.
46: The Temple of Julius Caesar was erected in his memory by Augustus on the spot where Caesar's body was cremated after his assassination in 44 BC
48: Temple of Romulus - domed building from the 4th century AD | Temple of Vesta with the Temple of Castor and Pollux behind. The cult of the Vestals was one of the oldest in Rome and centered on the six Vestal Virgins who keep alight the sacred flame of Vesta, the goddess of hearth.
50: The Arch of Titus was erected in 81 AD by the Emperor Domitian in honor of the victories of his brother, Titus, and his father, Vespasian, in Judea.
54: Arch of Constantine was dedicated in 315 AD to celebrate Constantine's victory over his co-emperor Maxentius. | There are statues of Dacian prisoners taken from Trajan's Forum and reliefs of Marcus Aurelius, including one where he distributes bread to the poor. Inside the arch are reliefs of Trajan's victory over the Dacians.
55: Roman soldiers were outside the Colosseum for photo ops - for a price. As well as horse drawn carriages. | We make our way to the Colosseum to see where the gladiator's fought for their life.
56: Seating was tiered to kept the different social classes segregated. The ticket had the section and row listed with 80 entrance archways to let in the vast crowds.
57: The animals were kept beneath the arena in cages - they entered the arena using trap doors and ramps
59: A small section still contains the original seats
61: View of the Arch of Constantine and the Temple of Venus and Rome from the second level
63: Bottom level of the Colosseum
69: Theater of Marcellus built by Emperor Augustus in 13 BC and the Temple of Apollo | The statues of the Dioscuri at the summit of Michelangelo's staircase to Piazza del Campidoglio and the facade of Palazzo Senatorio | Roman Insula - ruined apartment block dating from Imperial Rome
71: Trajan's column (113AD) celebrates 2 campaigns in Dacia (Romania). Spiraling up the column are detailed scenes from the campaigns
72: Pantheon designed by Hadrian 118 AD
73: Tomb of Raphael
74: Walking through Rome, we found ourselves at the back of the Pantheon. Bernini's Egyptian obelisk and marble elephant in front of Santa Maria sopra Minerva church
75: Exterior view of the Pantheon with the fountain
76: Piazza Navona | Neptune's Fountain
77: Fountain of the Four Rivers
79: Trevi Fountain, the most famous fountain in Rome, was completed in 1762. The central figure is Neptune flanked by 2 Tritons. One struggles to master an unruly sea-horse, the other leads a far more docile animal. Symbolizes the moods of the sea. | The fountain was built on the Aqua Virgo aqueduct - one relief is a young girl pointing to the spring from which the water flows.
80: Leaving the Trevi fountain, we walked towards the Spanish Steps. As we got closer, we could see the crowd of people. The championship soccer game with Palermo was that night. The crowd was filled with chats for the team. I knew around the steps would be crowded, but... didn't expect all this.
81: We were able to snap a picture of us on the steps. Wayne plays 'where's Waldo' in his picture to the left. Can you see him?
83: We followed the road back to the monument - knowing our bus would stop down the street.
84: She-Wolf - early 5th century BC. Legendary twins Romulus and Remus were added in the 15th century
85: View of the Roman Forum from the Palazzo del Conservatori
86: Statues of the River Nile (left) and the River Tiber (right) flanked the stairs of Palazzo Senatorio
87: View of the Roman Forum and Colosseum from the balcony of Palazzo Senatorio
89: The Temple of Castor and Pollux looms large over the Temple of Vesta and the Vestal Virgins. Close up of the Vestal Virgin statues
90: Pathway to the Theater of Marcellus where the shuttle will take us to the hotel.
91: Theater of Marcellus with the Temple of Apollo
92: Our orange juice was red! It was from the blood orange. | The amenity pack has everything we might need.
93: We made our way to the runway and waited for our turn. While we waited I watched them roll the hay. | Last glimpse of Italy as we head home
94: The offer a lot of food for the 10 hour flight
95: Last meal on this flight - almost home. It's time for passport control and customs...