FC: Eiffel Tower
2: The Eiffel Tower is an 1889 iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris that has become both a global icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world.
3: The tower stands 324 metres tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building.
4: The walk to the first level is over 300 steps, as is the walk from the first to the second level. The third and highest level is accessible only by elevator. Both the first and second levels feature restaurants.
5: The tower has become the most prominent symbol of both Paris and France, often in the establishing shot of films set in the city.
6: The structure was built between 1887 and 1889 as the entrance arch for the Exposition Universelle, a World's Fair marking the centennial celebration of the French Revolution.
10: Eiffel was assisted in the design by engineers Émile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin and architect Stephen Sauvestre. The risk of accident was great as, unlike modern skyscrapers, the tower is an open frame without any intermediate floors except the two platforms.
11: However, because Eiffel took safety precautions, including the use of movable stagings, guard-rails and screens, only one man died. The tower was inaugurated on 31 March 1889, and opened on 6 May.
12: The metal structure of the Eiffel Tower weighs 7,300 tonnes while the entire structure, including non-metal components, is approximately 10,000 tonnes. As a demonstration of the economy of design, if the 7,300 tonnes of the metal structure were melted down it would fill the 125 metre square base to a depth of only 6 cm (2.36 in),
13: assuming the density of the metal to be 7.8 tonnes per cubic metre. Depending on the ambient temperature, the top of the tower may shift away from the sun by up to 18 cm (7.1 in) because of thermal expansion of the metal on the side facing the sun.
16: http://dailycontributor.com/eiffel-tower-lights-up-for-new-years-eve-live-stream-video/10080 http:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MG_8998.jpg * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:American_soldiers_Eiffel_Tower.gif http://www.eiffeltowerpictures.net/Eiffel-Tower-Photographed-Wideangle.html http://www.blingcheese.com/image/code/148/the+eiffel+tower.htm
17: http://www.planetware.com/picture/paris-eiffel-tower-f-preiftw1.htm http://www.allposters.com/-sp/Eiffel-Tower-at-Dawn-Place-Trocadero-Square-Paris-France-Posters_i2861500_.htm http://www.francerevisited.com/main/Paris/eiffel-tower-history-construction http://www.howtobearetronaut.com/2010/07/construction-of-the-eiffel-tower/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eiffel_Tower