S: Pennsylvania and Atlantic City October 2011
FC: Fall in Pennsylvania with a visit to Atlantic City - October 2011
1: We flew into Philadelphia on October 22 and took a quick drive through the city before heading out to Atlantic City
2: View from room - night and day | View of Boardwalk from the middle. Atlantic Palace is where we stayed
3: We took a stroll on the Boardwalk to take in the views of the ocean, the people and find all the casinos. They still have the wicker rolling chairs to push you to your destination - for a price. They look like a stroller for grownups. Now before you ask - No, we did not take a ride.
4: We were ready to roll the dice and collect $200 for passing go.
6: Atlantic City Beach
10: Monday we started our drive around Pennsylvania. First stop Historic Batsto Village, the site of a bog iron and glassmaking industrial center from 1766 - 1867.
12: Batsto Iron Works became an important supplier to the Continental Army. During the American Revolution, it manufactured ammunitions, camp kettles, iron fastenings, wagons and ships.
14: Batsto country store provided supplies for the few hundred people working and living in Batsto village
16: Batsto Lake provided the water for the nearby Sawmill. To provide lumber to build homes for the workers of the iron or glass making business, they built a Sawmill. In addition to the sawmill, a grist mill was built for processing grain. Soon a blacksmith, wheelwright and other barns were erected for storage of wagons, equipment, and to house animals. The workers planted gardens, orchards and raised animals for food. A Piggery was built for slaughtering the pigs. Without refrigeration, an ice house had to be constructed. Religion was important to the workers so churches were built nearby. Eventually, a post office helped to speed communication between Batsto and other towns.
17: The workers' homes were built in the early 19th century. They typically had 3 rooms downstairs and 2 rooms upstairs, plus an attic. The rent was two dollars a month. Many worked at the Sawmill pictured below.
18: Mule Barn was constructed in 1828 of Jersey ironstone. It has served as a team stable, hay storeroom and mule barn. It contains eight stalls with plenty of storage above.
19: The blacksmith shop was utilized for shoeing horses and mules. They also made and repaired farming tools along with some domestic hardware like hinges, latches and locks. | The blacksmith and wheelwright shared the same building. | The wheelwright made and repaired wheels, and with the blacksmith, repaired horse-drawn vehicles.
22: We couldn't resist stopping by Hershey. I wonder if it rains Hershey kisses?
24: We took the little train to show us how their chocolate was made. Check out the production for the day - that's a lot of chocolate!
25: As we drove through Lancaster County, we saw the Amish buggy going at a good pace, past by some Amish puppies and cows. Most homes had laundry out on the line - Tuesday must be laundry day.
29: We drove around all the scenic roads to view the fall foliage, hoping to catch a glimpse of some elk or bears. Finally we gave up and we headed to the Hyner overview.
30: Wayne was able to help some hang gliders launch off the mountain. We could see where they planned to land way below. We watched them for several minutes.
31: Wayne was able to keep the last hang glider when someone else showed up to assist. He was glad to be in the air.
33: The other couple told us they spotted the bear on the way up. We thought it would be long gone, but we slowly made our way back to the base of the mountain and he crossed the road in front of us. He looked to be about 50 to 60 pounds. We stayed for about 10 minutes waiting on the mama bear to show up, but she didn't.
34: Bushkill Falls | Known as the 'Niagara of Pennsylvania,' Bushkill Falls is a series of eight waterfalls that cascade gracefully deep in the wooded splendor of the Pocono Mountains.
35: Little Bushkill Creek
36: We walked by Little Bushkill Creek on the wooden pathway
38: Wayne spotted the little chipmunk along the Upper Canyon trail
39: At the bottom of the main falls
40: Scenic views on the hike to the Bridal falls
42: The first of the Bridesmaid's falls
43: Bridal Veil Falls
44: Last Bridesmaid fall followed by a walk by Pond Run Creek
46: After visiting the falls, we had a relaxing drive around Allentown to look at the covered bridges. First bridge is Bogert's Bridge. The history of Bogert’s bridge dates back to the mid-1700s when the Bogert family moved into a log cabin next to the future site of the bridge. | Dating back to 1841, and spanning 145 feet over Little Lehigh River, it is one of the oldest in the region and in the nation.
47: Manassas Guth Bridge | Manassas Guth Bridge, built in 1858, is a 129 foot long single span Burr Truss Bridge. It crosses Jordan creek.
48: Wehr's Bridge crosses Jordan Creek in Lehigh County. The 140 foot long Burr Truss Bridge was built in 1841. Originally known as Sieger's Bridge, the term "Wehr's Bridge" became more common after the opening of Wehr's Mill, which was built nearby in 1862. | We got a surprise when we reached Rex's Covered Bridge - they are repairing the bridge. | Geiger's Bridge was built in 1860 using the Burr arch design, the length of the bridge is 112 ft. and width of 17 ft. It crosses Jordon Creek in Lehigh County.
49: Built in 1882, Schlicher's Covered Bridge is the shortest and newest covered bridge in the county and the forth that crosses Jordan Creek. It utilizes the Burr Arch design with a length is 108 ft. and width of 17 ft. It is now closed to all traffic and the last of our driving tour.
51: Eastern State Penitentiary was the world's first true penitentiary, a prison designed to inspire penitence - or true regret - in the hearts of criminals. The prison stands today in ruins, a haunting world of crumbling cellblocks and a surprising, eerie beauty.
52: An 18th Century social experiment along Quaker principles that went horribly wrong. Complete solitary confinement was the rule, on the theory inmates would use the time for prayer, reflection, and penitence.
53: It had running water and central heat before the White House so they could truly provide solitary confinement.
55: Its vaulted, sky-lit cellblocks held many of America's most notorious criminals, including bank robber "Slick Willie" Sutton and "Scarface" Al Capone.
56: Loneliness destroyed many and eventually overcrowding led to squalid conditions with no pretense of reform. It finally closed in the 1970s.
58: The degree of infamy Eastern State Penitentiary experienced when in use made Alcatraz seem like a day care center. | In 1880, due to an aging prison population, about 20 cells in Cellblock 3 were turned into a Hospital Department.
59: In 1842, Charles Dickens visits the US to see Niagara Falls and the Eastern State Penitentiary. He will later write, “The System is rigid, strict and hopeless solitary confinement, and I believe it, in its effects, to be cruel and wrong”
64: The basketball court was behind the Chapel, Movie theater and commissary building
65: We were able to take a look behind the locked door at the "hole" - the underground solitary confinement cells under cellblock 14. The cells were about 4' x 5' with a low ceiling. I could barely stand up myself.
66: We also had a peek behind the locked gates of the kitchen and dining hall. The hole in front of the building was used to weigh the trucks as they left to make sure extra weight was not detected. Several inmates had attempted a breakout by hiding in barrels of chicken bones. They made it outside the prison walls, but found themselves arrested as they climbed out of their hiding place beside a cop car.
67: The building is the new kitchen built in 1903 to replace an older one at the entrance to the prison. This room was the bakery.
68: The dining hall was built in 1939 directly beside the kitchen.
72: Chicago gangster Al Capone spent eight months at Eastern State Penitentiary. On August 20, 1929, the Philadelphia Public Ledger describes Capone's cell: "The whole room was suffused in the glow of a desk lamp which stood on a polished desk.... On the once-grim walls of the penal chamber hung tasteful paintings, and the strains of a waltz were being emitted by a powerful cabinet radio receiver of handsome design and fine finish..."
73: On August 12, 1924, Governor8 Pinchot allegedly sentenced Pep “The Cat-Murdering Dog” to a life sentence at Eastern State. Pep allegedly murdered the governor’s wife’s cherished cat.
75: We only scratched the surface, but needed to go explore the rest of Philadelphia.
76: Independence Hall, the Liberty Bell and Congress Hall, the former US Capitol and site of two Presidential Inaugurations
77: Second Bank of the United States | Library Hall - nation's first public library and former Library of Congress
80: Along with hosting the First Continental Congress in 1774, Carpenters' Hall was home to Franklin's Library Company, The American Philosophical Society, and the First and Second Banks of the United States. | The original banner carried during the 1788 Constitutional parade | Before the Constitution, before the Declaration of Independence, there was the First Continental Congress. In 1774, delegates from 12 colonies gathered at Carpenters’ Hall and voted to support a trade embargo against England, one of the first unified acts of defiance against the King. The cry for independence was hardly unanimous. Fiery patriots such as Patrick Henry addressed the 1774 meeting and never spoke nationally again.
81: In Short – Built at the end of the 18th century, the First Bank was the country's original central bank. But opposition to the bank's financial policies from farmers and merchants, along with the political ambition of Alexander Hamilton's enemies, led to its charter being revoked in 1811. In 1812 Stephen Girard reopened the building as a privately held bank.
83: Christ Church has many gravestones on the floor of the church.
84: On the left, Betty Ross House where Betsy Ross sewed the first Stars and Stripes. On the right, Corn Exchange building that “Slick Willie” Sutton attempted to rob February 15, 1933. He came in disguised as a postman, but an alert passerby foiled the crime. He escaped. On January 15, 1934, he and two companions broke into the same bank through a skylight. Sutton was apprehended on February 5, 1934, and was sentenced to serve 25 to 50 yrs in Eastern State Penitentiary for the machine gun robbery of the Corn Exchange Bank. | Quaker meeting house
85: Christ Church burial ground (est. 1719) has more than 4,000 people buried on the 2 acre plot, including 5 signers of the Declaration of Independence | In 1864, the warden of Christ Church compiled a book of the inscriptions that were already fading. Plaques contain original inscriptions.
87: Our walking tour of the city brought us back to Independence hall. Before we left the city, we sat down to eat a Philly Cheesesteak. For such a beautiful day, it's hard to imagine the snow storm due tomorrow - the day we fly home.
89: Pennsylvania foliage from east to west