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Haiti

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Haiti - Page Text Content

FC: My Peace Corp Trip to Haiti 2010-2012 Gabrielle Santangelo

1: boarding the plane!

2: Haiti from above! Isn't it beautiful? | Haiti

3: Port-au-Prince from above. Can't believe how blue the water is! absolutely nothing like New Jersey.

4: The town from above. My new home.

5: Haiti's market, Where i would be buying my food for the next two years

6: Martelly: Too soon for UN peacekeepers to leave. Haitian President Michel Martelly reaffirmed his nation's commitment to the United Nations and its beleaguered 12,000 strong peacekeeping mission in Haiti Friday, saying while peachekeepers had committed "unacceptable blunders" it would be irresponsible to force their departure. Speaking to a largely empty room where former Miami Congressmen Kendrick Meek and Hip Hop star Wyclef Jean were in the audience, Martelly thanked the world body and its leaders for coming to post-quake Haiti's assistance and said the country's 10 million citizens remain hopeful that change will happen soon. Meek was the lone U.S delegate in attendance. In his inaugural address at the united Nations General Assembly, Martelly didn't go into details about the controversy that has been sweeping the mission back home, triggering more protests on the streets of Port-au-Prince Friday. But he did warn that a few rotten trees should not spoil the entire forest. "There is nothing more irresponsible and dangerous [than] to let these missions leave without an effective national alternative," said Martelly, who is seeking to create a security force -- a new army-- to eventually replace peacekeepers. Seven years after it was deployed to Haiti amid violent political conflict, the U.N Stabilization Mission in Haiti, known by its French acronym MINUSTAH, has once again become the target of protests calling for its departure. The latest protests were triggered after five Urguayan peacekeepers were accused of raping a young man in the southern city of Port Salut. Haitians also remain angry over the spread of a deadly cholera epidemic, accusing peacekeepers of bringing it to the country nearly a year ago. The controversies have put Martelly and the mission's supporters in an uncomfortable position. Martelly has now come out in support of the mission and was quoted in the New York Times as saying he opposes a plan by U.N Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to reduce the mission's size to pre-quake levels. That took supporters by surprise. The U.N is seeking to reduce the mission by 1,800 military and 1,200 police officers when its once- year mandate comes up for the renewal next month. But Martelly, according to U.N officials, has asked the U.N to wait until the Haitian government has the financial resources to replace the troops with its own armed force. The U.N has argued that Haiti is not much worse than it was prior to the January 2010 earthquake and the reductions are not that drastic. Martelly mentioned neither the reduction in his speech nor his plan to form an army.

7: Dollar by Dollar, a sixth grader builds a village in Haiti Even before it was devastated by the 2010 earthquake that killed more than 200,000 people, Rachel Wheeler wanted to help the citizens of Haiti. Now, two years and $170,000 later, she has funded the construction of 27 homes and is now working to build a school in the same area. “You can’t just sit around and think about doing it,” said Rachel, 11. “You got to actually get out there and do it.” Dubbed “Rachel’s Village,’’ the community is near Leogane, about an hour’s drive from Port-au-Prince. For many of the village’s occupants, it was their first time owning a home that included indoor plumbing, a lock on the front door and a roof that did not leak. Rachel, accompanied by her family and representatives for the non-profit organization, Food for the Poor, visited the community in May. “The people were so, so overjoyed,” said Robin Mahfood, president of Food for the Poor, who accompanied the family to Haiti. “When the people realized it was a little girl that raised enough money to give them a home, they went berserk. They were jumping up and down and laughing and clapping and singing.” The sixth-grader at Zion Lutheran School in Deerfield Beach learned of the extreme poverty in Haiti when she and her mother, Julie Wheeler, heard a presentation from Food for the Poor at a Lighthouse Point Chamber of Commerce meeting in 2009. The presentation included enlarged before-and-after photos of the organization’s efforts in Haiti. One particularly horrific photo captured the-then 9-year-old’s attention. “In the before picture, [two sisters] were wearing ripped clothing,” said Rachel. “They did not have shoes on, they were standing in mud. One of them was holding a little fish that was all ashy like it had been sitting in the mud. That’s what they bathe in, they bathe in mud.” The family contacted Food for the Poor and learned that homes were the most needed commodity in Haiti. A goal was set by the non-profit for Rachel to raise money to build 13 homes. Rachel began by distributing self-addressed envelopes and selling lemonade, bracelets, potholders, baked goods and hot chocolate to raise the money. As word of the project spread, money flowed in from fellow Lighthouse Point residents, alumni of Zion Lutheran School, and complete strangers. Rachel recalled getting a letter from a farmer, who said that after his crop came in, his workers were going to vote on who they’d like to donate their proceeds to. “So they voted, and they gave it to my village,’’ Rachel said. “It actually ended up being $42,000.” Within approximately half a year, Rachel raised enough funds to build the 13 homes and decided to keep going until she had almost $170,000, enough to build Rachel’s Village. For her work, she has been awarded the Prudential Spirit of Community Award, was a finalist for the Gloria Barron Prize for Young Heroes, and was named an Outstanding Youth In Philanthropy by the Association of Fundraising Professionals. “She is a very special little girl,” Mahfood said. “Everyone has dreams of what they would like to do but this girl is determined to make a difference. She feels for the people.”

8: Thing i saw through my morning walks

9: A man fishing, maybe one day I'll try it. maybe.

10: Peace Treaty of Versailles ARTICLE 26. Amendments to this Covenant will take effect when ratified by the Members of the League whose representatives compose the Council and by a majority of the Members of the League whose Representatives compose the Assembly. No such amendment shall bind any Member of the League which signifies its dissent therefrom, but in that case it shall cease to be a Member of the League. ANNEX. I. ORIGINAL MEMBERS OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS SIGNATORIES OF THE TREATY OF PEACE. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, BELGIUM, BOLIVIA, BRAZIL, BRITISH EMPIRE, CANADA, AUSTRALIA, SOUTH AFRICA, NEW ZEALAND, INDIA, CHINA, CUBA, ECUADOR, FRANCE, GREECE, GUATEMALA, HAITI, HEDJAZ, HONDURAS, ITALY, JAPAN, LIBERIA, NICARAGUA, PANAMA, PERU, POLAND, PORTUGAL, ROUMANIA, SERB-CROAT-SLOVENE STATE, SIAM, CZECHO-SLOVAKIA, URUGUAY STATES INVITED TO ACCEDE TO THE COVENANT. ARGENTINE REPUBLIC, CHILE, COLOMBIA, DENMARK, NETHERLANDS, NORWAY, PARAGUAY, PERSIA, SALVADOR, SPAIN, SWEDEN, SWITZERLAND, VENEZUELA. II. FIRST SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS. The Honourable Sir James Eric Drummond, K.C.M.G., C.B. Articles 27-30 Boundaries of Germany PART II. BOUNDARIES OF GERMANY.

11: Immigration Act 1924 Non-Quota Immigrants. Sec. 4. When used in this Act the term ''non-quota immigrant'' means— (a) An immigrant who is the unmarried child under 18 years of age, or the wife, of a citizen of the United States who resides therein at the time of the filing of a petition under section 9; (b) An immigrant previously lawfully admitted to the United States, who is returning from a temporary visit abroad; (c) An immigrant who was born in the Dominion of Canada, Newfoundland, the Republic of Mexico, the Republic of Cuba, the Republic of Haiti, the Dominican Republic, the Canal Zone, or an independent country of Central or South America, and his wife, and his unmarried children under 18 years of age, if accompanying or following to join him; (d) An immigrant who continuously for at least two years immediately preceding the time of his application for admission to the United States has been, and who seeks to enter the United States solely for the purpose of, carrying on the vocation of minister of any religious denomination, or professor, or a college, academy, seminary, or university; and his wife, and his unmarried children under 18 years of age; if accompanying or following to join him; or (e) An immigrant who is a bona fide student at least 15 years of age and who seeks to enter the United States solely for the purpose of study at an accredited school, college, academy, seminary, or university, particularly designated by him and approved by the Secretary of Labor, which shall have agreed to report to the Secretary of Labor the termination of attendance of each immigrant student, and if any such institution of learning fails to make such reports promptly the approval shall be withdrawn.

12: These are the children and the food from the school we teach at. The girls are so adorable, The food is defiantly making me miss my home cook meals, | These were taken as we walked through Port-au-Prince. It's extremely upsetting to see the homes destroyed. It breaks my heart.

13: Dear Mom and Dad, Hey guys! Sorry it’s taken me so long to write, we've been so busy working. Ever since we landed here they have had us doing something, which in a good way, helps, it keeps me from thinking of home. Having only been here only two weeks I’m surprised how much I’ve learned so far. Like did you know that Haiti is actually the poorest country in the Americas and that it has dealt with political violence? Also they told us that we might be able to go visit the country's highest point which is Pic la Selle, I’m a little excited about that if we do. I think the saddest thing I have seen so far is Port-au-Prince, which is Haiti's capital and where the earthquake hit last year. It’s incredible to see the difference in the area, it breaks my heart. They tell us it used to have tall buildings and such but ever since the earthquake it’s just been tall piles of rubble. You can still see the sadness in the people's faces as they walk past everything. To think that their homes were there and everything they have had to deal with, it makes being here for two years seem like nothing, knowing that most of the people here will never see anywhere other than Port-au-Prince. On a happier note we started working in a small school near the village we're staying in. It’s amazing the see the eagerness of the children, there so ready to learn, if only people were like this at home. It’s never made me more excited to teach. The girls in my class are beyond adorable, even though it’s a little hard teaching them English as second language they make it fun for themselves. Every time they learn something new or memorize a new phrase they do a little dance. It’s extremely delightful. Not to mention, every girl is as well groomed at they can be. Their hair is always breaded and the clothes are as clean as possible. It didn't take me long to realize that appearance means a lot to Haitians. In fact I saw a mother the other day breading her daughter's hair outside their home. I’m almost positive I took a picture. Well a group of us are going to play soccer with some of the kids here. I’ll write as soon as I can, promise. Tell Sal I miss him, and will write to him soon too. Stay safe in Flourtown! Xoxo Gabi

14: This is of a mother breading her child's hair. To Haitians appearance means a lot to them. So seeing a mother doing this is very common. | This is picture of a man on the streets shinning shoes of men and women. He does this to find money to feed his family.

15: Kids playing soccer in the village. One of Haiti's past time activities.

16: For months, Garry Conille worked behind the scenes to rebuild a broken, quake-ravaged Haiti. Now, as the man in charge of leading its next government, he wants to inspire hope. “I want to be the guy who gets people excited about what we actually can achieve,” Conille told The Miami Herald in a recent interview. “If we can put together that reassurance and put together an exciting project that people can get behind — then start — we can buy time for development. My greatest fear is that if we don’t buy time, this country will explode in a few weeks, a few months.” A day after Haitian senators confirmed Conille as Haiti’s next prime minister, the Haiti trained gynecologist and U.N. development and humanitarian expert, spent his day receiving congratulatory wishes — President Michel Martelly issued a statement shortly after the vote — and holding meetings. His new role came late Tuesday after more than eight hours of contentious debate by senators, days of confusion and difficult negotiations. Conille, 45, faces a tough challenge in his new role. The months of political gridlock has stalled reconstruction, delayed voting of the budget, slowed public and private investments and birth growing disillusionment among an impoverished masses desperately awaiting change. Twenty-one months after the devastating Jan. 12, 2010 earthquake, Haiti remains in a humanitarian crisis with 594,811 people still living under tattered tents while a deadly cholera epidemic has left more than 6,400 dead and 455,700 infected. “Things have to get moving,” said Philippe Armand, former head of the Haitian-American Chamber of Commerce, who welcomed Conille’s confirmation. The international community welcomed the end of the impasse. “I am pleased to see that the political uncertainty which lasted for several months has been resolved by the Haitian parliament, and work can proceed,’’ Albert Ramdin, assistant secretary general of the Organization of American States, told The Herald. A husband and father of twin girls, Conille says he wants to reassure both Haitians and the international community about Haiti as he works to carry out Martelly’s promises of free education for all and reconstructing after the quake. “Right now, there is so much tension, so much skepticism over what we can achieve that people don’t even want to put in any effort,” Conille said. Conille, a Fulbright Scholar, holds a master’s in health policy from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and has years of development and humanitarian expertise with the United Nations. Before Tuesday’s vote, he was the global body’s main man in the African nation of Niger where he has served as U.N. Development Program resident representative and humanitarian coordinator for the past three months. All of that change in late August after he received the call from Martelly. “Michel Martelly looked me in the eye and told me ‘I need you to come and help me put these kids in school. I need you to come and help me with this whole camp situation. I just don’t know how to do it. I need you,’ ” Conille said. “How can you look the guy in the eye and say ‘It’s your problem, I’m going back to Niger.’ How do you do that?”

17: Still, it wasn’t easy. Daughters Soraya and Gaelle had just started a new school in New York, and wife, Betty Rousseau, the step-daughter of former Haiti prime minister and unsuccessful presidential candidate Marc Bazin, knew all too well the pitfalls of Haitian politics. So did Conille, who had seen Martelly’s two previous picks rejected by parliament. “It really was a fight with my family,” he said. “It was really tense, the hardest part of it was getting them to agree with it.” But as he mulled over the decision, a number of people reached out, he said, trying to make it possible for him to serve his country. “How could I have said 'no?' Ten years from now, how can you look at yourself?” he said. In the weeks leading up to Tuesday’s critical vote, Conille used his “down-to-earth” approach and practical sensibilities to reach across Haiti’s divisive political lines and classes. In meetings, he spoke of Haiti’s many realities, told fellow Haitians they have “a listening ear” and responded to criticism that his ties to the U.N. and former President Bill Clinton meant he was the blan’s – Creole for international community — candidate. “The idea of that is ridiculous,’’ said Conille, pointing out that while he spent 10 months on U.N. special assignment as chief of staff to Clinton in his role as U.N. Special Envoy to Haiti, he’s worked for other leaders from around the globe. “I am not the candidate that the blan is sending back to Haiti. I am the candidate that Haiti strategically put inside the blan to better understand the blan and to come back and help Haiti.” Even still, some question how effective Conille will be and his ability to be autonomous in the job. “If Martelly is serious about succeeding, then he will have to respect the constitution and allow Conille to run the government with efficiency and transparency while abiding by the rule of law," said Patrick Sylvain, a Haiti expert at Brown University in Rhode Island. “If Conille is there to serve the interests of the West, or small local and international interests instead of that of the country Haiti, he will fail miserably." Conille argues otherwise, but is accustomed to the criticism. Some have questioned his lack of political experience, while others have raised suspicion about his political pedigree. He supported a group of Haitian leaders and professionals who opposed former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide’s rule, but said he did not support his ouster. His father, Dr. Serge Conille, was an influential minister in the Duvalier regime and as a medical student in the 1960s was a close friend of Roger Lafontant, the head of the feared Tonton Macoute secret police. They are often credited with helping dictator Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier consolidate power by breaking up anti-Duvalier university students strikes. Conille dismisses critics who claim his rise signals a return to Duvalierism. A protégé of U.S. economist Jeffrey Sachs, his political outlook is influenced by many, he said, including Bazin and Rwandan President Paul Kagame, who has transformed his country after the genocide. “I want to sell a vision,’’ like Kagame, he said. “From a development standpoint, at the end of the day, no matter where you stand, we all agree that the emergency is getting children to school, stopping under 5 mortality, stopping women from dying from pregnancy-related causes, increasing the number of people who live off more than two bucks a day.” And as he prepares for the next battle before assuming office — he must now form a government and present parliament with his plan for the country — Conille said he’s not interested in bringing “a whole bunch of pre-set solutions to problems,’’ or stacking his government with a bunch of technocrats. He wants honest and competent leaders. “The reality is there is no secret in how you put children to school,’’ he said. “We know how to do it. There is no secret in how you create jobs, but some of the other countries have been able to get this common project and get everybody to get excited about it. I want to get everybody excited about what Haiti could be.”

18: To the left is a voodoo suit and to the right is a piece of art made of oil. | above it a picture of money and to the right is a painting

19: Hey Mom and Dad, Letter number eight. Now I’ve been here for almost a 10 and a half months and I must say, my French is pretty good. Seeing as French is one of the spoken languages here, it probably would have helped if I had taken some beginning classes before coming here. Not much has changed since my last letter other than us going on some hikes and we visited a home here that is seen as a museum. The lady who owns it has a bunch of things for voodoo rituals and stuff; it’s cool but extremely creepy. We saw things from really beautiful art, to sculptures and then at the end of the house was an old voodoo suit for a child. Around it was a bunch of little things that had to do with voodoo. It was surprising to me to hear that they take things such a speaking to the spirits and casting curses and such on people to heart but they do and I guess that’s okay. I mean I guess it’s like us taking God so seriously, it’s something there passionate about. Also I’ve finally got some money to spend but I don’t know if I should just yet, it’s almost to pretty to give away. I’m going to bring you and dad home some of their beans and rice here. It’s their main meal, which considering what we usually eat every night is such a shock. To think that almost every day they only get two meals and both are mostly beans and rice, it’s weird, every day I can have almost anything and I have more than 2 meals a day with snacks. It blows my mind to know what people have to live with. I think I may ask you to send me some things from home to show my students. Some books and stuff, maybe some candy from the store. Just as a treat for them for being such amazing kids and doing so well. I know it must be really hard learning something new. Not to worry you but there has been some sort of illness going around, they believe it to be something wrong with the food for now but apparently there is a possibility that it is chlorea which hopefully, if true, none of my students catch it. Also we had to stay at this medic area for a little bit to help around with some families dealing with HIV, which I was shocked to know is actually the leading cause of death here. Just yesterday I met a mother who lost her husband to it and she also carries the virus. It worries me to think what would happen to their children if she was to pass too. Even though I love being here, it’s so depressing to see the conditions that these wonderful people have to deal with day to day. Have to get back to making lessons for classes next week, more letters to come. I’ll let you know what books and such to send in the next letter. Xoxo Gabi

20: In a dramatic policy shift, Haiti has agreed to support a massive vaccination program to slow a cholera “There is a steady erosion of support of people coming and leaving,’’ said Farmer, who calls it the “Attention Deficit Disorder” of humanitarian work. “Wavering attention, short cycle of interest.” Still, getting the international community to pay for the vaccine, which costs $1.85 per dose, remains a challenge. The United Nations has struggled to raise $300 million for cholera outreach in recent months. At the same time, those opposed to vaccinations, are concerned that it will detract from public campaigns for better sanitary measures in Haiti, and from the need to promote potable water and improved sanitary conditions in a country were many people lack both. A recent a survey of 626 camps with 502,000 homeless quake victims by water and sanitation experts, showed that access to potable water had gone from 48 percent in March to 7 percent in August. Meanwhile, the percentage of camps with available hand washing stations went from, 20 percent to 12 percent during the same period. Conille, a medical doctor, said tackling cholera is among his top priorities. He wants to launch an army of young Haitians — one for every 200 households — to educate communities about prevention and treatment of waterborne disease. “I see this, despite the fact that it has had a devastating effect, as an opportunity for us to quickly strengthen our system and address other big public health issues,’’ he said. Meanwhile, those supporting the use of vaccines dismiss arguments that it will take away from public education campaigns promoting better hygiene among Haitians. “I have access to potable water. That is not the case of the majority of the people who don’t have enough water to dink much less to wash their hands,’’ said Bill Pape, director of the GHESKIO Center. Across from the clinic are two well known slum communities, the City of God and Eternal, constructed below sea level. outbreak that has claimed more than 6,000 lives and sickened almost a half-million people. Beginning in January, Boston-based Partners in Health will provide two dosages of the oral vaccine Shanchol to 100,000 Haitians living in two vulnerable communities: a neighborhood in Port-au-Prince, where potable water and latrines are luxuries, and to an isolated rural village in the lower Artibonite Valley region. The disease outbreak was first detected in the region a year ago this moth. “We need to bring every resource available to stop the epidemic,’’ said Dr. Paul Farmer, a Harvard University professor who co-founded Partners In Health and serves as deputy U.N. Special Envoy for Haiti. On the eve of last year’s presidential election, former President René Préval declined to launch a similar vaccination program, fearing social unrest. Government health officials said the program was not adopted because there weren’t sufficent vaccines for everyone. President Michel Martelly, who was elected in March, and Prime Minister Garry Conille have voiced support for the new vaccination campaign. “President Martelly is definitely behind the vaccine and so encouraged his ministry of health,’’ said Dr. Louise Ivers, senior policy adviser for Partners In Health. She believes continued deaths and advocacy from health groups helped shape the new policy. The group is launching the program with Haiti’s health ministry and the GHESKIO Center, a well-respected Haitian aid group known for its groundbreaking work with HIV/AIDS patients in Haiti. Partners In Health, which spends about $500,000 a month to treat cholera patients, says Haiti’s epidemic is the world’s largest. The decision to vaccinate Haitians comes as the country struggles to bring cholera under control, access to portable water and latrines in the country’s post-earthquake camps sharply decline and as international aid dollars wither.

21: “If you start to dig for latrines you hit water,” Pape said. Pape said the best solution to solving cholera in Haiti is improving water and sanitation in the country, which has some of the worst conditions in the world. But that cannot be done overnight, he said. The benefits of the chosen vaccine, which provides 70 percent effectiveness, last for about two years and the impact on the community is “enormous,” Pape said. By vaccinating about 50 percent of a population, the immunity could spread to the entire community, experts say. “I don’t see why you don’t provide it. It’s like going to war, using the artillery and not the aviation,’’ Pape said. “We need to give everything that is available. The disease is going to be here for a long time.’’ Still, introducing the disease has been controversial. Last year, as some pushed for vaccination, Haitian government health officials rejected the idea. They were concerned about social unrest because there were only 200,000 doses available. Some officials also feared usage could divert attention from public prevention campaigns pushing potable water and sanitary measures. The Pan-American Health Organization was also reluctant to introduce a limited supply of vaccines early in the outbreak. The group “strongly recommended” after a meeting last December with cholera, immunization and disease control experts that a stockpile of vaccines should exists before vaccinations begin. Jon Andrus, deputy director of PAHO, said the multiple doses that must be ingested could pose a problem. “The more doses of vaccines makes it more difficult, particularly in Haiti,’’ Andrus said. “If there was to be developed a single-dose vaccine, particularly for children, that would be marvelous. Trying to get a second dose in a person in a refugee emergency, new settlements (and) migrating earthquake population is going to be tough.” Dr. Arthur Fournier, co-founder of University of Miami’s Project Medishare, which operates three cholera treatment centers in Haiti’s central plateau, said the cholera epidemic has not received the attention it deserves. “I am OK with doing a cholera vaccination program as long as we do all we can in terms of community education,’’ he said.

22: PORT-AU-PRINCE -- The top U.N. envoy was missing, while his headquarters and Haiti's historic presidential palace lay in ruins Wednesday after a powerful 7.0-earthquake crippled the nation's communications with the outside world and left uncounted casualties. Government and private aid agencies were poised to descend on the country even as the White House and United Nations conferred on how to proceed. The U.N. said late Tuesday that "a large number of personnel remain unaccounted for" after its headquarters suffered severe damage. Sources told The Miami Herald that Hédi Annabi, head of the U.N. stabilization force, and his deputy were among the missing. "As far as casualties, we can't say for now, " said U.N. spokesman Ari Gaitanis. A hospital was reported to have collapsed and people were heard screaming for help, and portions of the National Palace in downtown Port-au-Prince crumbled. "There are people injured in the palace, " Fritz Longchamp, the building's executive director, told The Miami Herald. "I'm calling for help and medical assistance for them." Haitian President René Préval, who was not in the palace at the time of the quake, sought safe haven on the island, which is still rebounding from recent devastating hurricanes. Part of the road to Canape Vert, a suburb of the capital, has collapsed, along with houses perched in the mountains of Petionville, where the quake was centered. Petionville is a suburb about 10 miles from downtown Port-au-Prince. More than 20 aftershocks followed the main 4:53 p.m. earthquake, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. A tsunami alert was briefly issued for the region and canceled. Eyewitness accounts of the destruction were hard to come by. Some came via Twitter, Facebook and Skype. Richard Morse, owner of the Oloffson Hotel in Port-au-Prince, sent tweets to the outside world. "Just about all the lights are out in Port au Prince, " he said. "People still screaming but the noise is dying as darkness sets. Lots of rumors about which buildings were toppled. The Castel Haiti behind the Oloffson is a pile of rubble. It was eight stories high. Our guests are sitting out in the driveway." Haitian businessman Georges Sassine, who was in Washington, spoke to his wife minutes after the quake. "She said, suddenly her car started shaking, and she saw houses crumbling and she could not understand what was happening, " he said. Antwan Edmund, former head of the Caribbean-Central American Action advocacy group, said he was "sitting in Port-au-Prince watching the mountain crumble." Raymond Alcide Joseph, Haiti's ambassador to the United States, told The Miami Herald that the quake has crippled his country. It was "a catastrophe of major proportions, " he said. President Barack Obama was aware of the tragedy, the White House said, and the State Department is working to confirm the safety of staff at the U.S. Embassy in Port-au-Prince. "My thoughts and prayers go out to those who have been affected by this earthquake, " Obama said in a statement. "We are closely monitoring the situation and we stand ready to assist the people of Haiti." Former President Bill Clinton, U.N. Special Envoy for Haiti, issued a statement offering assistance. "My U.N. office and the rest of the U.N. system are monitoring the situation, and we are committed to do whatever we can to assist the people of Haiti in their relief, rebuilding and recovery efforts, " he said. In Honolulu, Hawaii, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said America's thoughts were "with the people of Haiti." Florida Gov. Charlie Crist said the state is prepared to assist. "Our hearts and prayers go out to them all, " he said.

23: Help was on the way. The U.S. Agency for International Development is dispatching a Disaster Assistance Response Team and has activated its partners, the Fairfax County Urban Search and Rescue Team and the Los Angeles County Search and Rescue Team. The USAR teams will be composed of up to 72 personnel, six search and rescue canines and up to 48 tons of rescue equipment. The USAR team will be accompanied by USAID disaster experts who will assist with assessments of the situation. "This is a tragic situation and we will work alongside the Haitian government to provide immediate assistance in the rescue effort, " said USAID Administrator Rajiv Shah. In Miami, a prayer service is planned for quake victims at 9 a.m. Wednesday at the Cathedral of St. Mary, 7525 NW Second Ave., and local aid efforts were starting to form. The University of Miami began assembling an emergency response team to use a private plane to fly to Haiti, said Michel Dodard, an assistant professor and member of the school's medical and community development program in Haiti. The moment he heard about the earthquake, Dodard contacted his two brothers who live there, one in Petionville -- the center of the quake. "Clearly, what they are describing is a dreadful situation, " Dodard said. "Haiti has a very fragile disaster relief to begin with and many of the construction is extremely haphazard. You see shantytowns there, and they collapse sometimes during a tropical storm -- not even a hurricane." The quake rattled the U.S. Navy base at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, just after 5 p.m. There was no immediate report of damage or injury. "It felt like when a building shakes when a subway goes by. But I know there's no subway here and the island's not moving, " said Army Maj. Diana R. Haynie. An American Airlines flight bound for Miami with about 200 passengers aboard -- believed to be the last flight out of Haiti on Tuesday -- arrived at Miami International Airport at 8:42 p.m. The jet had been preparing for takeoff at the time of the earthquake. It was allowed to leave after airport personnel determined the runway was not seriously damaged. "Everything was chaotic, " said Jarrod Seth of Seattle, who had traveled to Haiti with his wife, Sena, to adopt two children. He had just checked in at the Port-au-Prince airport when the quake struck. "People were falling all over each other, ceiling tiles came down, windows crashed. It was the scariest thing." At Southern Command in Miami-Dade, the military was on standby for a formal request from the State Department to provide assistance. None had been made. South Florida Haitians dialed friends and relatives in the island nation -- to no avail. All connections were cut. "My mother just went to Haiti on Friday and I'm terrified. " said Gepsie Metellus, a Haitian community leader.

24: A mother with her children from the clinic I've been working at. | Some of my students. There's so adorable.

25: Dear Mom and Dad, Letter number fifteen, I’ve been here for a little over a year now and it seems like I’ve been here for five. I think it’s because we do so much in a day but it surprised me when I looked at the calendar. I’m glad to say my students loved the books and candy you guys sent me. They read them almost every day. It really helped to learn the culture and also the words that they have been learning. Plus the candy was a good treat for when they did something really amazing. I got to help at the clinic some more last weekend, and I plan to do the same this weekend. It’s nice to help people, it’s a little sad but I’m getting stronger when it comes to seeing the families dealing with things. Also I learned that it was chlorea, two students in my class got it, we lost one girl and the boy is still dealing with it but they don’t know how much longer he can last. The kids made him some cards but they said that they should go visit him because it’s to dangerous for the rest of us. We have traveled some more, which gave me a chance to see other sides of Haiti that I didn’t even know were there. They didn’t speak French there though; they spoke the other fluent language which is Creole. I’ve only ever heard it spoken there, and I was just as lost as I was when I first got here. We also got to see where they grown some of their coffee beans and manges, which I learned are two out of there four major exports. The other two are oil and light manufactures. Things here are starting to finally becoming normal, I finally know where to go without having to ask, going to the market is becoming a usually routine and I can officially communicate with people without having to say some French words and some English words hoping they understand. It’s become more realistic to me. Also I was able to see voodoo in action which was a beyond amazing experience. It was defiantly something I will never forget. Well I’m off to the market with some of the group. We’re having a special dinner for one of the girl’s birthdays. Write soon. xoxo Gabi

26: Boarding the Plane [Photo]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2461/3738845367_1ea927f97f.jpg This picture was found on Flickr. It does not help my research at all, it’s just for decoration. Boy eating [Photo]. (2009, June 5). Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/54238222@N00/4173260176/ I found this picture through the school databases. It does not answer a question, I’m using this picture for decoration. Charles, J. (2011, September 23). To soon for UN peacekeepers to leave. The Miami Herald, article. Retrieved from http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/09/23/v-print/2421921/martelly-too-soon-for-un-peacekeepers.html I found this article through the school databases. The author is reliable because it is a public news paper from Miami and it was found through a school database. The article talks about how Haiti was thinking of taking away peacekeepers because of apparent accuses of rape and other things. But president of Haiti decided that Haiti isn’t in a area of where they can take them away, but they can cut down. Charles, J. (2011, October 5). Haiti’s new PM wants to inspire hope. The Miami Herald, article. Retrieved from http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/10/05/v-print/2440614/haitis-new-pm-wants-to-inspire.html This article talks about the Haiti’s new Prime Minister Garry Conille. He was elected on October 4th, 2011 and since then has had the goal of fixing Haiti and inspiring hope in his people. Conille plans to change the fact that twenty-one months after the unforgettable 2010 earthquake, Haiti is still a humanitarian crisis. The numbers of people living under ripped tents and the cases of cholera that have swept the area have grown immensely. As new Prime Minister Mr. Conille plans to change that. Charles, J. (2011, October 19). Haiti turns to vaccinations a year after cholera struck. The Miami Herald, artical. Retrieved from http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/10/19/v-print/2462505/haiti-turns-to-vaccinations-a.html This article is about the huge vaccination program that is hoped to cut down the cases of cholera in Haiti. Recent studies have shown that more then 6,400 Haitians are dead and more then 455,700 are infected. The goal of Haiti’s health ministry and the GHESKIO Center is to give over 100,00 Haitians living in vulnerable communities oral vaccine to hopefully cut down the victims of this outbreak. Although this would be a amazing achievement the international community is creating a challenge with paying for the vaccine because it is $1.85 per dose and the United Nations has had extreme difficulty to raise the $300 million for the cholera outreach. Hopefully this can be resolved and the hopeless people of Haiti can have one less thing to suffer from. Charles, J., Rosenburg, C., Cyril Ressoir, J., & Yanez, L. (Eds.). (2011, April 20). Another Cruel Blow. Retrieved from http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/04/20/v-print/2177025/another-cruel-blow.html I found this article through the school databases. The author is reliable because it is a public news paper from Miami and it was found through a school database. This article talks about he horrific earthquake that hit Port-au-Prince in Haiti in January of 2010. The earthquake was 7.0 with hours of shocks continuing afterwards.

27: Church [Photo]. (2010, August 2). Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/19998197@N00/6100163000/in/pool-1332032@N21/ This photo was found threw the school databases and the copyright-friendly search engine. The author is David G-H, which is a photographer who went to Haiti to help with relief work. This photo helps my project because it shows what a Haitian church looks like, and even though to people who may have everything this little house looks like nothing, but to the people of Haiti it is where they can go to pray and feel some comfort. Clothing [Photo]. (2008, April). Retrieved from http://online.culturegrams.com/gallery/albumindex.php?useraid=22&index=17&refername=Haiti&referid= I found my source from culture grams. The author of the photo is Culture grams, and it’s a reliable source because it is a school recommended database. The photo answered the question what kind of shoes Haitians wear. Enfant soleil d’Avenir [Photo]. (2010, August 5). Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/esaphotos/6012286057/in/pool-1332032@N21/ I found this picture through the school databases and this picture is more for effect then to help with questioning. Et mltid for Haiti [Photo]. (2010, January 21). Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/31934906@N05/4312219488/ I found this picture threw the school databases, I used the search engine Flickr Blue mountain. The author is unknown but they are a reliable source because the picture was found threw the school databases. This picture answer the question of what the food looks like, also what the food is. The most popular diet through out Haiti is a form of rice and beans. Fishing [Photo]. (2008, May). Retrieved from http://online.culturegrams.com/gallery/albumindex.php?useraid=22&index=19&refername=Haiti&referid= My source is Culture Grams. There is no author, but the picture was found at Culture Grams and that is a reliable source because it was school recommended. The picture answers the question, that this is a type of fishing for Haitians. Globe [Photo]. (2010, January 16). Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/elycefeliz/4280341274/ Found this picture through school databases. Is only being used for decoration Hair styling [Photo]. (2008, July). Retrieved from http://online.culturegrams.com/gallery/albumindex.php?useraid=22&index=20&refername=Haiti&referid= There is no author, but the picture was found at Culture Grams and that is a reliable source because it was school recommended. This picture informs my research because I learned that Haitians pay extremely close attention to appearance.

28: Haitian artwork [Painting]. (2006, February 1). Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/99648647@N00/94135675/ I found this picture through the school databases and Flickr.com. I do not know the author but the picture is reliable because it was found through the school. This picture helps the question of, what does the artwork look like that is done in Haiti. This shows the artistic talent that lives in Haiti. Haitian currency [Photo]. (2009, June 4). Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/46819606@N03/4748473772/ I found my source throw the school databases and the copy-friendly pictures. The author of this picture is unknown because it’s currency. They are a reliable source because I found them threw the school website. This answers the question of what does Haitian currency look like. Haitian sculpture from recycled oil drum [Photo]. (2010, February 13). Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/45843031@N08/4353583469/ This is a photo taken of a sculpture that was created completely out of recycled oil drum. Haiti from above [Photo]. (2008, August 29). Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/19998197@N00/2809164102/ Found this picture through the school databases, it is only being used for decoration. Does not answer any important question to the project. Haiti from above part two [Photo]. (2008, August 29). Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/19998197@N00/2809165882/sizes/z/in/photostream/ Found this picture through the school database. Does not answer any question involving the project, just being used for decoration. Housing [Photo]. (2008, May). Retrieved from http://online.culturegrams.com/gallery/albumindex.php?useraid=22&index=21&refername=Haiti&referid= I found my source from culture grams. The author of the photo is Culture grams, and it’s a reliable source because it is a school recommended database. The photo helps my research because it shows the houses that families and there children live in. Also I learned that the homes are made of nothing more then cinder-block, and tin roofs. Immigration act (1924) [Document]. (1924). Retrieved from http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/308957?terms=Haiti This is the Immigration Act of 1924, in this document the word Haiti is only stated once. Its mentioned in section four of the document and the reasoning is because in this section Haiti is apart of the group of Non-Quota Immigrants. This means that Haiti is included in the group that is to be ignored by this document, as in they are not subjected by the restrictions of the Immigration Act of 1924

29: Khan, A. (2011, October 3). Dollar by dollar, a sixth-grader builds a village in haiti. Miami Herald, article. Retrieved from http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/10/03/2433287/dollar-by-dollar-a-sixth-grader.html I found this article through the school databases. The author is reliable because it is a public news paper from Miami and it was found through a school database. This article talks about a girl, Rachel Wheeler, a sixth grader who raised enough money to build a village in Haiti. She recently went to Haiti to see the village she created with her hard work and determination. Market [Photo]. (2008, May). Retrieved from http://online.culturegrams.com/gallery/albumindex.php?useraid=22&index=1&refername=Haiti&referid= I found my source from culture grams. The author of the photo is Culture grams, and it’s a reliable source because it is a school recommended database. This photo answers the question, what did the shopping area’s look like in Haiti. Rubble [Photo]. (2010, September 22). Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/canadian_redcross/5143004885/ I found this picture through the school databases. It answer and shows the question of what does Port-au-Prince look like now after the devastating earthquake in 2010. This is just one of the many places destroyed by the earthquake. Rubble from above [Photo]. (2010, January 12). Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/ifrc/4273274601/ Found this picture through the school databases. The author is the Red Cross, this picture was taken on there relief trip to help with what every they could in Haiti after the earthquake. This also shows the destruction of the earthquake to homes in Haiti. School-Day meal [Photo]. (2008, May). Retrieved from http://online.culturegrams.com/gallery/albumindex.php?useraid=22&index=4&refername=Haiti&referid= I found my source from culture grams. The author of the photo is Culture grams, and it’s a reliable source because it is a school recommended database. This picture helps my research because it shows what the lunch area’s look like during school. Also I learned that the foods children eat during school was donated by World Food Program. Shoe shiners [Photo]. (2006, May). Retrieved from http://online.culturegrams.com/gallery/albumindex.php?useraid=22&index=6&refername=Haiti&referid= I found my source from culture grams. The author of the photo is Culture grams, and it’s a reliable source because it is a school recommended database. This photo helps me to see some of the jobs that are offered in Haiti.

30: Slums [Photo]. (1998, October). Retrieved from http://online.culturegrams.com/gallery/albumindex.php?searchstring=&index=7&useraid=22&refername=The%20Americas&referid=3 I found my source from culture grams. The author of the photo is Culture grams, and it’s a reliable source because it is a school recommended database. This photo shows the living conditions of Haitians. It’s upsetting to see the homes that families and children have to live in. Soccer game [Photo]. (2006, February). Retrieved from http://online.culturegrams.com/gallery/albumindex.php?useraid=22&index=8&refername=Haiti&referid= I found my source from culture grams. The author of the photo is Culture grams, and it’s a reliable source because it is a school recommended database. This image shows a common past time for children and teenagers in Haiti. I learned that most children beginning playing soccer, the most popular sport in Haiti, at a young age. Stuggling with HIV [Photo]. (2005, March). Retrieved from http://online.culturegrams.com/gallery/albumindex.php?useraid=22&index=10&refername=Haiti&referid= I found my source from culture grams. The author of the photo is Culture grams, and it’s a reliable source because it is a school recommended database. This picture shows a mother and her three daughters. I learned from this picture that not only the women but her late husband carried HIV. Research helped show that HIV is one of the most leading causes of death within Haiti. Treaty of Versailles [document]. (n.d.). Retrieved from ABC-CLIO website: http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/309266?terms=Haiti This document includes Haiti by saying they were one of the “original members of the League of Nations Signatories of the Treaty of Peace”. In the section it mentions that the amendments of the treaty will effect the ratified members of the treaty of peace. Voodoo suit [Photo]. (2010, August 11). Retrieved from http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4130/5005880904_7a94244f60.jpg This photo was found threw Flickr Blue mountain. The other is unknown and its reliable because I found it using a school database. This helps my question, what are the artifacts of Haiti. The picture shows a suit used for voodoo rituals, which in Haiti, is a very big deal. They take spirits and such extremely important. Water trip [Photo]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://farm6.static.flickr.com/5254/5535039330_bd1d53843e.jpg I found my source from culture grams. The author of the photo is Culture grams, and it’s a reliable source because it is a school recommended database. This picture answers the question, how do Haitians get some of there food. The answer is fishing.

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