S: HUG 2010: Traveling Through Greece
BC: "True wisdom comes to each of us when we realize how little we understand about life, ourselves and the world around us." - Socrates
FC: HUG Fall 2010: Traveling in Greece
1: During the fall semester of 2010, our HUG group had the opportunity to travel together all throughout Greece. We visited various places in the Peloponnese, and Northern Greece. We went on a Greek Isle cruise, and also explored Delphi, Mount Olympus, and Brauron. Here is a small record of our travels... | "The unexamined life is not worth living." -Socrates
2: The Peloponnese Trip | The Corinthian Canal connecting the Ionic Sea to the Aegean Sea | Early in the morning, we set out to cross the Corinthian Canal and head to the Peloponnese. There, we saw ruins in Ishtmia, Corinth, Cenchrae, Epidarus, and Mycenae, and spent an afternoon wandering around Naphlion before returning home to Porto Rafti.
3: Isthmia | "Youth is the best time to be rich, and the best time to be poor." -Euripedes | Isthmia was our first stop. It was a panhellenic city where the Olympic games took place every four years to honor Poseidon. Besides the ruins of a temple to Poseidon, we saw well-preserved Roman baths and the first starting line for foot races. | Monica and Mrs. Beth resting on the mosaic at the baths | Kalie and Lia super excited to be somewhere | Dr. James and Swayne ready to test the starting line | Darah taking a break on the mosaic floor to record some notes | The group in front of the mosaic floor of the giant bathing pool. These are some of the best preserved Roman baths in the world.
4: Climbing the Acrocorinth | Girl's picture at the top while standing in the midst of the sparse ruins of Aphrodite's temple on the Acrocorinth. | Emily, Kalie, Mari and Lydia sitting on the wall of one of the various structures built on the Acrocorinth with the expansive countryside behind them | Elinor and I with modern day Corinth behind us | This was one of the harder climbs we accomplished as the Acrocorinth is a very steep hill and one of the most defensible positions in Greece, hence all the various walls and structures added over time as more and more people have used it as a stronghold.
5: After a climb up to the acropolis of Corinth, we visited the ruins of Corinth itself. We walked on ancient Roman roads and visited the bema in front of which Paul once stood. We also saw the Temple of Apollo's famous monolithic columns before taking a break at the playground. Emily, Kim, and Kalie enjoyed the swing set while Lydia, Elinor, Austa, and Darah had a bit too much fun on that contraption... | Corinth | "Not life, but good life, is to be chiefly valued." -Socrates
6: Harbor at Cenchrae | Early the next morning, we visited the remains of the Corinthian harbor town, Cenchrae. Here we saw ruins of a basilica (lower left) and a Temple of Isis (upper and lower right). | "Wisdom begins in wonder." -Socrates
7: Naphlion | Emilie, Toby, and I almost getting squished by a truck too wide to be driving on those narrow streets. | Elinor and Sam at the precious restaurant at which we ate. It was delicious and off the beaten path. | Lia's graceful flight back to the bus after lunch | One one of the days, we visited Naphlion to tour modern Greece's first capitol city. After the tour, we were allowed to explore on our own for a bit and find somewhere for lunch.
8: Epidaurus | Some of our group giving an example of the dithyramb rhythmic clapping as the slowly step out. The clapping was amplified perfectly all throughout the theater by the acoustics of the half circle shape. | A statue of Asklepios, the god of healing. The snake was his symbol, and one of the symbols of healing and regeneration because of their molting process. This is also one of the reasons the snake is still on the Caduceus, the modern medical symbol.
9: Epidaurus was an ancient healing site dedicated to the god of healing, Asklepios. A very well preserved theater remains, as well as ruins of the hospital, hotel, and Olympic stadium. | "What you leave behind is not what is engraved in stone monuments, but what is woven into the lives of others." -Pericles
10: Palamidi | Nick, Sam, and Elinor giving their Victoria's Secret poses.
11: We got to climb around in this Venetian castle in Naphlion for a few hours. We explored every it from the tallest heights to the deepest dungeons. | To the left, Elinor and I crawling out of the dungeon. Bottom right: Dr. James, Sam, Nick, Me, Rachel, and Samantha all acting like we are forlorn in prison. Top right: Nick, Elinor, and I climbing. | "Not what we have, but what we enjoy constitutes our abundance." -Epicurus
12: Mycenae | "An honest man is always a child." -Socrates
13: Mycenae | more people pictures? | At this site of early proto-Greek civilization, we walked around the archaeological dig. We saw the Lion's Gate (top left) and we able to climb down into the water cistern (top and bottom right). Then we went into the museum where we saw the famed Mask of Agamemnon (probably not actually his mask) and examples of Linear A and B script. After the Mycenae dig site, we drove down the road a bit and got to see a tholos (or beehive) tomb, common in this region.
14: We headed to Piraeus, the port city of Athens, for the send off of a three day cruise through the Greek Islands. We went to Mykonos, Ephesus, Patmos, Crete, and Santorini. | Darah, Elinor, Nick, Sam, me, and Kalie all ready for any disaster after our mandatory lifeboat check (left). And Tyler, me, Elinor, and Nick posing for pictures after the formal night. Elinor tried to make things uncomfortable for me...
15: The Greek Island Cruise | Playing mafia at the dinner table (top left and middle right). Sitting around waking to disembark for our adventures on shore (top right, middle left, bottom)
17: We got into Mykonos just in time for the sunset, and were allowed to just wander and explore for the rest of the evening. We definitely enjoyed ourselves, making sure to take plenty of pictures. | "The object of education is to teach us the love of beauty." -Plato
18: This giant pelican is well known around the island. All of us posed around the island and windmills before heading off to dinner (bottom middle). | "Friendship is a single soul dwelling in two bodies." -Aristotle
20: Early in the morning, we debarked to tour the ruins of Ephesus in Turkey, some of the best preserved ruins of the ancient world. We saw an incredible library, well lit by the sunrise, and the temple and theater Paul described in Acts.
21: "Love is all we have, the only way that we can help the other." -Euripedes | We apparently had to immediately sit on the ancient public toilets. Darah made it a memorable moment by shouting out, "Nick, spread your legs so we can see the hole." Hence the faces in the picture to the left.
22: Conor couldn't resist messing up our photo for Stephanie... | "Without friends no one would choose to live, though he had all other goods." -Aristotle
23: Here at this theater, we all sat around and listened to Dr. Manor read the passage in Acts that described the riots started by followers of Artemis here in Ephesus. Unfortunately, there is not much left of the famed Temple to Artemis, one of the great wonders of the ancient world.
24: After an eventful morning in the ruins of Ephesus, we went to modern day Kusadasi, about twenty miles away. We were able to wander in the market area before going to a Turkish rug store for a demonstration. | Kusadasi | "Leave no stone unturned." -Euripedes
25: Patmos | That afternoon, we sailed to the island of Patmos, where the Apostle John was exiled to and wrote Revelation. We went to the cave where Revelation was supposedly written, as well as a monastery in the area. Mandie ended up talking to a monk who used to be an actor for a long time.
26: Minoa and Heraklion, Crete | Crete is the largest of the Greek islands. Here we went to Minoa, the ancient proto-Greek civilization. Here we learned that Minoa may have been the source for the legends of the labyrinth and minotaur. After touring Minoa, where no one was really paying attention, we went into Heraklion for a bit of shopping. Emily and Lydia posing at Minoa on the bottom. Emilie and Kari doing something funky in the middle. And then several of us for a nice picture, except for me as I was yawning, on the top.
27: Riding Donkeys up the Cliff to Santorini | Keith and Heather | Me very nervously petting the donkey up the cliff saying, "Good donkey." | Elinor, Dr. Manor, and I | "Seek not, my soul, the life of the immortals; but enjoy to the full the resources that are within they reach." -Pindar
28: Santorini | Santorini was just free time to wander and shop and enjoy ourselves. Santorini is an island with a unique shape and cliff structure because of a volcanic eruption. Conor gave us a Victoria's Secret pose above. The trifecta (Nick, me, and Tyler) below overlooking the island. Then Ashely, Skyler, me, and Nick on the boat back to the ship.
29: Northern Greece | The guys giving a manly pose. | The Lion of Amphipolis | Our first stop was the monument for the Battle of Thermopylae. | This was where the 300 Spartans made their last stand against the Persians | "Go tell the Spartans, strangers passing by that here obedient to their laws we lie." -Epitaph of Simonedes
30: Dion | This was an area dedicated to the gods, particularly Zeus. We were given lots of time to wander and enjoy the ruins amidst the fall beauty of Northern Greece. It was nicknamed Narnia. | Elinor is paying attention; Emilie is | laughing; Conor is creeping.
31: Berea | We quickly visited the bema of Berea, which is only mentioned in the Bible once, but in a positive light. Here, Bereans searched the Scriptures in pursuit of truth. | Emilie, Elinor, me, and Darah posing in front of the shrine dedicated to Paul | "The secret of happiness is freedom. The secret of freedom is courage." -Thucydides
32: pella/thessaloniki | Pella | This was the hometown of Alexander the Great. It is also known for several beautiful mosaic floors. It also rained while we walked outside. Elinor asked me before we left the bus if we should grab our raincoats. I said no because I thought we would be fine. We were not. Hence the very upset face from her. | Thessaloniki | Here we just drove through the modern city and looked at some of the remaining ruins which still remain above ground before walking through a museum. The white tower there had to be painted white to cover the blood from all of the Turkish executions when they occupied Greece. This was also our last day with our favorite bus driver, George. He could pull off some crazy maneuvers.
33: Lydia's Baptismal | Just lots of pictures at the site that is said to be where Lydia was baptized. | "People are like dirt. They nourish you and help you grow as a person." -Plato
34: Philippi | "Happiness resides not in possessions and not in gold; happiness dwells in the soul." - Democritus
35: We went to the ruins of Philippi, a Roman military colony to which Paul ministered to. Before it was a place for old Roman soldiers to retire, Macedonians lived in the area and mined nearby. This is said to be where Philip II and Olympia (Alexander the Great's parents) met, married, and conceived Alexander. Here we saw two major basilicas, a theater, old Roman roads, a baptistry, and a prison where Paul may have stayed (bottom left corner on last page). This area was beautiful.
36: We made a day trip up to Delphi, the ancient site of the famed Oracle, a priestess of Apollo. Here we saw several well-preserved ruins and the huge temple to Apollo. | Mandy gazing at the view from Mount Parnassus | Darah, Emilie, and Elinor | Looking up the temple wall at the columns | Walking up the main way
37: delphi | Delphi | Above is the wall in which freed slaves inscribed their names so as to make a record of their freedom and to thank Apollo. | Apollo's Temple | A tribute from Athens after defeating the Persians | A picture for Madison of course :)
38: After Constantine made the Roman Empire a Christianized state, there was only one emperor who refused to comply. Julian the Apostate tried to turn Rome back to paganism, but try as he may, he could not. He visited the Oracle at Delphi to see if Apollo was still speaking and could give him advice, but only an old, haggard looking woman was found there and the temple was in ruins, the last prophecy to be given to Theodosius in the late 300s A.D.: "Tell the king; the fair wrought house has fallen. No shelter has Apollo, nor sacred laurel leaves; The fountains are now silent; the voices stilled. It is finished." | Conor and I bonding over wandering through forbidden areas. | Columns from Apollo's Temple | Conor, Darah, and Emilie walking down the main way
39: Julian failed at eradicating Christianity in Rome. His last words are said to be: | "Behold, that Galilean has conquered!" | History Majors! | The Slave Wall again | Future suitemates! | The girls with Mount Parnassus in the background
40: Climbing Mount Olympus | Swayne, me, Conor, Tyler, Nick, Kalie, Austa, Samantha, Sam, Kari, Elinor, Emilie, Darah, Mari, Heather, and Lia all decided to climb Mount Olympus. We left very. very early in the morning for a six-hour bus ride up there and then a 10 km hike up to the refuge where we would stay the night. Early the next morning, we climb to the first peak before rushing all the way back down to catch our bus ride back home. | Before the exhausting hike | Our matching shirts
41: "The nature of God is a circle of which the center is everywhere and the circumference is nowhere." - Empedocles | We were blessed to see many beautiful sights along the way. The fall colors were brilliant.
42: We had to take several breaks along the way.
43: Warming up at the refuge before bed | A beautiful sunrise lighting up one of the peaks of Mount Olympus | After a very cold night, we were up early and ready to go
44: Trudging up to the summit | The rain clouds approaching | "Let him that would move the world...
45: Conor showing off his tribute to the Olympians, but with a Roman name (top right). After a much longer and harder hike than anticipated, we finally made it to the first peak. The view was incredible and made it all worth the effort. Oh the memories :) | We started the long hike back down in the late morning, and had lunch at the refuge. It was a hurried trip back down to beat the rain. We were just getting back when it started to downpour. Thank goodness we didn't get too wet. For most of us though, the next few days were the sorest of our lives. | "... first move himself." -Socrates
46: Brauron | Brauron was very close to the HUG campus and was an ancient center of worship to Artemis, for whom our hotel was named after. | The temple's priestesses were women and children who had been given in tribute to Artemis, the goddess of the hunt, virginity, and the moon. | Several artifacts relating to the home and family have been found here. There was also a basilica on the premises.
47: The day before we participated in the 2500th anniversary of the marathon in Athens, we visited the site of the Battle of Marathon, where Athenians held off the mighty Persian Empire's force to protect them and the rest of Greece. The mound is the burial site of the 129 Athenians who perished in battle. Thousands of Persians died. Phidipides ran the 26 miles back to Athens to announce their victory, thus marking the event commemorated by racing marathons. | Marathon