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ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features

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ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features - Page Text Content


1: A Archipelago A group of islands Chagos Archipelago, south of India, Indian Ocean Did you know? The Chagos Islands have 8 islands. Only one island is inhabited; Diego Garcia. All three islands are owned by the UK.

2: B Butte A single hill with steep sides and a flat top | Courthouse Rock, United States, North America Did you know? The rock is located in Platte River Valley. It is named after a courthouse in St. Louis. It is only 12 miles away from the famous "Chimney Rock".

3: C Cape A sandy peninsula | Bay of Fundy, Canada, North America

4: D Desert A dry, barren area of land | Sahara Desert, spreads on countries of Morocco, Mali, Algeria, Tunisia, Niger, Libya, Chad, Egypt and Sudan, North Africa | Did you know? The Sahara is larger than the continental United States. It is 3.5 million miles large! The Sahara has the hottest ever recorded temperature on Earth; 138 degrees Fahrenheit.

5: E Escarpment A long, steep slope, usually by a plateau. | Abert Rim, United States, North America

6: F Flood Plain A low area near a river, subject to flooding | Gator Creek, United States, North America

7: G Glacier A slow moving mass of ice | Perito Moreno Glacier, Argentina, South America | Did you know? The glacier is 3 miles wide. It is on average 197 feet high. It covers 97 sq. miles.

8: H Highlands An area of high or alpine land | Scottish Highlands, Scotland, Europe

9: I Island A piece of land surrounded by water | Ellis Island, United States, North America | Did you know? Ellis Island was expanded artificially in the 19th century. It was a processing station for immigrants into the US. In 1907, more than one million people had passed through its doors.

10: J Fjord A narrow and deep inlet of the sea between high cliffs | Geiranger Fjord, Norway, England

11: K Lake A large body of water surrounded by land. | Lake Michigan, United States, North America Did you know? Lake Michigan is the third largest Great Lake by surface area. It is the sixth largest freshwater lake in the world. It is 279 feet deep.

12: L Lagoon | A stretch of salt water separated from the sea

13: M Marsh A area of low land that is flooded in the wet season | Donana National Park, Andalusia, Europe

14: N Mountain A large elevation of the Earth's surface | Mt. McKinley, United States, North America Did you know? The mountain is named after president William McKinley. It is 20,320 feet high. It is sometimes called "The Summit of America."

15: O Oasis A rich spot in a desert where water is found | Al-Hasa region, Saudia Arabia, Asia

16: P Plain A large area of flat land with little trees | Plains of Sichuan, China, Asia

17: Q Aquifer A body of rock that can contain or transmit water. | Edwards Aquifer, United States, North America

18: R Rainforest A fertile, dense forest containing many species of animals.

19: S Sea An expanse of salt water that covers most of Earth's surface.

20: T Tundra A vast, treeless Arctic region

21: U Plateau An area of high level ground.

22: W Waterfall | A rapid of water falling from a height.

23: Y Geyser A hot spring where water boils, sometimes sending a column of water into the air.

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  • By: Sheldon P.
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  • Title: ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features
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  • Published: about 8 years ago