FC: Anglo-Saxon Language
1: Honors English/ Paul First period Amanda Metcalf
2: Old English, or englisc, is the earliest form of the English language that was mostly spoken in Modern day England and South-eastern Scotland. This language was most prevalent between at least the mid5th century and the mid 12th century.
3: This language has Germanic, Latin, Norse, and Celtic influences. It was used for approximately 700 years starting with the Anglo-Saxon migrations that started England in the 5th century and roughly ending some time after the Norman Conquest in 1066.
4: The most important part of shaping Englisc was the way its Germanic origins influenced vocabulary, sentence structure, and grammar. | Similar to the other Germanic languages of this time, Old English had five grammatical cases. Nominative, Accusative, genitive, dative, and instrumental.
5: Since most of the population of this time period were more highly competent in Latin than any other language, it was only normal that Latin would become a big influence on Englisc. | Latin influence on the Anglo Saxon language can most be seen through the use of Latin words such as militia or assembly.
6: Norse, or Scandinavian, was the second biggest contributer to the Anglo Saxon language with words. Its influence gave great addition to names of places and to basic items of vocabulary. | The influence of Old Norse is the reason why words such as sky, leg, the very form of are, and the pronoun they are part of the Englisc language.
7: Celtic Influence on the Anglo Saxon Language is said to be very small. The number of words that the Celtic language actually gave to Old English is very low, especially in comparison to that of Latin and Norse influences.
8: Unlike modern day English, old English was spelled mostly as it sounded. Studies have caused the majority of people to believe that the word order of old English was subject, verb, then object; similar to that of modern day English. However, the word order was not nearly as important to the Anglo Saxons as it is to us.
9: Old English was one of the first Vernacular languages to be written down. Examples of surviving works of Old English consist of Beowulf, Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and Caedmon's Hymn. Many works of Old English during this time were biblical translations, poems, or some form of church translation. With the exception of Bede and Caedmon, many authors were unknown or anonymous.
10: According to Bede, the Anglo- Saxons originated from Germania, a term used by the Romans, a land east of the Rhine and north of the Danube. This gives explanation to the family of which their language branched from, which was an Indo- European family of languages. This in turn explains the broad range of influences in which shaped the overall language of the Anglo-Saxons.