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Anna Freud

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BC: Anna Freud was renowned as a famous child psychologist during the 1900’s. Anna was a woman who was extremely passionate and driven by psychology. She specifically enjoyed working with children and adolescents. Anna found great pleasure in supporting and devoting her time to those, particular children who were suffering emotionally. | Anna published numerous books and worked amongst some of the most experienced psychologists throughout her time including her very own father Sigmund Freud, who played an extremely significant part throughout her life journey. Anna Freud’s life story shows how perseverance, hard work, love and support can truly inspire you to succeed in life. Hopefully you can be inspired too... | “I was always looking outside myself for strength and confidence but it comes from within. It is there all the time” - Anna Freud

FC: written by Josephine Fragiacomo | The life of Anna Freud Child Psychologist | “Sometimes the most beautiful thing is precisely the one that comes unexpectedly and unearned” - Anna Freud

1: To my dearest friend Dorothy Burlingham and my motherly role model Nurse Josephine, without your overwhelming support and love throughout my profession I wouldn't be who I am today, your own aspirations and guidance has inspired me to devote my time to assisting children who are suffering and continue to live on with my passion for psychology to help others. | To my dearest father Sigmund Freud who was an incredible Austrian neurologist, who founded the discipline of psychoanalysis. He was my inspiration to follow my passion for psychology and specialise in child psychoanalysis without him my future would not have been complete. Until we meet again, love always, Yours truly, Anna Freud xx

2: “Anna Freud provided stability and opportunities for suffering children who were homeless or mentally ill". She provided awareness and improved psychoanalysis amongst children. Anna Freud made important contributions to psychology and founded child psychoanalysis". | Full Name: Erik Erikson Born: 15 June 1902 Died: 12 May 1994 (aged 91) Citizenship: American Fields: Danish-German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst Renowned For: Theory on social development of human beings Main Influences: Sigmund Freud, Anna Freud | Yours sincerely, Erik Erikson xx

3: The significance of Anna Freud's work... | “Anna Freud was renowned for her ability to pass on her knowledge of child psychology through her teaching and training courses for many American child psychologists and other practitioners, analytic therapies and counselling, lectures and through her several published and awarded books, which are still well known today and can be purchased around the world". “Anna Freud had a profound influence on my profession in psychology, she inspired me to persevere even when time were tough and believed in me to pursue my passion to learn more the field of psychoanalysis, specifically towards ego psychology”. | “How one can live without being able to judge oneself, criticize what one has accomplished, and still enjoy what one does, is unimaginable to me” - Anna Freud

4: Contents Personal Life and Family - page 5 Area of Perspective and Expertise - page 6 School Background - page 7 Gallery - page 8, 9 Experiments and Trials - page 10, 11 Bibliography - page 12 Field of Psychology - page 13 What Happened to Them? - page 14, 15, 16, 17 Medea Case Study - page 18, 19

5: Anna Freud was born on December 3, 1895, in Vienna, Austria and died on October 9, 1982, in London, England. Anna was born and raised in Vienna, Austria where she grew up with her father and mother, Sigmund and Martha Freud. Anna was the youngest of five siblings. Anna was extremely close to her father, Sigmund Freud, however unfortunately was not as close to her mother, Martha Freud and considered her relationship to be awfully difficult and miserable during her early childhood years. Fortunately for Anna she was motherly nurtured by their Catholic nurse Josephine, who played a significant and influential role in her life growing up. | Personal Life and Family

6: Later Anna focused her passion for psychology on psychoanalytic child psychology and became the founder of this specific field. She dedicated her time to understanding and contributing to the research of child psychology. | During Anna’s early adulthood, even though she continued to struggle to gain a close relationship with her mother and siblings, she was incredibly close to her father and followed in his footsteps by continuing the newly born field of psychoanalysis. | “She devoted her life to protecting her father's legacy”–- unknown | Area of expertise

7: School Background | Anna attended a private school in Vienna, but it is known that she learnt very little from the experience. Anna learnt the majority of her knowledge through the teachings of both her father and his associates.

10: Anna Freud based her experiments and trials on more practical studies. The scientific method was not used as she didn’t primarily focus on the theory of psychology. Instead Anna used empirical evidence which was collecting data directly through observation or experimentation. | Experiments and Trials | “I am reminded of something my father said when he spoke of how we bring up our children. He said we supply them with a map of the Italian lakes and send them to the North Pole - Anna Freud

11: Her devotion was to children and adolescents and committed most of her energy to counselling, observing, recording of experimentation and improving her findings through replication. | Anna Freud was a woman of dedication

12: Boeree, Dr. C. George (1998) Personality Theories Anna Freud (online), (assessed 1 March 2011) Cherry, Kendra (2011) Anna Freud Biography 1895-1982 (online), (assessed 1 March 1, 2011) Cherry, Kendra (2005) Psychology (online), (assessed 1 March 2011) Woolf, Linda M (2008) Women's Intellectual Contributions to the Study of Mind and Society (online), (assessed 1 March 2011) Grivas, J and Carter, L. (2010) 5th Edition Psychology for the VCE Student Units 1 & 2, Milton, Queensland. Uploaded by Fi3021. (2007) Freud Psychoanalysis (online), (assessed 8 March 2011) Encyclopedia of World Biography. (2004) “Anna Freud” (online), (assessed 8 March 2011) The Carter-Jenkins Centre. (2005) Anna Freud (online), (assessed 9 March 2011) Google Images “Anna Freud” (online), (assessed 9 March 2011) | Bibliography

13: Anna Freud's Field of Psychology | Anna Freud was the founder of child psychoanalysis however in today's society child psychology is still very well known and has continued to develop over time. Today child psychologists continue to observe children, use individual and group counseling and therapy techniques to assist children suffering emotional illnesses due to past or present experiences.

14: What Happened to Anna Freud? | After high school Anna firstly began teaching at an elementary school translating some of her father’s work into German. This was very beneficial for Anna as she has a real interest in child psychoanalysis she decided even though she was heavily influenced by her father’s work she did not want to follow in his shadow the rest of her life. Anna decided to earn a higher degree and in 1923 foundered her own children’s psychoanalytic practice in Vienna, Austria.During 1938 Anna was interrogated by the Gestapo and soon after escaped to London with her father. Around five years later Anna formed the Hampstead Nursery with Dorothy Burlington. The Hampstead Nursery provided a service and a home to homeless children and specialised as a psychoanalytic program for those suffering.

15: Through the years at the nursery, Anna gained much experience with children and became inspired to write her experiences and knowledge for others. Soon after Anna wrote three books, young children in wartime (1942), Infants without families and war and children (1943). | Anna Freud | Twos years later Anna decided to close the Hampstead Nursery and furthermore created the Hampstead child therapy course and clinic which she managed as director from 1952 until 1982 when she passed away. From the 1950’s to her death Anna travelled frequently to the United States to teach at seminars, lecture at universities and visit friends.

16: In the early 1970’s she was concerned with the emotionally deprived and socially disadvantaged matters amongst children and studied delays in development. | Soon after in 1982 Freud died and was cremated, her ashes were placed in a marble shelf and is still today buried next to her lifelong friend Dorothy Burlingham, her parents and several other members of the Freud family. | Three years later Anna published her final book with Joseph Goldstein and Albert Solnit on children and the law, which was published as interests of the child (1973).

17: Anna Freud's Story | In 1984 the Hampstead Clinic was renamed the Anna Freud Centre. Furthermore her home in London for forty years was in 1986, as she had wished, transformed into the Freud Museum, dedicated to her father and the psychoanalytical society. | One year after Anna’s death a publication of her collected works appeared. She was mentioned as "A passionate and inspirational teacher".

18: As readers through the tragic downfall of Medea, we witness a woman who portrays extreme behavioural and emotional destruction. Anna would have treated Medea by providing her with intensive counselling and psychoanalysis. | Anna was incredibly eager to make people aware of how severe emotional illnesses’ throughout adolescence were.

19: If this had been the case during the early 1940’s Anna Freud may have also treated Medea by admitting her to her Hampstead Nursery. This program was a service provided for those suffering emotional difficulties and would have provided Medea with the love and support to move on with her life. | As Medea shows what the consequences may be when an individual’s emotions are extreme and clearly unchecked, Anna would have made people aware of her condition by additional research and lecturing others.

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