FC: Argumentative Essay By:Ivana Laprebendere and Soledad Stefani
1: Argumentative essays In persuasive or argumentative writing, we try to convince others to agree with our facts, share our values, accept our argument and conclusions, and adopt our way of thinking.
2: Elements toward building a good persuasive essay include: | -Prioritizing, editing, and/or sequencing the facts and values in importance to build the argument
3: -Establishing facts to support an argument -Clarifying relevant values for your audience (perspective)
4: -Forming and stating conclusions -Having the confidence to communicate your "persuasion" in writing
5: -"Persuading" your audience that your conclusions are based upon the agreed-upon facts and shared values
6: Strategies to complete a persuasive writing assignment: | Write out the questions in your own words.
7: Determine: -Facts -What you think of the author's argument
8: -Any sources that will help you determine their reliability (as well as for further reference)
9: -What prejudices lie in the argument or values that color the facts or the issue
10: List out facts consider their importance: -Prioritize -Edit -Sequence -Discard, etc.
11: Ask yourself: "What's missing?"
12: What are the "hot buttons" of the issue?
13: List possible emotions/emotional reactions and recognize them for later use.
14: Start writing a draft! -Start as close as possible to your reading/research -Do not concern yourself with grammar or spelling
15: Write your first paragraph -Introduce the topic -Inform the reader of your point of view! -Entice the reader to continue with the rest of the paper! -Focus on three main points to develop
16: -Establish flow from paragraph to paragraph -Keep your voice active -Quote sources to establish authority -Stay focused on your point of view throughout the essay -Focus on logical arguments -Don't lapse into summary in the development--wait for the conclusion
17: Conclusion: -Summarize, then conclude, your argument -Refer to the first paragraph/opening statement as well as the main points: -does the conclusion restate the main ideas? -reflect the succession and importance of the arguments -logically conclude their development?
18: -Edit/rewrite the first paragraph to better telegraph your development and conclusion. -Edit, correct, and re-write as necessary -Check spelling and grammar -Revise if necessary -Celebrate a job well done, with the confidence that you have done your best
19: How to respond to criticism: Consider criticism as a test of developing your powers of persuasion. Try not to take it personally
20: If your facts are criticized, double check them, and then cite your sources. If your values are criticized, sometimes we need agree "to disagree".Remember: your success in persuading others assumes that the other person is open to being persuaded.
21: Fear: If you are not used to communicating, especially in writing, you may need to overcome fear on several levels.
22: Writing, unlike unrecorded speech, is a permanent record for all to see, and the "context" is not as important as in speech where context "colors" the words.
23: For example: your readers do not see you, only your words. They do not know what you look like, where you live, who you are.
24: Persuasion also has another dimension: It is built with facts, which illustrate conclusions. Of course, this means you need to know what you are talking about, and cannot be lazy with your facts, or you will not succeed in convincing anyone.
25: This shows another level of fear: Fear of making a mistake that will make your argument or persuasion meaningless. Since you are writing, and the words are on paper for all to see, you need to work to make sure your facts are in order.