FC: The Reformation
1: Causes For The Reformation
2: Political - Trade Increased -Capitalism Emerged -Ruler v.s. Pope
3: Religious -Church Corruption -Selling of Positions -Indulgences -Unqualified members
4: Martin Luther: A German monk who used his insight in to the church to discover and publicly point out the corruption inside. His views of the Church were different
5: then those of the church. He believed in "Justification by Faith Alone". He posted the 95 Theses to list the problems with the Roman Catholic Church. In doing so | Luther's ideas eventually formed in to the religion we now know as Lutheranism.
7: Lutheranism is a religion based on the idea of "Justification by Faith ALone" Which means that followers can reach salvation by being faithful to God.
8: John Calvin: French Reformer who's teachings were based on the idea of absolute glory of good and the utter bad nature of human beings. He used the Old Testament as a guideline for his moral and social acts for him and his followers.
9: Calvinism: A religion based upon the theological ideas and teachings of | John Calvin. Calvinists believe that God is the supreme ruler over all. They believe that humans are born sinful and can only reach heaven by the grace of God.
10: The Spread of Protestantism in...
11: England: The Creation of the Church of England engaged the Protestant Reformation in England. King Henry VIII wanted a divorce so he created his own church to do so, This forced the religion on citizens, | Switzerland: The spread of Protestantism in Switzerland was led by reformer Zwingli. He preached ideas of the reformation to many German-Speaking countries. His ideas were similar to those of Calvin's and Luther's.
12: France: The spread of Reformation ideas in France started with the Huguenots. The Huguenots were a group of French Protestants who derived their ideas from those of Calvin. The Peace of Saint- German-en-laye gave religious freedoms to Huguenots. | Germany: The Heart of the Reformation. Beginning with Luther's posting of his 95 Theses. This triggered the emergence of other reformers and the ''overthrow'' of the Roman Catholic Church.
13: Italy: The spread of Protestantism was brought through the changes inside the church. Leaders of the church became more disciplined, ideas of Saint Francis reemerged and the Council of Trent was formed. | Spain: Protestantism spread when the ides of Luther leaked in to the country of Spain. Many Protestants were killed trying to fight the inquisition. They also tried to reduce the power of the Jesuits.
14: Radical Reformers: Anabaptists and Antitrinitarians
15: Anabaptists: This religious group was like Lutheranism and Calvinism but some differences include their rejection of infant baptism, They believed that only those who understood scripture and the meaning of the baptism could receive it. | Antitrinitarians: The Antitrinitarians were a group that believed in faith by logic. They were against the ideas of sinfulness by birth and the idea of predestination. John Calvin was one of their strongest opposer's,
16: Social, Political ,and Religious Changes of the Reformation
17: After the Reformation many changes came about. Woman began to be recognized as a necessary companion. Marriages occurred at a later age, and wet nursing became more popular. Churches and members of them were reduced greatly and religion was chosen by he state.
18: Changes in the Roman Catholic Church: After the Reformation the church became more disciplined, clergy had more responsibility and a higher standards to achieve. The Council of Trent formed as well as the Jesuits.
19: Differences in religion sparked several wars within Europe. The largest of these wars was the Thirty Year's War. The cause was a broken Germany which ended in the fight over the disputes inside the Holy Roman Empire. Another war that occurred was the revolt by the Netherlands. They fought the Spanish in order to gain independence. The Spanish Armada was a war that allowed England to become a prominent force in Europe. | Religious Wars
20: Other Reformers
21: John Wycliffe English Reformer who led the Lollards. One of the Earliest members of the Reformation. He believed the church should poor. | Jan Has Czech Reformer who was burned at the stake by the Roman Catholic Church for trying to teach his a ideas of a theological religion. | Erasmus Father of Humanism, Erasmus was prominent in both the Counter-Reformation and the Protestant Reformation. He never chose a side in either.