FC: BY Sukhman Chahal | Japan Edo to Meiji
1: chapter 1: start of Edo it all started when Japan was discovered by the English, Portugese and the Dutch. the Japanese were willing to trade but onces they learned about there background they had second thoughts. The shogun did not want to loose control over its people over Christianity . they feared most that the English may dominate there land and cause a Rebellion with the Christan Japanese and the shogun may be thrown off his thrown
2: the English found them selfs confused weather they were civilized people or savages it was a hard decision but they managed to set them at a civilized level and started trade. the trade was going well and they were both satisfied and there were missionaries converting Japanese people into Christian it did not matter at that time because japan was open to new cultures. soon the converting of Japanese got a little carried away and most Christens did not obey the Tokugawa Iemitsu so the Tokugawa was infuriated and want banishment of all christens if they refuse to leave they would be executed
4: since trade was now limited to a certain fake island called Deshima the traders were only certain types of people because of religion circumstances the English would bring missionaries on there boats so the only people they traded with was the dutch .
5: chapter two: the fall of the feudal system japan was a very organized country and so were its social classes the system was called the feudal system it had become very strict after the edo period the social classes were limited to there class expectation but when the meji period stared the feudal system started to fall many changes were made in these classes the daimyo, samurai, commoners and farmers.
7: the daimyo -court nobility and daimyo merged into single classes -daimyo given lump-sum pension to compensate for loss of domains -invited to invest new capital in fledging business via the national bank
8: samurai -allowances reduced then removed -conscription made respect for samurai moot forbidden to wear swords or dress -given permission to change there jobs
9: commoners -lower income people allowed to pursue higher jobs -commoners allowed to have sir names -no longer banned from marrying samurai -eta and Hinin now considered commoners -Christians allowed to practice there faith
10: farmers -given ownership of there land and permitted to grow what they wanted but had to pay land taxes -could sell their land to other farmers if unable to pay taxes - could no longer no longer negotiate with daimyo during droughs -protested wealth of merchants class rebellion quelled by army
11: chapter 3 the start of Meiji the Meiji period began after japan began when the Edo period was ending. they were under pressure because the country was very far behind from the worlds technolegies so they had an idea that they sail around the world and adopt new ideas this faze was called the Iwakura mission
12: the Iwakura mission was not there only concern for opening up. the Russians managed to create a settlement in the northern islands witch posed as a threat. reason number 2 was that they were fueled on trade and with trade limited to certain countries there economy grew weak. they were also sent threats from the united states by sending gun ships so they could be forced to open the doors and start trade. so japan gave in and opened its doors.