BC: With Federal recognition Native Americans are eligible for scholarships
FC: Effects of the Racial Integrity Act and a modern look at the Pamunky and Mattaponi tribes
1: Because of the Racial Integrity Act colored skins were treated differently than whites.
2: One law that affected the Native Americans was the Racial Integrity Act. The Racial Integrity Act states that colored people can't marry whites. There was a limited supply of public schooling. The records were changed (identification of being Indian, only colored.) The Racial Integrity Act lasted from 1924-1967. 50,000 Indians used live here but most were killed by diseases. Land was reduced for the Indians because of the conflict between the Indians and settlers.
4: The lifestyles and technology advancements of past peoples. Artifacts found recently tell us that Paleo Indians would have arrived 15,000-18,000 years ago. They arrived via land bridge to North America. Archaic Indians had more of an advanced lifestyle. They used tools such as the atlatl. The Eastern Woodland Indians technology advanced by planting crops, making bow and arrows, pottery, and trading. They settled in one area due to farming. They ate differently the past tribes (caught fish and shellfish.)
6: Groups were determined/named by languages spoken: Algonquian, Siouan, and Iroquoian. 32 tribes of the 40 Algonquian came together as the Powhatan's, lived mostly in Coastal Plains. 80,000 Iroquios still live in America today, they are known for deer hunting, they also live in Coastal Plain and Piedmont regions. The Siouan were excellent mound builders (Monocan), they farmed crops, they lived in the Piedmont region, and they also traded and hunted.
8: A modern look at Pamunkey and Mattaponi is that the current tribal leaders are trying to preserve their heritage by teaching the children the customs. Only 8 tribes have been recognized by the state, and are working to get Federal recognition. Pamunkey and Mattaponi still have land in Virginia (reservations.) In 1646 and 1677 treaties between the settlers and the Indians were signed (still honored today by Pamunkey and Mattaponi.)
10: Bob McDonnell made November American Indian Heritage Month. 6 out of the 11 state recognized tribes are still trying to get federal recognition. Bob McDonnell feels that we shouldn’t just recognize their history, but also their present day lives. The purpose of the meeting was also to update the SOL archives. He also believes that state and tribal governments should partner up together.