BC: THE FACTORY SYSTEM | BY KATIE&HANNA, HOUR 4
FC: The Factory System | By Katie Welshinger and Hanna Tillman
1: The Factory system came to America in 1814 by Francis Lowell. He did this by bringing the idea of the power loom over from the very secretive Britain. He memorized the parts of the machine and escaped to America, where he introduced the idea of the factory system. | The Factory system: The system of producing goods made on a mass scale by machines in one building. This idea replaced the Domestic system, where individual workers used hand tools to make parts of goods in their own homes to sell.
2: Through Their Eyes: | 1. Back then people viewed their world as a land of opportunity. There was a new country to explore and a place to start new and plenty of new jobs. 2. People were motivated by the new world and wanted to create new things. They jumped at the idea of jobs and opportunities. 3. To succeed in the 1800's you basically needed to be healthy and able to do everyday jobs. If you did have some kind of schooling, it was considered valuable. 4. People viewed the factory system as an advancement in the industries, especially the cotton industry.
5: Cause & Effect | 5. The factory system was invented because of the need for a better system, and was brought to America by British escapees bringing their own system to the U.S. 6. Francis Cabot Lowell invented the factory system. 7. Competing farmers who couldn't afford the system and small businesses may not have supported the factory system. 8. The factory system caused a big effect on the Industrial Revolution, and is considered the most obvious part of it. It increased the volume of products made and provided a more predictable flow of products.
6: Turning Points
7: 9. After the factory system replaced the domestic system, many people moved out of rural areas and into cities to work in factories. The standard of living rose as prices were lowered, and many new jobs were available. As for the world, agriculture decreased and shifted more towards industrialization. 10. Many people began to choose working in factories over working on farms and plantations. And by this in the future farming became a less common career, and the US gained many jobs and a better economy from the factories.
8: Change and Continuity: | 11. Factories have become more efficient and more advanced with new technology. More is being produced and factories can also house more workers, creating more jobs. 12. Mass supplies are still being made, factories still supply many jobs, and many factories are still powered by coal. 13. People benefited from the factory system if they were unemployed and got a job from it. 14. Small business owners and men and women who make goods for money did not benefit from the factory system. After factories began to produce everything many places were run out of business.
10: Using the Past
11: 15. The Factory System is similar to today because the basic idea of a factory is still used. 16.The Factory System is different today because factories are more advanced. There are new machines and more room for an increase in workers. More is produced out of a factory and now factories have increased efficiency. 17. The Factory System tells us that many new inventions were being made and technology was advancing. Also show how inadvanced America was before the Factory System.