FC: The CUSH Round - Up Indian Assimilation Schools Carlisle School
1: An effort by the United States was made to transform Native American culture to European–American culture between the years of 1790–1920. | George Washington and Henry Knox were first to propose, this cultural transformation.
2: The Carlisle Indian Industrial School was founded by Richard Henry Pratt in 1879.
3: Thesis The Americans thought that the schools were a good way to transform the Natives. However, It was really destroying them.
4: THE AMERICAN VIEW Americans felt that the public schools enhanced and supported an American national identity, mitigated differences of race, class, ethnicity and sectionalism, and gave students the tools and habits they needed to become productive and useful citizens. The policy makers believed, young people would be introduced to the values and practical knowledge of the dominant American society
5: Children were usually immersed in European- American culture through appearance changes with haircuts, were forbidden to speak their native languages, and traditional names were replaced by new European-American names.
6: THE INDIAN VIEW The Indians felt that the Americans were destroying their culture and disrupting families. These schools were terrifying for the Indians. They were forced to change their appearance and taught to speak a language other than their own.
7: There was often trauma of having to wear hard, tight fitting shoes and confining dress instead of moccasins and the regular loose clothing.
8: CONS a. RUNAWAYS b. PUNISHMENT C. ILLNESS http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfRHqWCz3Zw PROS A. BENEFITS THROUGH EDUCATION B. SPORTS C. FRIENDSHIPS
9: The experience of the schools was often harsh, especially for the younger children who were separated from their families. In numerous ways, they were encouraged or forced to abandon their Native American identities and cultures.