BC: By: Mariah Jones Core: 8
FC: Sally Tompkins | http://andalusiaudc.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/tompkins.jpg?w=122&h=165 | The one and only Rebel woman officer in the Civil War.
1: --Sally Louisa Tompkins, 1833 - 1916 --Also Known As: Captain Sally --Born:11/9/1833, Mathews County, Virginia --Died:7/26/1916, Richmond, Virginia --Occupations: Humanitarian; Nurse | Background | http://www.mixbook.com/editor/5515808?fs=1
2: --Tompkins was known for setting up a private hospital in Richmond, Virginia. --She was the one and only Rebel woman officer in the Civil War. --She was an honorary member of the R. E. Lee Camp of the Confederate Veterans --She was the only woman to hold a commission in the Confederate States Army. | Accomplishments
4: --Tompkins opened Robertson Hospital to care for Confederate wounded. --The hospital was named after Judge John Robertson, who donated the home. --Tompkins operated the hospital at her own expense. --In the end, Robertson Hospital treated over 1,333 patients, of whom only 73 died. --No other hospital saved more of its patients. --Officers tried to place their most seriously wounded soldiers with Tompkins. | Hospital
5: http://www.mdgorman.com/Hospitals/robertson_hospital_drawing.htm | Robertson Hospital
6: --Because the hospital cured more patients than any other medical-care facility around, Tompkins used her success to convince President Jefferson Davis to allow her hospital to stay open...even as his orders shut down other private hospitals in the city. --On Sept. 9, 1861, Davis appointed Tompkins captain of cavalry making her the only woman to hold a commission in the Confederate States Army. --Her military rank allowed her to earn a generous salary to help cut down some of her operating costs. --Again, only 73 deaths were recorded at Robertson Hospital during its 45-month existence. --She finally closed the doors after the last patients were discharged in June 1865. | Hospital (Continued....)
9: Later Life | --After she closed her hospital, Tompkins remained very popular. --She was active in the Episcopal church --She was also a well-known guest at veterans' reunions and Daughters of the Confederacy meetings. -- She continued her charity work, and her generous hospitality to veterans eventually exhausted her fortune. -- In 1905 "Captain Sally" moved into the Confederate Women's Home in Richmond as a lifetime guest --She died there on July 26, 1916, at age 83. --When she died, she was honored with a full military funeral. --4 chapters of the book United Daughters of the Confederacy are named in Tompkins' honor.
10: Bibliography: | Captain Sally Tompkins. n.d. Web. 21 May 2011.
11: Bibliography Continued: | Corrick, James A. The Civil War. Life among the soldiers and cavalry. San Diego, Calif.: Lucent Books, 1999. Print. Cosner, Shaaron. War nurses. New York: Walker, 1988. Print. Wilbur, C K. Civil War medicine, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 1999. Print.