FC: All You Need to Know About: TANZANIA by TJ Cobb, Matthew Goldstein, Sierra Henry
1: TABLE OF CONTENTS | Chapter 1..........................General Info Chapter 2.............................Economics Chapter 3..................................Culture Chapter 4..................................History Chapter 5.........................Current State Chapter 6...................................Sources
2: General Info | Absolute Location- 6 degrees south, 34 degrees east Relative location- south of Kenya, north of Mozambique Population- 43,188,000 Government- Tanzania is a democracy. Elected officials have five year terms. The president selects his prime minister and cabinet members among the National Assembly.
4: Economics | Tanzania is one of the world's poorest economies. However, they have had some economic growth. There have been increases in gold exports and tourism. Much of the tourism is due to Serengeti National Park. Sadly, 36% of the population is still under the poverty line, so they have a long way to go. As of 2002, agriculture has been roughly 80% of the economy while only a mere 20% belongs to industry and services.
5: Some of Tanzania's agricultural exports are coffee, tea, various fruits and nuts, and livestock. Their services and industries include agricultural processing, precious metal mining, and oil and natural gas production. | Tanzania's main exports are gold, coffee, cashews, manufactures, and cotton. Their main imports are consumer goods, machinery, industrial materials, and transportation equipment. Their main trade partners are China, India, Japan, UAE, German, South Africa, and Kenya.
6: Cultural Aspects | Social Class One's Social Class can be showed in many ways. Good automobiles, clothing, and hairstyles can show that someone is of a higher class. If someone is malnourished, dressed in rags, and live in a bad part of town, it could show that they are of lower social class. For men and women Social Class is very different. Women take care of household duties and children while men usually take care of most of the farming and political duties. | The Arts The Arts play and important role in the daily life of Tanzanians, Richer people can enjoy available literature, graphic arts, and religious dances. Poorer Tanzanians usually celebrate with low key dances and festivals.
7: Religious Practices About 40% of the population is Christian, 35% is Muslim, and 20% is indigenous religions. Each religion celebrates their own holidays. The only thing they all believe in common is what happens in the after life. Tanzanians believe that when you die you become a spirit and are celebrated by younger generations, Ancestors are often celebrated by a pouring of beer on their grave or a pot of beer near the grave. | Etiquette Polite etiquette and the control of one's temper is a value in Tanzania. Not smoking, talking loud, and respecting elders is important in every day life. | "One who battles willingly with cold water doesn't feel the cold." - Tanzanian Proverb
8: Brief History | 800s-Kilwa is established as a trading settlement by Arabs, whilst Persian traders settle at Pemba and on Zanzibar. 1200-The distinctive mix of Arabs, Persians and Africans develops into the Swahili culture. 1500-09Swahili ports along the Tanzanian coast are seized by Portuguese. 1699-Zanzibar is commandeered by Omanis who make it the centre of their maritime empire, eventually to become its capital. 1867-British campaign against Zanzibar slave trade starts. 1873-The Sultan of Zanzibar is forced to close his slave market by the British. 1885-With the conclusion of the Berlin West African Conference a German protectorate is created in East Africa under the control of the Deutsch (German East-African Society) . | 1890-Britain takes over Zanzibar as a protectorate. 1891-Deutsch-Ostafrika (German East Africa) colony is created. 1914-General Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, the commander of German forces in East Africa, begins a guerrilla style war against the British and her Allies. 1916-Majority of German East Africa is occupied by British and South African troops. 1929-Formation of the Tanganyika African Association (TAA) . 1946-British mandate over Tanganyika is converted into a trusteeship by the United Nations. 1954-Julius Kambarage Nyerere and Oscar Kambona create the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) out of the remnants of the TAA.
9: 1958-Tanganyika is given internal self-government by the British. 1961-Tanganyika achieves independence (9 December) . 1962-Julius Kambarage Nyerere is first president of the newly formed Republic of Tanganyika (9 December), having previously served as Prime Minister under the British Governor-General Richard Gordon Turnbull. 1963-Zanzibar achieves independence (10 December) . 1964-In a violent revolution, left-wing forces overthrow the Sultanate of Zanzibar and the People's Republic of Zanzibar is proclaimed (12 January). Shortly after Tanganyika and Zanzibar are merged together as the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar (26 April) with Nyerere as president (and Abeid Amani Rashid Karume as president of Zanzibar). The United Republic of Tanzania was proclaimed on 29 Oct. 1992-Tanzania's constitution is amended to allow multi-party democracy. 1994-Tanzania accepts 800,000 refugees form ethnic violence in Rwanda and Burundi. 1995Benjamin William Mkapa of the CCM becomes president after first multi-party elections (23 November). 1998US embassy buildings in Dar es Salaam are destroyed by a terrorist blast. 1999Julius Kambarage Nyerere dies (14 October) . 2001Offices of opposition party, Civic United Front (CUF), in Zanzibar are raided: two people are killed. Period of violence follows the government's ban on opposition rallies. The CCM and CUF finally reach agreement and normality is restored. Tanzania rekindles the East African Community with Kenya and Uganda. Presidents of all three countries launch a regional parliament and court of justice to act on common matters. 2005Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete of the CCM becomes president (21 December).
10: Current Situation | Tanzania is currently an important regional acting country. There have been more political parties attempting to win the parliament and be President. Chama Cha Mapinduzi or the CCM is the most powerful party. The current President, Jakaya Kikwete, who served 10 years as prime minister before becoming President, has won two straight elections (2005,2010). The ruling party won seventy percent of the parliamentary vote in 2010.
12: Sources | http://www.everyculture.com/ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tz.html