FC: the Legacy of Victor Hugo | By Rachel Aron
1: Victor Hugo was born in 1802, in Bensacon, France. At the age of 13, he discovered that his destiny was writing. He wrote poems at an early age, which won many awards.
2: In his childhood, he moved many times, due to his father's job. In Paris, he met Adele Foucher. Victor's brother was also in love with her, and as a result of Victor's marriage with her, became insane and had to be hospitalized.
3: Adele had 5 children named Leopold, Leopolodine, Charles, Francais-Victor, and Adele. After them, she refused to have anymore.
4: Leopoldine died very young, due to a tragic accident in which she drowned. Victor was so devastated by this, he did not produce and significant works for 10 years.
5: Adele Hugo (VIctor's daughter) was less sociable than Victor preferred, so they had a strained relationship.
6: Both Victor and Adele (the wife) were having affairs with other people outside their marriage. Victor turned to Juliette Drouet, while Adele went to Charles-Augustin Saint-Beauve.
7: The relationship between Victor Hugo and Juliette Drouet lasted 50 years, following difficulties with his wife.
8: Victor was a political figure, but when he insulted a politician, saying, "we have had Napolean the Great, now we have to have Napolean the Small." He fled the country, with Juliette's assistance, to avoid arrest.
9: However, Brussels (where he fled) worried that Hugo would strain the relationship between France and Beligen. | In 1852, he moved to Jersey, where many believed the same politics as he did.
10: Eventually, he was banished to Guernsey Island, where he wrote many of his best works.
11: One of his works, called "Les Contemplations", was an immediate success, and with the proceeds, he brought 38 Hauteville, or the Hauteville House.
12: Though Hugo was allowed back in France in 1859, he remained until 1870, and always went back once in a while.
13: He continued writing until his death in 1885. He was buried in a pauper's coffin, and it is estimated that 2 million people followed the procsssion.
14: -The History of a Crime -The Hunchback of NotreDame -Les Miserables -The Man Who Laughs -Napolean the Little -A Fight with a Cannon -La Legend des Siecles -The Memoirs of Victor Hugo -almost 200 single poems
15: Les Miserables starts with the conversion of Jean Valjean to Christianity. He is a released convict of 19 years for stealing a loaf of bread, and trying to escape a number of times.
16: He ends up saving a young woman named Fantine from a policeman whose been hunting Valjean for years. Fantine has a child named Cosette, in the care of Madame Thenardiar, a cruel woman who decieved Fantine. She dies and Cosette is sent to live with Jean Valjean.
17: Cosette trustsJean Valjean like a father, but he doesn't tell her about his past as a convict. As she grows, she meets Marius, and they fall immediately in love.
18: Javert, the policeman, was still on the trail of Jean Valjean, ever since his failure to report to parole, which was almost 7 years ago. Suddenly, a revolution breaks out against the French government. Marius decides to fight for his freedom, and Valjean has a big problem.
19: "This presentation contains copyrighted material used under the educational fair use exemption to U.S. Copyright law." (Simpson, 70)