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Thomas Hardy

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S: Thomas Hardy

FC: Thomas Hardy

1: Born: June 2, 1840 Dorsetshire, England

2: As a child, he attended local schools studying Latin, Greek, French, classical literature, and assisted his father in his building projects. Before he was a writer, he was an architect.

3: His first story published was "How I Built Myself A House" in Chamber's Journal in 1865. | He wrote his first novel The Poor Man and the Lady in 1867, but it was never published. | Hardy believed in Immanent Will, evolution, and that he was a "meliorist."

4: Hardy married Emma Gifford in 1874, but she died suddenly in 1912. He later remarried his secretary Florence Dugdale. She published The Early Life of Thomas Hardy and The Later Years of Thomas Hardy.

5: Hardy died on January 11, 1928 at his home Max Gate.

6: A list of Hardy's popular works: Far from the Madding Crowd (1874) The Return of the Native (1878) The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886) Tess of the D'Urbervilles (1891)

7: Hardy's Accomplishments: nominated President of the Society of Authors in 1909 the Order of Merit from King George V in 1910 the Gold Medal from the Royal Society of Literature in 1912 an honorary degree from Cambridge University

8: "The Convergence of the Twain"

9: "The Convergence of the Twain" is about the Titanic.

10: I In a solitude of the sea Deep from human vanity, And the Pride of Life that planned her, stilly couches she. II Steel chambers, late the pyres Of her salamandrine fires, Cold currents thrid, and turn to rhythmic tidal lyres. III Over the mirrors meant To glass the opulent The sea-worm crawls -- grotesque, slimed, dumb, indifferent.

11: Magical paraphrasing in one line: 1. Hardy introduces Titanic as a secluded ship that is vain. 2. The ship is sinking and now the cold waters seeps through. 3. Sea worms now cover the mirrors of the ship.

12: IV Jewels in joy designed To ravish the sensuous mind Lie lightless, all their sparkles bleared and black and blind. V Dim moon-eyed fishes near Gaze at the gilded gear And query: 'What does this vaingloriousness down here?'... VI Well: while was fashioning This creature of cleaving wing, The Immanent Will that stirs and urges everything

13: More magical paraphrasing in one line: 4. All of the jewels on the ship can no longer shine. 5. The fish look at the fancy decorations of the ship and wonder how it got there. 6. While Titanic was sailing, Immanent Will was watching.

14: VII Prepared a sinister mate For her -- so gaily great -- A Shape of Ice, for the time far and dissociate. VIII And as the smart ship grew In stature, grace, and hue, In shadowy silent distance grew the Iceberg too. IX Alien they seemed to be: No mortal eye could see The intimate welding of their later history,

15: More magical paraphrasing in one line: 7. The Immanent Will intended for the ship to hit the iceberg. 8. As the ship was getting larger, so was the iceberg. 9. No one could see that the iceberg and the ship would meet.

16: X Or sign that they were bent By paths coincident On being anon twin halves of one august event, XI Till the Spinner of the Years Said 'Now!' And each one hears, And consummation comes, and jars two hemispheres.

17: More magical paraphrasing in one line: 10. The Titanic and the iceberg were a whole. 11. It was the Immanent Will that decided their fate.

18: Theme: Human creation is no match for the divine. Tone: Critical, Ironic Speaker: The speaker is the author. The speaker may be a survivor from Titanic. Form: Tercets, AAA

19: 5 Stylistic Devices: | Juxtaposition: (stanza 2) The cold chambers are contrasted to the warm fires on the ship. Personification: (stanza 5) The fish are being personified; they are given curious personalities.

20: 5 Stylistic Devices continued: | Imagery: (stanza 3) Hardy describes the grotesque way the worms now crawl on the Titanic's mirrors. Alliteration: (stanza 4) Hardy describes the jewels as "bleared and black and blind." Connotations: (stanza 2) "Pyres" makes you think of funeral pyres, making the audience think of death.

21: Reminder of theme: Human creation is no match for the divine. The devices used all contribute to the overall meaning because they reveal the ways in which the Titanic's "unsinkable glory" failed. The fish are now swimming with the now sunken Titanic. The jewels and riches are now black and cannot shine in the light. The sea-worms now cover the mirrors of vanity.

22: Connection to Brave New World: | FATE: The concept of fate plays an important role in both Brave New World and "The Convergence of the Twain." It was considered fate that John and Bernard should meet. All people in the New World were given fates (the caste system.) It was fate in Convergence when the iceberg hit Titanic. it was fate when human vanity had failed and death was everywhere.

23: Works Cited: Campbell, Donna. "The Convergence of the Twain by Thomas Hardy." Gonzaga University, n.d. Web. 22 March 2012. The poem and analysis were found on this site. Thomas Hardy Website.n.p., n.d. Web. 22 March 2012. Pictures of T. Hardy were found on this website. "Thomas Hardy." The Literature Network. Jalil Inc, 2008. Web. 22 March 2012. The biographical info was found on this site. Titanic Universe. n.p., 2012. Web. 22 March 2012. All pictures of the Titanic were found on this site.

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