BC: The End
FC: The 3 Branches of Government! | By: Kenia Sifuentes
1: Why did the founding fathers set up the government into three branches? The reason was to make sure that no branch of government could overpower one another. They felt like the government should be divided just in case it got too "power hungry". It was also the best way they thought the government would be divided; each branch had the power to decide different things yet no group would have more power than the other.
2: The Legislative Branch | Officials that makeup legislative branch: House of Representatives- Has 435 members. And the number of representatives of each state depend on the population. They have the power to impeach a president and the power to elect the president in case of an electoral college tie. Senate- Made up of 100 senators; two representing each state. Only the U.S. senate can confirm presidential appointments that require consent such as ambassadors and Supreme Court justices, except for vice presidential appointments where house consent is also necessary. | Are the members elected or appointed? House of Representatives: They are elected locally Senate: They are elected. | Responsibilities: Impeaching officials, initiating spending bills, and choosing the president in the event of a deadlock in the Electoral College.
3: Where do they work? The Capitol Building, in Washington D.C | Requirements to run for this office: House of Rep: 1. You must be a minimum of twenty-five years old at the time of inauguration. 2. You must be a resident of the state in which your district resides. 3. You must have been a U.S. citizen for seven years prior to inauguration. Senate:1. at least 30 years old. 2. a U.S. citizen for at least nine years at the time of election to the Senate. 3. a resident of the state one is elected to represent in the Senate. | How long are the terms of office? House of Representatives: Two years Senate: Six years | Why did we create this branch? We need this this branch because, it's the one that makes up the laws and everything else.
4: Executive Branch | Officials that make up branch: The head of the branch is the President and also the Vice President. Members included is the entire Cabinet, which consists of 15 members. | Requirements: Must be a natural-born US citizen Must be at least 35 years old by the time he/she will serve Must have lived in the U.s. for at least 14 years | How long are the terms? They serve 2 terms and in each term there are 4 years. | Are the members elected or appointed? The President and Vice President are elected and the cabinet is appointed.
5: Responsibilities of executive branch: Carry out the laws | Where does the executive branch work? The White House | Why was it created? So it could act as head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
6: Judicial Branch | Officials that make up Judicial Branch: Nine Justices; One chief Justice and eight Associate justices. | Requirements to run for Judicial Branch: Must be 30 years old, a natural born citizen,and do taxes and make laws. Also have to check on the congress and president to make sure no branch has more power. | How long are the terms? For life | Are the members elected or appointed? They are appointed by the President and confirmed by the senate.
7: What are the responsibilities? Interpreting federal laws Interpreting the US Constitution Resolving legal disputes Trying criminal and civil cases Determining guilt or innocence, degree of culpability, etc. Imposing sentences and other legal punishment Protecting individual constitutional rights Considering writs, motions and other legal actions Managing the docket and judicial caseload Checking the power of the Legislative and Executive branches | Where do they work? In the Supreme Court Building | Why was it created? The judicial Branch hears cases that challenge that need interpretation of the legislation.