BC: The Great Depression Project By: Trevor (tc119764)
FC: The Great Depression By: Trevor
1: How the Great Depression Began: in the years 1930-1932 more then 5,000+ banks failed because they were giving out loans to people for stocks and other interests, that they couldn't pay back and as a result they went bankrupt.
2: The Great Depression lasted for about 12 years between 1929- 1941. This period of time was devastating to most Americans and wouldn't recover until the start of World War II.
3: F | For most people life was rough during the Great Depression, the majority of people were out of jobs and couldn't find any. The dust bowl destroyed once fertile farm land making it impossible to try and plant anything in the Midwest. Unemployed fathers saw children hired for sub-standard wages. The people of the depression gained a new outlook on life and many survivors still hold those same virtues today. They deny the self indulgence and immediate gratification that come from material things. Instead they focus on relationship -- with their family, with others, and most importantly, with God.
4: Many people were affected by the Great Depression: men, women, children, African Americans & others, pets and animals, and the land. Basically everything was affected in one ways or another.
5: Many couples delayed marriage and the divorce rate dropped sharply because it was too expensive to pay the legal fees and support two households, and birth rates dropped below the replacement level for the first time in American history. | Men finding themselves out of work now had to rely on their wives and children in some cases to help make ends meet. Many did not take this loss of power as the primary decision maker and breadwinner very well. Many stopped looking for work, paralyzed by their bleak chances and lack of self-respect. Some became so frustrated that they just walked out on their families completely. A 1940 survey revealed that 1.5 million married women had been abandoned by their husbands.
6: Women were affected by the great depression, when President Roosevelt set up New Deal Programs which gave women many opportunities to lead some of the programs and work forces. Unfortunately, men still had higher wages and women were faced with discrimination and hostility. They were fired from jobs first and blamed for the high unemployment rate. | Animals were also affected by the Great Depression, as families were struggling to get food, animals were going hungry to. But, if they did manage to get food the family took higher priority then their farm animals/pets.
7: The specific economic events that took place during the Great Depression have been studied thoroughly: a deflation in asset and commodity prices, dramatic drops in demand and credit, and disruption of trade, ultimately resulting in widespread unemployment and hence poverty.
8: The Dust Bowl a.k.a. the Dirty Thirties was a period when severe dust storms wreaked havoc causing major ecological and agricultural damage. The phenomenon was caused by severe drought coupled with decades of extensive farming without crop rotation, fallow fields, cover crops or other techniques to prevent erosion, and when the wind picked up it blew the dirt around. The Dust Bowl affected over 100,000,000 acres, centered on the panhandles of Texas and Oklahoma, and adjacent parts of New Mexico, Colorado, and Kansas.
9: Out of everything and everyone affected by the great depression, African Americans were the only ones to be hit the hardest. By 1932, approximately half of black Americans were out of work. In some Northern cities, whites called for blacks to be fired from any jobs as long as there were whites out of work. Racial violence again became more common. And president Roosevelt began tackling the problems of the Depression and gained "a sense of belonging they had never experienced before" from his fireside chats. On the surface World War II seems to mark the end of the Great Depression. During the war more than 12 million Americans were sent into the military, and a similar number toiled in defense-related jobs. Those war jobs seemingly took care of the 17 million unemployed in 1939. Most historians have therefore cited the massive spending during wartime as the event that ended the Great Depression.