BC: Sources Used *Text book *www.pbskids.org/ www.us.slave.blogspot.com www.slaveryspot.com
FC: Holly Uhrich | Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
1: Slavery In Africa Slavery in Africa was originally used as punishment for a crime such as adultery or kidnapping. They also would use prisoners of war as slaves; However traders began kidnapping men, women and children as the demand for slaves became greater.
2: From the 1500's to the 1800's slave traders sent about 10-15 million Africans across the Atlantic to the Americas. Most of the slaves had been captured in war, others sold themselves. In Africa slaves were part of the community, they were not treated like property and could even inherit there masters property. They were full members of society. However it was the Atlantic slave trade that changed everything.
3: The Europeans introduced slavery on a massive scale. They would pack 10's of thousands of Africans on ships to go across the Atlantic. This was know as the "middle passage" which many did not survive. On the ships each person was only given 18 inches of space, the smells were unimaginable. People vomiting, sweating, urinating, tubs that were used as toilets that children would drown in and death. They treated the slaves as animals.
4: This is what the upper deck of a ship | looked like.
5: For those who survived the middle passage they were then put into pens like animals and the slave traders would inspect their health. Once they were purchased they would go with their masters and be given a job. Many worked on farms some who were not able to would be given jobs around the house or on boats. Some slaves were treated very kindly by there masters however some were beaten and treated with no respect. Even the slaves that were treated kindly wanted freedom; Which had to be bought. Those who eventually bought their freedom would many return home and there families and villages would be gone.
6: Map of Slave Trade Routes
7: People in Europe began to speak out against slavery but no one would really listen. Abolition was the movement to end slavery and the Quakers were strong supporters and they fought and struggled against it. By people telling there own experiences they exposed the evils of the system. Britain outlawed the slave trade in 1807. However people did break the law and continued to ship Africans to the Americas. Eventually slavery which played a huge role in the Civil War ended in 1865.
8: Slavery became less profitable as European nations began to industrialize. They began to need Africa's raw materials for their factories instead of slaves. 400 years of slave trading did have a huge impact of Africa and other parts of the world. In some parts of Africa it started wars and brought tension among the people. When slave traders came into small community's and attacked they took healthy men and women, ultimately causing devastation to the people. Even people who were taken captive suffered. It was very difficult for them to hold on to their culture. Europeans were spreading their influence all across Africa.
9: This is a picture of a slave's scars from being whipped and beaten. It really shows the extreme torture and cruelty they had to endure. | This is a picture of two slaves working on a plantation.