S: Ancient Mesopotamia
FC: Ancient Mesopotamia Written and Illustrated by S. Balzer
1: When people think of Mesopotamia they usually think that there are just Mesopotamian people. But we need to remember that Mesopotamia is an area of land, and there were many different kinds of people that lived there.
2: Mesopotamian timeline The oldest evidence that people lived in Mesopotamia dates back to 7000 B.C. In about 3500 B.C. a tribe of people called the Summerians moved into the area. In 2900 B.C., a group of people called the Semites conquered the area. In 1780 B.C. there was a leader named Hammurabi. He made a set of rules for his people. This is the first known example of a leader making a set of rules for his or her people. In 593 BC it became part of the Persian Empire. Now Mesopotamia is modern day Iraq.
3: In ancient Mesopotamia, each person had their own job. Women spun wool and cooked. Some men made clay tablets, some made mud bricks, and some wrote on the clay tablets that others had made.
4: The people of ancient Mesopotamia had privileges just as we do. Every family had a house of its own. The houses were made of mud and clay bricks. The richer people had drainage systems, and a few might have even had flush toilets! Insert text here
5: In the Summerians time they had classes of people. The priests were the most powerful people. They ruled over the other people and made sure that the they behaved in a way that would please the gods. Also, they acted as doctors.
6: The upper class was very rich. Men and women wore rings. Men had long curly beards and wore robes. Women wore long dresses and braided their hair. They all had at least one cloak of wool to keep them warm in the winter.
7: The lower class was paid much lower wages than the upper class. Women wore dresses and men wore skirts. Both men and women wore jewelry, even if it wasn't gold. They didn't have the luxuries of the upper class, but they were happy.
8: The slaves in Mesopotamia were usually people that they brought back as prisoners from towns that they conquered. Slaves worked for the priests, the wealthy, or the temple.
9: In the Summerians time, the government in Mesopotamia was and oligarchy, which means that it was ruled by a certian class of people. In the Semites time, it was a monarchy, which means that a king or a queen ruled the people.
10: Some other forms of government are a repubilc, a country where people vote for their leaders. A democracy, which the country's elected officals are supposed to represent what the people want. A dictatorship, where the leader has no restriction from the consitution or laws. And a Therocracy, where a God's rules are enforced.
11: Resorces 18 Jan. 09