S: Bladder Cancer
FC: Bladder Cancer Scrapbook By: Nicolette Dixon & Jee Hyun Lee
1: Background Information | 55,000 new cases of bladder cancer are diagnosed every year. There are 14,880 deaths as a result of bladder cancer every year. It usually occurs in adults in their seventies and older. It is the fourth most malignant disease in men. The most common sites where this cancer will spread is to the lungs, bones and liver. 75 - 85% of cases are superficial, while the other 15 - 25% are muscle invasive.
3: Risk Factors | Here are some things that increase your risk of getting bladder cancer : - Occupational exposures to paint, dye, leather, organic chemicals, textile printing - Chronic infection of the bladder and frequent infections due to catheter use - Radiation in women for the treatment of cervical cancer - Smoking, especially for men
4: Symptoms | The following symptoms may arise if you have bladder cancer : - Blood in the urine - Bone pain or tenderness - Fatigue - Painful urination - Urinary frequency, urgency & leakage - Weight loss - Fever - Kidney failure
6: Detection / Diagnosis | People who suspect that they have bladder cancer, or are looking for a specific diagnosis may have one these procedures performed on them . . . - Abdominal CT Scan - Bladder biopsy or Cystoscopy - Urinalysis or Urine Cytology - Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)
8: Treatment | Treatment depends on how advanced your stage of cancer is, and if it has metastasized. Those who seek treatment may endure the following : - Radiation Therapy - Surgery - Cystectomy - Intravesical Therapy - Photo Dynamic Therapy
10: Five Year Survival Rate / Prognosis | Nearly 90% of people treated for superficial bladder cancer survive for at least five years after treatment. Only about 5% of people with metastatic bladder cancer survive for at least two years after diagnosis.
11: Prognosis depends on several things : - The stage of the cancer - The type of bladder cancer cells (whether they are more aggressive or not) - The patient's age and general health
12: Recovery | Taking steps to ensure survival consists of doing many things : - Eating healthy - Beginning an exercise plan with the guidance of a doctor - Confiding in friends, family and health professionals if you are feeling the effects of battling cancer - Joining a support group of bladder cancer survivors, such as the Bladder cancer Advocacy Network - Seeing if you qualify for psychotherapy or antidepressants if you are suffering from symptoms of depression, anxiety, PTSD, etc.
14: Two Interesting Facts | Bladder cancer is the fourth most diagnosed cancer in white men, fifth most in Hispanic and seventh most in black men and Pacific Islanders. Bladder cancer occurs in men than women, and more often in whites than any other race.