S: Artists and Civil Rights
BC: The End
FC: A Multi-genre Research Project | American Artists and the Civil Rights Movement
1: In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends. ~Martin Luther King Jr. | It is my personal belief that art is an extremely powerful stimulator as well capturer of the path toward social change. This project is a reflection on the relationship between American artists and the civil rights movement of the 1950's and 1960's. While some artists of the time were brave enough to use their particular genre to fight for the cause, others remained mirrors to reflect what they, as well as others, were experiencing.
2: Music in the civil rights era | Artists such as Billie Holiday and Louie Armstrong were among those who used music to express their feelings on the civil rights movement. They also challenged others way of thinking by often, working with controversial lyrics.
4: Visual Arts in the Civil Rights Era | Artist statement- Willie Brown I think of my work as a constant work in progress which is reflective also of the subject matter of my work. Addressing the disparity among the human experience by deconstructing the dynamics of current race relations. Multiple layers of complexity are integrated into my designs. Although I traditionally stick with oil paint medium, the work often requires multiple mediums to accomplish the complexity of the content. By creating work that challenges the viewer's perspective on human relationships, I have developed my contribution to the movement.
7: To sin by silence when they should protest makes cowards of men
8: Theater Arts in the Civil Rights Era
10: Literary Art in the Civil Rights Era | Men of Color Call to Arms!! A civil rights March on Saturday, June 4th Chester, Pa. We shall overcome!
11: Obituaries Brown, Willie age 56, successful artist and father of three. On Sunday February 2nd. Willie was a civil rights supporter who used his talent and resources to further the progress of the movement. Although not outwardly involved in advocacy protests, Willie offered his support through his work. Survived by three daughters and a community that adored him. Willie will be truly missed.
12: Rationale Page I chose several different genres to reflect my learning throughout this research project. Here I will attempt to give you insight into my thought process for choosing these selected genres. Original Song- I chose to include music because it speaks not only to the artist that is performing the music but also to those who hear it. "Whether sung at mass meetings, on marches and sit-ins, or en route to some of the Jim-Crow Souths most forbidding jails, or whether performed on stage or record by one of the musical ensembles formed by civil rights activists, these songs conveyed the moral urgency of the freedom struggle, while expressing and helping to sustain the courage of the extraordinary ordinary people who were at the heart of it." Artists Statement- An artist statement demonstrates the artists thought process as well as their relationship with the world around them. I included an artist statement to express how the visual artists of the civil rights era reflected their dreams and aspirations of the people as a collective conscious.
13: Playbill-I chose to include a playbill from a theater production to represent the juxtaposition of the classical theater and the street theater of the civil rights era. As the movement progressed, artists often used theater to bring national exposure to local issues. Despite the formal movement toward desegregation, the roots were deep into segregation and theater was another avenue to move civil rights forward. Obituary and Poster- These two were created to show how many different avenues were available and utilized in the fight for civil rights. Many of the advocates were immortalized even after death, weather through the work that they did or through photos taken of them. Posters were used to elicit fear as well as to encourage protests. Quotes-Throughout this book, I have included several quotes from influential civil rights activists. These quotes summarize the essence of the movement. **The song and Playbill were completed by hand and photos were included in this book. All other genres were generate on the computer.
14: Bibliography Pages Brian Ward. "People get ready: Music and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950's and 1960's." The Gilden Lehrman Institute of American History. Web. Accessed July 1, 2012. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/civil-rights-movement/essays/%E2%80%9Cpeople-get-ready%E2%80%9D-music-and-civil-rights-movement-1950s Neil R. McMillen, "Street theatre and the collapse of Jim Crow: How the Black Freedom Movement outsmarted Mississippi Segregationists." Mississippi History Now. Online publication. Accessed July 1, 2012. http://mshistory.k12.ms.us/articles/280/street-theater-and-the-collapse-of-jim-crow-how-the-black-freedom-movement-outsmarted-mississippi-segregationists
15: "Oh Freedom". Smithsonian American Art Museum. Web. Accessed June 30, 2012 http://africanamericanart.si.edu/intro Sala Unin. "A Conversation with Amiri Baraka:Civil Rights, Black Arts and Politics." Sampsonia Way, Sept. 16, 2011. Online magazine, Accesssed June 30, 2012. http://www.sampsoniaway.org/bi-monthly/2011/09/16/a-conversation-with-amiri-baraka-civil-rights-black-arts-and-politics/
16: "I have a dream..." Martin Luther King Jr. was the most influential artist of the civil rights movement.