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Colonial Life

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FC: Colonial Life by Carley Pysher

2: New England Colonies

3: The Puritans decided to leave England because they hoped the reform the church by using simpler forms of worship and get rid of many practices of the Roman Catholic church. The problems in Massachusetts colony caused people to leave were that the Puritan leaders didn't want anyone to question their religious beliefs or the way the colony was governed. Some colonists were even forced to leave. The Puritans and the Native Americans fought because the settlers spread out across New England where some built trading and fishing villages along the coast north of Boston. As more colonists arrived in New England, they began to take over more of the Natives' land building towns and villages. Which were very important in the New England lifestyles because Puritans believed that people should worship and go to local matters as a community. It soon became a place of tightly knit towns and villages.

4: Middle Colonies

5: To encourage farming in the Middle Colonies, Dutch officials granted huge estates to few rich families. The owners were called patroons. There were many religious groups and rivalry for trade and colonies increased between England and the Netherlands. Peter Stuyvesant swore to defend his country. New Netherlands became New York because it was given to the Duke of York. That was how the colony of New Netherlands became the colony of New York. New Jersey separated from New York because New York was too big to govern. Like Pilgrims and Puritans, the Quakers were Protestant reformers. WIlliam Penn became convinced that the Quakers must leave England. He then turned to the king for help. Charles II issued a royal charter naming Penn proprietor of a large tract of land in North America. It then became Pennsylvania, meaning Penn's woods. In the Middle Colonies, or the "bread basket", the majority of people made their living by farming. Farmers in the eastern counties the the Middle Colonies cleared their fields and raised cash crops such as wheat, barley, and rye. Farms consisted of cattle and pigs. Farms were larger than those in New England. There were also skilled artisians. Homes were far apart from others because of the large farming lands. Everyone in the household had a job. In the 1700s, thousands of German and Scot-Irish settlers arrived in Philadelphia, which constructed in different types of homes because of the culture differences.

6: Southern Colonies

7: In Maryland's religious beginnings, Lord Baltimore welcomes Protestants as well as Catholics to the colony. He was afraid of the Protestants trying to deprive the controls of the Catholics, so he created the Act of Toleration. It was a law that provided religious freedom for all Christians (which did not extend to Jews). The colony also had a republic government. English colonists settled in a region which they called the Carolinas. Settlement took place in two different areas-north and south. That is how it became of North Carolina and South Carolina. James Oglethorpe wanted Georgia to be a place where debtors could make a fresh start, free of debt. There were two ways of life in the Southern Colonies which were tidewater plantations and the back country south. In the 1700s, plantation in the Southern Colonies had come to rely on slave labor. After time, enslaved Africans made up the majority of the population in South Carolina and Georgia.

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  • By: Carley P.
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  • Title: Colonial Life
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  • Updated: over 7 years ago