S: Confederation 1864 - 1949
BC: Canada our Nation
FC: Confederation 1864 - 1949 | By: Johanna Worms
1: Fathers of Confederation | These people put their dream into action to lay a foundation for a new nation: Canada!
3: Confederation | Was the process that brought union among provinces, territories and colonies of BNA to form a country.
4: Influences leading to Confederation Internal Causes 1. Political deadlock 2. Inter-colonial railroad
5: External causes 1. Threat of invasion from US 2. Fenian Raids 3. New British colonial policy 4. American Civil War
6: First it came from the economy. The people still believed in mercantilism where the "mother" country has the say about the manufacturing. Through this trade was lost and the people demanded a change. | Why Confederation? This question has come to mind to many people including myself. It came through a few directions most being caused by people
8: Secondly it came from the social stand point. The people didn't like the government and thought that it wasn't taking enough care of their needs. The Canadians for example were afraid that the Fenian's and American's would attack them again. The French thought the government was taking away their culture and the English did not like the idea of a responsible government.
10: Another concern came from the government itself. The leaders of the different colonies started to agree on different matters and with more talk they agreed on having a new country which is open to all nations of the world.
12: 4. | Advantages of | 1. | United colonies would be able to build an inter-colonial railway to connect separate colonies. | The nation would have one strong central government so decisions would be made easier.
13: 5. | Confederation | 3. | Individual colonies would be able to trade with each other. | Canada would enjoy economic stability. | 2. | The country would have much better protection.
14: - Formed by 4 parties - convince colonies of confederation | Parti Bleu Lead by George Etienne Cartier Parti Rouge Lead by Louis-Joseph Papineau | Parti : Clear Grits Lead by Georg Brown Parti : Tories Lead by John Alexander MacDonald | The Great Coalition
15: John Alexander MacDonald | George Etienne Cartier | George Brown
16: Charlottetown Conference September 1 - 9, 1864 - planned meeting for maritime provinces joined by Province of Canada - presented foundation for the confederation - outlined the Canadian position - discussed the details of the proposed constitution
18: Quebec Conference October 10 - 27, 1864 | At this meeting the leaders planned the birth of a new nation. Compromise dividing powers between Federal and Provincial governments. | Second conference | By the end of the conference the leaders had blueprints of the confederation and 72 resolutions. Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick agreed to confederation.
20: London Conference December 1866 - March 1867
21: - final conference - BNA act was drafted - held in United Kingdom - Dominion of Canada was created
22: British North America Act
23: This act was put into effect on July 1 1867 by Britain. It consisted of the 72 resolutions that the leaders came up with, which was later known as the constitution. The first provinces in the new country were Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Quebec. One by one the other provinces joined the Kingdom of Canada in later years to make Canada the country it is today.
25: The "birth" of Canada was announced to the public on July 1, 1867
26: Canada 1763 | Canada 1766
27: Canada 1999
28: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_Confederation http://socyberty.com/history/the-canadian-confederation/#5min http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Canadian_confederation http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-2500-e.html http://www.slideshare.net/guest251381/the-canadian-confederation | Cited Sources