FC: All You Need To Know About Cryptology
1: IMPORTANT VOCAB
2: Codes- Cipher- Encipher- Seceret Code- | Unit to solve is a word,phrase, etc... Unit to solve is only a letter. Person sending the message. When an other preassigned numbers or symbols represent a predetermined letter.
3: Cryptology- Cipher- Cryptography- Cryptanalysis- | A science of making & solving of codes and ciphers. A method of transforming a message to hide it's meaning. The process of creating codes & ciphers to communicate messages not known to un authorised persons. The process of solving or breaking cryptographic messages. (A.K.A. code breaking)
4: MODERN DAY EXAMPLES
5: ATM'S Internet Military
6: BUT WHY IS IT SO IMPORTANT AND HOW DOES IT RELATE TO ME?????
7: "The multiple human needs and desires that demand privacy among two or more people in the midst of social life must inevitably lead to cryptology wherever men thrive and wherever they write." (Kahn)
8: "The increase in computer power and connectivity has changed the face of science and engineering, just as it has generated new opportunities for all Americans. We are entering an era in which information is available to anyone, located anywhere, at any time. As such we are faced with the challenge of understanding and managing larger and more complex systems in natural, social, material, financial and manufacturing spheres. Over the past year, the Division of Mathematical Sciences has been exploring ways in which mathematical scientists might contribute to this challenge. There are many. For example, the transmission, organization, representation, control, presentation, security and integrity of data are central to modern communications, computing and networking and very clearly require involvement of mathematical scientists. The latter two, security and integrity of data, have been developed primarily by the security sector, and more recently, by industry. Academic research has not included cryptography and coding theory in a major way. So although both cryptography and coding theory are areas in which mathematical scientists can make, and have made, important contributions, the Division questioned whether there was a niche that could be filled by academic mathematical scientists. The Division sponsored a workshop on cryptography and coding theory on April 17-18, 1997. The participants included researchers from the security sector, industry and academics. The outcome of the workshop was a report outlining the state and future of these areas as envisioned by this working group. The report of this working group is enclosed. The Division welcomes proposals in these general areas. In particular, proposals joint with computer scientists are considered highly appropriate. These proposals can be submitted to the Algebra & Number Theory program".
9: This letter from Donald J. Lewis to his collegues at the national science convention,is proof that the world is in need of tools which can process all the information our enormus society creates. Electronics have helped, with their computer brains they can rapidly pass on messages.These messages are delivered to other electronic devices which process the information and completes the transaction. This eliminates the need for a person to relay messages or information and insures prompt delivery without error.