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Economy in the New England Colonies

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BC: Social Studies is Fun! Created for Miss Tyler's Social Studies Classes by Miss Tyler

FC: Economy in the New England Colonies

1: Read about the different economic industries in the New England Colonies. As you read, take notes about the natural, human, and capital resources used in each industry and the products each industry produced. Challenge: What text features are used throughout the book to help you understand each industry and determine the resources used? Make a list on the back of your paper if you finish early.

2: Forestry Forestry was an important industry in colonial New England. Lush forests of oak and pine trees were cut down by lumberjacks by hand with axes. The cut trees were sent to the sawmill so they could be made into planks, or thick boards that could be used to build ships.

3: Axes were used by the lumberjacks to cut down the trees in the forest. | Trees were cut into logs and stacked in piles to be sent to the sawmill.

4: Sap and turpentine from the pine trees was collected to make pitch. Pitch was a sticky substance used by shipbuilders to seal the wood and make the ship water tight.

5: The Sawmill | At the saw mill the mill workers turned logs in to wooden boards called planks. | Logs from trees that had been cut down were floated down the river to the sawmill to be cut into planks.

6: The sawmill was powered by water and waterwheel that was connected to gears that turned a shaft inside the mill. As the shaft turned, the logs moved down the belt and were cut by the saw blade in to planks that could be used to build ships.

7: Shipbuilding was an important industry in the New England colonies. Early shipbuilders used a variety of materials to build their ships. Wooden planks and iron nails were used to form the body of the boat and pitch was used to seal the wood so the boat would be watertight. | Shipbuilding

8: Wood was also used to create the ship wheel. An iron rudder on the bottom of the ship was used with the ship wheel to steer the ship in open water. | ship rudder

9: An iron anchor, canvas sails and rope were all part of a completed ship. | Challenge: What tools do you think shipbuilders used to build ships? Include your answers in the capital resources section on your chart.

10: Another important industry was whaling. Colonial whalers launched small row boats into the Atlantic Ocean and hunted the whales. | Whaling

11: The whales were hunted using a harpoon attached to a rope. Together several men would throw their harpoons at one whale in order to capture it. | When the whale was captured the men would use the rope to pull the whale close enough to the boat so it could be killed.

12: Once the whale was killed, the men towed it back to shore. The whalers then cut up or boiled the whale's blubber to make oil. Oil from whale blubber was used in oil lamps and was popular because it burned brightly without an unpleasant odor. | oil lamp

13: Many coastal towns in the New England Colonies prospered because of good fishing in the Atlantic Ocean. Codfish, lobster, oysters, and crabs were all caught by local fishermen. | Fishing

14: Nets, hooks, and fishing rods were all used on a fishing boat. New England fishermen often caught more fish then they needed. This surplus (extra amount) of fish was usually dried and sold or traded.

15: Fur Trade One other important colonial industry was the fur trade. Men went into the forests of the Appalachian Mountains to hunt and trap beavers. They used rifles and snare traps in order to capture and kill the beavers. | Once trapped and killed, the beaver furs, or pelts were collected and sold to hat makers to make hats. These hats were exported to Europe and were used in trading.

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Amy  Tyler
  • By: Amy T.
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  • Title: Economy in the New England Colonies
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  • Started: about 6 years ago
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