S: Ethics and Law, Ch. 1 & 2
FC: Ethics and Law Ch. 1 & 2 Sierra Harrington & Reggie Willie (: 11/6/10
1: BY : Reggie and Sierra BESTFRIENDS (: 11/6/10
2: Ethics & Morals | Ethics - this is the study of what is good and what is not good | Morals - personal judgments of the good and the bad.
3: Duties & Values | Duties - individual actions that are considered moral. | Values - elements of desirability, worth, or importance.
4: Discretionary Powers | 1. The power to take away people's rights 2. The power to when and who to investigate. 3. The power to issue someone a ticket, or to let someone off.
5: Morality & the Law | Laws in the form of statues tell us how to do things. Laws against bad behavior..exception is the Good Samaritan Law, exists in some states and in Europe. Some laws from the past are now considered immoral. Crimes are composed of : actus reus, mens rea, and causation.
6: Act - an act must be present..intent behind act is important..know intent before judgment. Only Human Acts - judgments of moral or ethical behavior are directed specifically to human behavior | Making Moral Judgments
7: Free Will - the ability to make your own choice in a decision..you have the free will to make the choice without being swayed. Affect others - you should consider how your actions will affect in the short and long runs.
8: Ethical Dilemmas | They are situations in which a person must make a choice about what to do and the struggles they have to face to make the right choice.
9: 1. review all the facts. 2. identify the potentials values. 3. identify moral issues 4. decide the right moral/ethical choice. 5. resolve the dilemma by using ethical decisions.
10: Characteristics of ethical systems | 1. a source of moral beliefs. 2. underlying premises from which you make judgments. 3. beyond arguments.
11: Deontological - a system that is concerned with good will. ex : if you do something based off goodwill it's not bad. | Teleological - concerned with the act. ex : even if you do something with bad intent but ends up good, its considered good.
12: Other methods of ethical decision making. | can be brought on based on inductive logic. one who poses inductive logic had common sense, open minds, they would know their own emotions, and the would have a well rounded knowledge of humans. | simply, does it affect others? does it hurt others? would i want it done if I were on the other side? would I be proud if it was made public?
13: three principles of decision making are : 1. the imperative principle - a decision based on an unchangeable rule. 2. the unilitarian principle - determines the decision based on good or bad consequences that may come from the said decision. 3. the generalization principle - based on " What would happen if everyone did it under these circumstances?"
14: Ethical Relativism | does not change based on moral absolutes but on the person or group decides the good or bad change. | what is right is comes by the cultural or individual belief not so much the universal laws.
15: Cultural Relativism | good change that is relevant to health and society, not a person or group. | the decision of good is made to benefit the culture, and not biased towards one person of their group, it benefits everyone.
16: situational ethics | basic principles of right and wrong. can be applied to ethical dilemmas and moral issues. different situations need different results. depending on needs, concerns, relationships, resources, weaknesses, and strengths. treat the person with the utmost care and respect one another. do one's duty in a that does not violate the first point.
17: All research from James Pollock, Ethical Dilemmas . Sixth Edition. Ch. 1-2. All picture coursty of Yahoo! Images. Copyrights approved.