FC: Project "C" in Birmingham
1: Birmingham was one of the most segregated places in Alabama. It was a hard place for us African Americans to live in. Peaceful Protesters where sometimes beaten or arrested during sit-ins. In Birmingham less than 10% where registered to vote, and black and white neighborhoods where created. If a Black person tried to move to the white Neighborhoods they would be met with opposition. Our Governor George Wallace declared, "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever." Martin Luther King Jr. said, "That if we get a breakthrough in Birmingham it will demonstrate to the South that we can no longer resist integration." Even though there were civil rights movements there. I remember the days when the SCLC, or Southern Christian Leadership Conference had boycotts and sit-ins to fight for civil rights, but this began to lose steam, and lose volunteers, so they had students join the protests and trained them in the ways of nonviolence.
2: Students went to the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church to march and protest after they were trained in nonviolence. Those children were as brave as brave can be!
3: This is the Safety Commissioner Bull Connor who ordered the police to spray the children with strong fire hoses and let their dogs on them. He was an awful man to harm those children so.
4: I remember these men well. These fire men are spraying the children at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church march.
5: Here a student who is being attacked by a police dog under the order of Bull Connor in the march at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church. What a terrible sight this was to see.
6: Martin Luther King Jr. joined the marches in Birmingham. However, he was taken to a paddy wagon after one of these marches by a police man.
7: The most awful thing happened at my my home in Birmingham. At the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church four African American girls were killed by a bomb that exploded next to the church.
8: This coffin contains one of the four girls from the bombing at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church. I remember seein' that coffin with my very own eyes.
9: The death of these girls brought out a strong reaction in many people, myself included. Their deaths also fueled the fire for more marches. There was a march in memory of these girls, which I joined in.
10: The Birmingham Crusade or Project "C" in Birmingham made a large impact in the lives of many people. I know it made an impact on my life! It made it so that White city officials and black leaders made an agreement that lunch counters, restrooms, and water fountains would be desegregated; businesses would maintain nondiscriminatory hiring practices; and a biracial committee would oversee further desegregation. It also motivated many people and Civil Rights demonstrations across the country. Project "C" in Birmingham was a major and crucial part of the civil rights movement.