FC: Developmental Psychology Module Response A.B. Liebowitz
1: Students often have difficulty learning concepts. Instead of understanding the material, they memorize the information inorder to do well on a test or to make a decent grade. As a result, they are often unable to create their own examples of problem solving, or utilize concepts correctly.
2: Based on readings and the work of Lev Vygotsky, there are various strategies that teachers can use to help students understand difficult concepts.
3: According to Vygotsky, he believed that 'social interactions create our cognitive structure.'
4: Vygotsky believed that cognitive development is enhanced with people who are more advanced in their thinking- such as with parents and teachers.
5: The goal is for learners to interact with the world around them so that they can construct their own meaning of the world.
6: Students need to be active learners, so that they can construct their own understanding in their own mind. Role playing and puppetry may be used to provide opportunities for the children to develop concepts.
7: By engaging in the arts... | or by learning through music.. These are also some strategies to show students how to construct knowledge.
8: Providing students with opportunities to explore items in their environment is essential. | Using technology to enhance skills, also helps students to develop their abilities to apply concepts into meaningful situations.
9: Teachers are an active mentor in the learning process. They provide encouragement to students, so that learning can be built by using their own prior knowledge.
10: Students can use technology to facilitate learning new concepts. Teachers can create follow up activties for students using the computer, or by providing opportunities to utilize web 2.0 learning tools. | Students can take pictures to tell stories, or even make movies. They can create documentaries or produce drama/theatre productions to further develop concepts.
11: Many students learn materials simply to be able to do well on an exam, and do not fully understand concepts taught to them. As shown in this illustration, children should be able to utilize various methods/approaches to enhance instruction and to further understanding. Students need to be active participants, and should be able to elaborate and interpret the information presented. Meaning should be created by the children, yet facilitated by an instructor. The students should be provided with opportunities to hear other perspectives, so that they can learn information from one another. Children need to be able to express their creativity and develop their individual learning styles so that they are able to learn new concepts and understand them successfully.