FC: Incredible Indians | By: Tatum Eigenberger
1: The Hopewell lived mainly in Michigan, Illinois, and Ohio, but lived everywhere in the yellow. They existed in the Middle and Late Woodland period, which is about 300 BC and 1100 AD.
2: Hopewell clothing shows their wealth and their role. The women wore their hair in buns with bones, knots, or ponytails. The men and boys wore mohoks and ornaments. | A Hopewell chief.
3: Hopewell pottery was used for storage, cooking, and offering things at burial ceremonies. Their pottery was mostly made by using the coiling method, which is when you coil the clay and smooth it into the form you want. their pottery is characterized by crosshatching, band with canbered rims and highly stylized bird motifs. | Hopewell pottery with a bird motif. | Hopewell pottery with a handle.
4: The Hopewell made blades which were made of stone. They were used for meat cutting, cutting fresh hide, and sawing wood. | Divided in groups of three from left to right: meat cutting blades, fresh hide cutting blades, wood sawing blades. | Hopewell blades.
5: The Hopewell used spears for hunting smaller game and also set traps like falling rocks. Later they used bow and arrows for the larger animals. | They used atl-atls on their spears to give them a more accurate and powerful throw. It was a tool they used on a weapon. | This is an atl-atl. | This is a spear head. | This is an arrow head cause it is shorter and smaller than a spear head.
6: Bison | Deer | Squirrel
7: The Hopewell were hunter-gatherers. They hunted rabbits, squirrels, bison and deer. | Rabbit
8: The Hopewell were also farmers. They grew a variety of crops including corn, knotweed, sunflowers, chenopod, barley, and squash. | corn | knotweed | chenopod | squash | barley | sunflower
9: The Hopewell were mound builders. Theyburied their dead and dead's ashes in mounds. Sometimes they buried pottery, stone tools, and special trade items. They also were used as bases or just structures.
10: Serpant effigy mound
11: The Hopewell built effigy mounds. They were burial mounds in the shape of animals for religeous purposes. | Alligator effigy mound
13: The Hopewell built geometric mound too. They were in shapes of circles, squares, and other geometric shapes. They could be 12 ft high and 1000 ft across. They could be burial sites of just monuments.
14: Most people think the Hopewell lived in huts but no one knows for sure because the only evidence that we have is the artifacts archaeologists found in their mounds.
15: We don't know how the Hopewell communicated. They did not use pictographs or petroglyphs.
16: Traded items that the Hopewell got.
17: The Hopewell's trade routes are the Great Lakes to Mexico, the Rocky Mount. to the Atlantic Coast. From the south they traded alligator teeth, conch shells, feathers, pottery, shark teeth and skin. From the east there is mica, wampum beads, and from Lake Superior and Upper Mississippi Valley there is lead and copper. From the west Rockies there is obsidian and grizzly teeth.