S: Key Concepts
FC: Key Concepts | Immigration | White Privilege | Differentiated Instruction
1: White Privilege | "As a child, I believe I once wondered why the school calendar was organized around holidays that my family did not celebrate, and I had heard numerous stories of flight from persecution and arrival in a less than welcoming new land. But I had never been so personally aware of antisemitism until I seared my soul in my friend;s kitchen and I experienced a form of judgment that those who do not have White privilege probably feel on a regular basis." - Deborah Leta Habib | "As a white person, I realized I had been taught about racism as something which puts others at a disadvantage, but had been taught not to see one of its corollary aspects, white privilege which puts me at an advantage." - Peggy McIntosh
2: "I have come to see white privilege as an invisible package of unearned assets which I can count on cashing in each day, but about which I was "meant" to remain oblivious." - Peggy McIntosh | I can if I wish arrange to be in the company of my race most of the time. | I can be sure that if I need legal or medical help my race will not work against me. | I can be sure that my children will be given curricular material that testify to the existence of their race.
3: Immigration | Myth: Most immigrants are here illegally. Truth: Of the more than 31 million foreign-born people living in the U.S. in 2009, about 20 million were either citizens or legal residents. Of those who did not have authorization to be here, about 45% entered the country legally and then let their papers expire. | Myth: Immigrants take good jobs from Americans. Truth: According to the Immigration Policy Center, research indicates there is little connection between immigrant labor and unemployment rates of native-born workers. Here in the U.S., two trends- better education and an aging population- have resulted in a decrease in the number of Americans willing or available to take low-paying jobs.
4: Myth: Undocumented immigrants don't pay taxes but still get benefits. Truth: Undocumented immigrants pay taxes every time they buy gas, clothes or new appliances. They also contribute to property tax- a main source of school funding- when they buy or rent a house, or rent an apartment. The Social Security Administration estimates that half to three quarters of undocumented immigrants pay federal, state, and local taxes. | Myth: Anyone who enters the country illegally is a criminal. Truth: Only very serious misbehavior is generally considered "criminal" in our legal system. Violations of less serious laws are usually "civil" matters and are tried in civil courts. Federal immigration law says that unlawful presence in the country is a civil offense and is, therefore, not a crime. The punishment is deportation.
5: We are now at a point where we must educate our children in what no one knew yesterday, and prepare our schools for what no one knows yet. - Margaret Mead | Differentiated Instruction | Differentiation aims to meet individual needs through a quality curriculum and effective and efficient instructional practices that target groups of students based on learning readiness, individual interests, and preferred ways of learning.
6: Differentiation involves providing students with a variety of avenues through the content, enabling them to make sense and take ownership of the information through the process, guiding them to create products that represent their knowledge, and offering a nurturing environment that builds learner autonomy. | Teachers find it increasingly difficult to ignore the diversity of learners who populate their classrooms. Culture, race, language, economics, gender, experience, motivation, disability, advanced ability, personal interests, learning preferences, and presence or absence of an adult support system are just some of the factors that students bring to school with them in almost stunning variety.
7: Created by Ericka Jones