S: Letters from a Civil War Soldier
BC: The contents of this Ebook are from: A Civil War Soldier in the Wild Cat Regiment: Selections from the Tilton C. Reynolds Papers (c. 1861 - 1865). Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Washington, DC 20540, USA URL: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/tcreynolds/index.html
FC: A Civil War Soldier in the Wild Cat Regiment: Selections from the Tilton C. Reynolds Papers
1: Reynoldsville, PA | 120 miles Northeast of Pittsburgh
2: Tilton C. Reynolds was born on October 26, 1843 to Thomas and Julia Reynolds. He was the eldest of seven children (Tilton, Arthur, Clarinda, Margaret, Thomas, John, and William). Seventeen year old Tilton enlisted with the 105th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers in September of 1861. He served as a Private in Company H. After basic training he was detailed as a clerk at the headquarters of the First Division, Third Army Corps. He kept this post until the Battle of Fair Oaks (May, 1862) where he fought and was captured by Confederate Troops. He spent the next several months in Confederate prisons in Virginia and North Carolina until he was exchanged (September, 1862). After a short leave of absence Reynolds rejoined his Company. Nine months later he was promoted to sergeant-major and two months after that he was promoted again to Captain and took command of Company H. He remained in service until the end of the war when the 105th Regiment mustered out in July of 1865. Tilton returned to Reynoldsville Pennsylvania, married and had two children. At the start of the 20th Century he served as a member of the PA state police force in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Tilton C. Reynolds died in 1913 at the age of 70 and is buried at Beuhela Cemetary in Reynoldsville, PA.
3: TIMELINE OF EVENTS 105TH PENNSYLVANIA "WILD CAT" VOLUNTEERS
4: No 46 White Sulphur Springs August 5th 1863 Dear Mother, This morning I seat myself to write a few lines to you although I have nothing of any importance to write. I wrote to you on the 3rd and give you a complete (or as near as I could complete) history of our campaign. Some places I jumped over rather quick but it was for want of time. This is a magnificent morning. It rained last night and this morning it is clear and pleasant. I have not yet had my breakfast but it will be ready soon. I commenced numbering my letters again though I had forgot the last number though I guess it is not very particular. We are expecting pay soon (2 months). That $10.00 Bill Green give me to send home I spent as we went through Maryland. I will as soon as we get paid send it to you and will also see [?] about sending some home. He is here now. Ed Lewis and Jim Reed are here too. They will be court Martialed and lose their pay but that is all. Andy Hoar will be very apt to be Shot. They are shooting nearly every one now who Deserts and it is right they should (for if not the whole army would Desert in a Short time). We moved Camp Yesterday a Short distance and have got a beautiful place. We will very likely stay here until the army is recruited. It is a very healthy place and near Warenton [Warrenton] where Supplies can be got easily. I suppose you have often heard of People visiting these springs for their health. There is a beautiful Stream here about the size of Sandy where we can go in Bathing when ever we wish. "Oh! it is delightful." Well I guess I have wrote a Sufficiency so I will close. Give my love to all tell [?] Reynolds I would like to have an answer to my letter that I wrote to him about a 1/2 a "Century" ago. Well I must close. Good by Dear Mother. T. Reynolds [P.S.] I send you some poetry which I think is very nice. A dying Soldiers farewell to his Mother.
5: Camp Bullock Near Brandy St Va Feb 27, 1864 Dear Mother, To night I Recd a letter from you which letter informed me that you no longer Regarded me in the same light as did you before my visit home. This I am very sorry for-- as all may well know-- for my love for you is deep & lasting as you might have seen on the morn of my departure for I had determined not to shed a tear when starting but alas! I could not refrain. True I was wild while at home. I knew I had but a short time to stay and I concluded to have as good a time as was possible. Can you blame me? If I partook of the Intoxicating Bowl it was not because I had any desire to do so but merely to please my many friends. Good god! would I have any inclination to become a Drunkard. Forbid it ye god! Surely I am not an Idiot. Do you think me Blind? Or because I was a little fast do you think my senses evaporated? I hope neither. I think I Know my own Biz. Were I to come home to remain I trust you would see a different appearance on me. I am sorry you are all sick at home. Why dont you turn Mrs. W out. Why do you Keep her. T. Mc is overseer of the poor you are not. Do not keep her any longer. But I will close. Good night & dont think me utterly depraved. Your loving son. T.R.
6: Camp Bullock Va March 29 1864 Dear Brother, Your Very Kind and interesting letter arrived at its destination a few mornings since. But owing to a pressing lot of Business I could not get time to answer it until now. Please Excuse me. I got a letter from Clara last night which I will answer immediately for fear she gives me a Blowing up for neglect of duty, but as Postage Stamps are a little scarce I will send them both in One. I guess I will have to tell you about the misfortune I met with on my way to the Army. Well after arriving in Camp Copeland Near Pittsburg [Pittsburgh] Pa I thought it rather dull and concluded to put in as much time as possible. Accordingly Sam Jones, George, Sharp and I started for McKeesport about 4 miles from camp. We took the cars about dark and went up there and put up at the National Hotel and Staid all night. The next morning we had intended to take the 11 O clock train and go to Camp but the train was behind time and we got tired of waiting and So we went to the Frement house to have a little Sport. After being in there a Short time there was a Citizen came in and McClellans picture being Stuck up in the Room I thought I would ask him what he thought of it. He told me he thought him a Damnd good man and said he would vote for him for the next president.
7: That made me mad and I went up to him deliberately and knocked him down. After he got up he started out and as near as I can find out he got about 14 Bullys and came in there with them and they all piled on us 4. I forgot to say that Ed Lewis was along he having come to us shortly after we left camp. They used Sling Shots and Billeys on us to perfection. I got knocked down the first one. I was talking to one fellow when I was struck with a Sling Shot at the But of the ear and down went Mr. Reynolds. I got up again but was soon felled again. I got up two or three times but was knocked down as fast as I could raise. Jones and Sharp was Served in like manner. To tell the truth we was all Badly whipped. I had one eye [Banged?] shut and my Ears cut up [nasty?]. I was kicked in the ribs until I vomited a quart of Clotted Blood. But they could not make us Sing Enough any how. The Col Commanding Camp Copeland Said he would have the men arrested if he could find them. They did not a say a word to us. I am all right now. I had a Big row at [Keleysburg?] and one at Indiana but I came off conquered at both. Well I must close. You need not tell any body about this. Good Night. Yours Truly TR [P.S.] Write Soon
8: Camp of 105 P.V.V. June 20 1864 Near Petersburg Va Dear Mother, We are Still in front of Petersburg but have not yet got possession of the City though I think it will fall ere long. We had a hard charge night before last in which we lost heavy. Capt Conser was wounded though not fatally. Jones is all right. Co H lost none killed. We are in the front line only about 100 yds from the Rebs. We keep pelting it into them all the time So they dont hardly Stick their heads about the pits. We moved last night to this place & built the works. There is no line between us picket or anything else. I was out yesterday & fired Some 40 or 50 rds at the Johnnys. I also give them a few today. Uncle John is all right. I will close. We are to be relieved from the front to night. Dont fret about me. Good By T. Reynolds [P.S.] High Private Co H
9: Near Deep Bottom Va Aug 17th 1864 Dear Mother, It has been nearly a week Since I wrote to you and has been equally as long a time Since I recd any news from you. Since my last we have changed our base considerable having moved from the front of the Petersburg on to the Peninsula. We embarked at City 1st on the 13th inst & landed at deep Bottom on the morning of the 14th. We have had some pretty severe fighting Since we came and yesterday our Regt suffered a loss which can never be replaced. Capt Craig while gallantly leading the Brigade into action was mortally wounded and Died this morning at 3 O clock. Col Craig was a man that was beloved & respected by all that knew him. He was brave & generous always had a kind word & a pleasant Smile for every one. In his death the Country has lost a devoted patriot the Se[r]vice a true & gallant Soldier & the Regt its friend and protector. He was commanding the Brigade at the time of his death & when the news reached the Regt a gloom seemed to settle over all. Only the day before he was killed Gen Hancock gave him command of one of the most responsible positions on the line & nobly did he carry out every order given him. But now he is no more. O God that he could have been spared. It seems So hard that so noble a man must fall. O Cruel war what misery & Sorrow thou art sowing through our Land. Had the Col lived a short time he would have been awarded a Star for no Col in the Army stood higher in the estimation of the Command officers then did Col Craig. Capt Barr was also dangerously if not mortally wounded on the same day. Only 2 Enlisted men of the Regt were killed, one of the old men & a Recruit. 23 were wounded Some mortally. Our Reynoldsville Boys are all right. I have not time to write more. We were relieved from the front line this afternoon. Your Loving Son. Tilton Reynolds P.S. I have written this in a great hurry & in the rain at that so you must excuse all mistakes T.R.
10: Illustration was hand-drawn by Tilton C. Reynolds - undated | FALL OF THE REBELLION
11: Geographical locations of Tilton C. Reynolds as he wrote his letters