FC: Madagascar Created By: Muhammed Makled Dominic Mathews 3rd Hour
1: In this book you will learn the following about Madagascar: Geography Historical Backround People and Population Economy Government Current Events
2: Location Madagascar is an island off Africa's southeast coast. It is the fourth largest island in the world. It has a surface area of 226,444 square miles. It is in the Indian Ocean and is separated from Africa by the 500 mile wide Mozambique Channel. | Geography | Topography Madagascar has three main plateaus. The highest point on the island is the top of a volcano named Androna which rises 9,439 feet. There are also three main river basins. The coastline is straight and has sand dunes and mangrove swamps on the southeastern side and bays on the northwestern side.
3: Places of Interest A major site in Madagascar is The Rainforests of Atsinanana. They are made of six national parks along the eastern part of the island. They are beutiful and also help keep Madagascar in check. Madagascar's plant and animal life evolved because of its seperation from other land masses. The rainforests are also important for the support many endangered species. | Climate Madagascar has two seasons. The hot, wet season lasts from November to April, and the cooler, drier season last from May to October. Madagascar is sometimes hit by cyclones and flooding can be serious. The east coast is of the island receives 146 inches of rain a year. The other side of the island receives 92 inches. July is the coolest month and December is the hottest month. | Geography
4: Historical Backround | Three major historical events that took place in Madagascar are: the unification of Madagascar under a single state, a process lasting from the late 18th to the early 19th centuries, French colonization which happened because of too much communication with Madagascar in the 1896, and the revolt against colonial rule to become a free country in 1960. They were ruled by the French when trying to devolp the new country. They were sick of food shortages and all the bad so on March 29, 1947 they revolted. They were controlled but eventually gained freedom in 1960. After Madagascar gained independence from France in 1960, assassinations, military coups and disputed elections featured prominently. Didier Ratsiraka took power in a military coup in 1975 and ruled until 2001.
5: People and Population | As of 2008 the esimated population of Madagascar was 20,042,551. There are 5 prominent etnic groups throughout Madagascar which are: 18 Malagasy tribes, small groups of Comorans, French, Indians, and Chinese. Most people foloow traditional beliefs. The numbers roll out like this: Traditional beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%.
6: Economy | Major industries in Madagascar are processed food, clothing, textiles, mining, paper, refined petroleum products, glassware, construction, soap, cement, and tanning leather. The major agricultural products are rice, livestock, seafood, coffee, vanilla, sugar, cloves, cotton, sisal, peanuts, and tobacco. The main natural resources found are graphite, chrome, coal, bauxite, ilmenite, nickel, gold, oil, tar sands, precious and semiprecious stones, and hardwoods. The GDP of Madagascar is an estimated $7.322 billion. The GDP per capita is about $1,100.
7: Government | Madagascar currently has a republic government. There is many leaders. The main leaders of government are: President-Marc Ravalomanana Prime Minister, Chief of the Government, and Minister of Interior--Charles Rabemananjara
8: Conclusion | Madagascar is a pretty new country and is sill getting into the swing of things. They are currently having a revolt within the country because of presidency. Two months after all the fighting and political turmoil calmed down, former opposition leader Andry Rajoelina was inaugurated in front of thousands of supporters Saturday as Madagascar's president. The United States has been very busy trying to help settle things there.
9: References | I used the following pages: http://www.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/africa/03/21/madagascar.president/index.html?iref=newssearch http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5460.htm http://www.henry.k12.ga.us/PGES/instruction/kid-pages/islands/madagascar/location.html http://www.travelnotes.org/Africa/images/madagascar.gif http://www.strive4impact.com/callingadvice_files/flags/madagascar-flag.jpg http://www.admin.uio.no/fa/felles/countries/africa/images/Africa%20Satellite%20small.jpg http://www.raahi.com/images/destination/images/BN1775_22.jpg http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/images/38591000/jpg/_38591653_md_didier_bbc150.jpg http://www.jon-atkinson.com/Large%20Images/La_MADAGASCAR12.jpg http://www.malango-actualite.com/photos/charles_rabemananjara.jpg http://www.topnews.in/files/MARC_0.jpg