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Memphis History

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Memphis History - Page Text Content

BC: Acknowledgments Pictures taken by Jasmine Hill Museum: Pink Palace Memphis,TN

FC: Memphis History | Pink Palace Museum Memphis,TN

1: The Civil War left Memphis in a depression. Aftermath of this war struck Memphians hard. The epidemic of the yellow fever also broke out around this period.

2: These pictures depict the life of early Americans as they settled along the bluffs of Memphis. The effigy pots are what they used for various things. They mostly were made to copy an animal of some kind. The image with the woman in the cabin shows how they lived. As one can notice, everything was done in a one room house. They sat, ate and slept all in one room.

5: 1826 - Memphis incorporated on December 19. 1827 - County seat moved from Memphis to Raleigh. 1840 - Memphis Appeal Newspaper is organized. 1845 - U.S. government establishes a navy yard in the city. 1850 - Memphis and South Memphis merge. 1857 - The Memphis & Charleston Railroad completed, linking the Atlantic Ocean and the Mississippi River. 1862 - On June 6, Union fleet defeats Confederate naval forces in the Battle of Memphis. Federal troops occupy the city. Memphis serves as temporary state capital. 1863 - Grant names Memphis as hospital and supply base to support the attack on Vicksburg. 1865 - The Memphis Freedmen's Bureau established to provide services such as banking and education.

6: The city grew as a center for transporting, grading and marketing the growing volumes of cotton produced in the nearby Mississippi delta in the antebellum era. Memphis was a crossing point on the Mississippi River for Native Americans expelled from their original lands to Indian Territory on the Trail of Tears. In 1831 Alexis De Tocqueville witnessed "a numerous band of Choctaws" crossing the River at Memphis.

7: The cotton economy of the antebellum South depended on the forced labor of large numbers of African-American slaves, and Memphis became a major slave market. Prior to the Civil War, one quarter of the city's population were slaves.Seeking their freedom, slaves turned to the Underground Railroad to escape to the free states of the North, and the Memphis home of Jacob Burkle was a way-station on their route to freedom.

10: Memphis Architecture

14: The history of medicine, dentistry, nursing and pharmacy in Memphis.

16: Memphis became known for its medical advances. This wall shows how it progressed and what was commonly used around the Mid-South area.

18: Doctor's Room

19: Medical Progression

20: Pharmacy Prescriptions

23: Piggly Wiggly was the first true self-service grocery store. It was founded on September 6, 1916, at 79 Jefferson Avenue in Memphis, Tennessee, by Clarence Saunders. A replica of the original store has been constructed in the Memphis Pink Palace Museum and Planetarium, a mansion that Saunders built as his private residence, and was later sold to the city. Piggly Wiggly Corporation secured the self-service format and issued franchises to hundreds of grocery retailers for the operation of its stores. The concept of the "self-serving store" was patented by Saunders in 1917. Customers at Piggly Wiggly entered the store through a turnstile and walked through four aisles to view the store’s 605 items sold in packages and organized into departments. The customers selected merchandise as they continued through the maze to the cashier. Instantly, packaging and brand recognition became important to companies and consumers.

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  • By: jasmine h.
  • Joined: over 5 years ago
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  • Title: Memphis History
  • A brief history on Memphis,TN. Pictures are taken from the historic Pink Palace Museum.
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  • Published: over 5 years ago