S: North West Coast Natives
FC: North West Coast natives BY:Julia rakhman
1: Table of Contents Title geographical location 2 and 3 Clothing 4 and 5 Food 6 and 7 Arrival Of The Europeans 8 and 9 Bibliography 10 and 11
2: Geographical location The Northwest Coast Natives lived in places where there were lush forests. Actually, they lived in one of the wettest spots in the world. They lived in a place that today is called, British Columbia. Their trees grow as tall as 25-storey buildings! Rain forests provided them everything they needed to live. Better weather comes in spring. As you can see, the Northwest Coast Natives had no problems with food and water.
4: Clothing The Northwest Coast Natives wore clothing. They usually went barefoot. Most of the time, they wore little clothing. Some of the Northwest Coast Natives wore capes like ponchos. Often women wore two capes, one was a skirt. A fur collar was added to a cape to keep the rough material from scratching the person’s neck. The Northwest Coast Natives mostly made their clothes from cedar bark. Cedar bark was pounded and shredded into fibres; fibres were woven onto a loom. They used goat, dog hair, sagebrush and bird feathers, they mixed this items together with bark. Most of the Northwest Coast Natives wore hats. Usually hats had cone-shaped crowns and wide brims. Hats protected them from heavy winter rains and the bright summer sun. Hats were made from strips of split spruce root, woven together so tight the hats were waterproof. Over all, you can see that the Northwest Coast Natives were very creative when it came to their clothing.
5: The Northwest Coast Natives wore moccasins during the winter. | Clothes were made from shed or bark. | Bird feathers were used to make clothes.
6: FOOD Northwest Coast Natives loved fish and meat. They mostly ate salmon. The Northwest Coast Natives also ate halibut, cod, flounder, and herring. The fish was cooked on sticks, over fire. Northwest Coast Natives dipped fish in fish oil and ate with their fingers. Northwest Coast Natives also ate fish stew with fish oil. Everything was eaten with fish oil, even desserts. They loved it so much that they put it on blueberries and strawberries. Sometimes, hunters would hunt meat, including deer meat. Blubber of animals was eaten raw at a “blabber feast”. The North West Coast Natives would wrap a long strip of blubber around their neck, then cut off a piece and swallow it whole. Chewing it was considered very bad manners. It was good manners to keep eating. The more you ate, the more people admired you. Some of The Northwest Coast Natives swallowed as many as six strips during the blubber feast! As you can see, the Northwest Coast Natives had lots of food and didn't stick to one main food.
7: The symbol of salmon | Natives hunting | Deer meat
8: Arrival Of The Europeans Salish tribe meets the Europeans- Captain James Cook was the first to make contact with the Salish tribe. He came to the west coast of Vancouver Island. The Salish traded fur with the Europeans, they got in return blankets, decorations, copper pots and guns. In 1858, the contact with the Europeans and trading increased quickly. The Europeans became the government. This was bad for the Salish people, as their culture began to disappeared. Haida tribe meets the Europeans- The Hilda was visited by Spanish Explorer Juan Perez on his ship in 1774. In 1787, George Dixon, a British fur trader names the Haida Gwaii the “Queen Charlotte Island”. In 1851, Europeans arrived at Haida Gwaii to take gold that was discovered there. In 1880, many ships from England and New England began visiting the coast, mainly to trade. In 1904, the population of the Haida became 800, because of disease that killed them, including smallpox and measles. As you can see, the Europeans took over.
9: Natives trading with the Europeans
10: Bibliography If You Lived With The Indians Of The Northwest Coast Author: Anne Kamma Illustrated By: Ramela Johnson Publisher: Scholastic INC. Place Of Publication: London Year of Publication: 2002 First Peoples and First Contacts Author: Daniel Francis Publisher: Oxford University Press Place of Publication: Canada Year Of Publication: 2000 Canadian Aboriginal Art And Culture Salish Author: Christina Webster Publisher: Weigl Educational Publishers Limited Place Of Publication: Canada Year Of Publication: 2008 Canadian Aboriginal Art And Culture Haida Author: Jennifer Nault Publisher: Weigl Educational Publishers Limited Place Of Publication: Canada = Year Of Publication: 2008