FC: Modifiers By: Tyler Kratz and Laura Bevil
1: Modifiers: Words or groups of word that change or limit the meanings of other words.
2: Modify a noun or pronoun. | Tells which one, what kind, how many or how much. | Adjectives
3: Examples: 1- The red car honked its horn. 2- The small text was hard to read.
4: Predicate Adjectives | They follow linking verbs and describe the subject. Examples: My friends are very intelligent.
5: Use adjectives after linking verbs such as look, feel, grow, taste, and smell. Example: The cookies taste yummy.
6: Adverbs | Modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. | Tell where, when, how or to what extent.
7: Examples: 1- The children played outside. 2- He worked very hard.
8: Adjective or Adverb? | Adverbs usually are formed by adding -ly to an adjective. | Examples: sweet ---> sweetly gentle---> gently
9: If you add a -ly to a noun it will usually create a adjective. | Examples: friend---> friendly woman---> womanly
10: Comparison of Modifiers | There are three different forms of comparisons.
11: POSITIVE: -describes a single thing, group or action. ex:His father's hands were strong. | COMPARATIVE: -compares two things, groups or actions ex: His father's hands were stronger than his own. | SUPERLATIVE: - describes more than two things, groups or actions. ex: His father's hands were the strongest in the family.
12: Regular Comparisons | Add -er to most adjective and adverbs to create the Comparative form.. Add -est to most adjective and adverbs to create the Superlative form. | Example: positive- small comparative- smaller superlative-smallest
13: Irregular Comparisons | Some modifiers have irregular forms. | Example: positive- good comparative- better superlative- best
14: Using Modifiers Correctly | -Farther is used for distance. Further is for everything else. -Using comparisons with -er endings with more or using comparisons with -est endings with most is incorrect. Ex: Incorrect-I like him more better. Correct- I like him better. - Use other or else in a comparison of an individual with a group. Ex: The student was better at math than the other students. -Bad describes the subject. Badly never describes a noun. Make sure to use the correct form. Ex:Incorrect- Casey felt badly after she saw her test score. Correct:Casey felt bad after she saw her test score.
15: - Avoid using double adjectives. Don't use "no" with a sentence that already has a -n't with the verb. Instead use words such as any. Ex: Incorrect- I don't have no money. Correct- I don't have any money. -Place the modifier as close to the word it modifies as possible. If there too far away the sentence may sound confusing. Ex: Incorrect- We lost the ball in the backyard which which was yellow. Correct- We lost the ball that was yellow in the backyard.