S: Native Americans Traditions Project
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FC: Native Americans Traditions Project | By: Katia Garcia & Juanita Londono
1: Table of contents | GPS Essential Questions...............2 Paleo...........................................................4 Archaic.....................................................8 Woodland.................................................12 Mississippian........................................16
2: GPS E.Q's | 1. What caused the early prehistoric societies to be on the move, and once they stopped their nomadic existence, how did their society change? The cause for the prehistoric societies to be on the move was that they would follow the animals they hunted wherever they went. The animals started to move in search of food because of the ice age, and so did the prehistoric societies until they stopped moving. Once they stopped moving their societies changed. They learned how to farm and they developed new cultures.
3: 2. How did various developments in the culture of prehistoric Native Americans mark their evolution from the Paleo period through the Mississippian Period? Various developments in their culture marked their evolution because they started to live in groups and as the time passed these groups became clans until they became villages. 3. What impact did environment have on the development of the prehistoric Native American culture? The environment also helped to the development of the prehistoric Native Americans because the environment would allow them to learn how to farm and to develop new helpful skills.
4: Paleo | Climate: cold climate Migration: The Paleo Indians migrated from Asia to North America through the land bridge. They came following the animals they hunted.
5: 10,000 - 8,000 BC Food:Their diet was mainly meat from giant bison, mastodons, giant sloths, and other large animals.They also ate berries, wild fruit and vegetables. Tool/Weapons/Artifacts: Spear points, Clovis points, and knifes.
6: Housing: The Paleo Indians would use temporary shelters, they would sleep in caves or they dug pits. Settlement: The Paleo Indians were nomads, they didn't have a permanent settlement.
7: Religion: The Paleo Indians buried their people with artifacts and covered their bodies with a red powder. Type of mounds they built: The Paleo Indians didn't build mounds.
8: Archaic | Climate: warm climate Migration: Migrated with each season for the best food source. They were nomads.
9: fOOD: Deer,bear, small game, fish, berries, nuts and wild fruits and vegetables. Tools/Weapons: created the atlatl. at the end of their period they discovered pottery. choppers, drills and chipping tools. | Archaic Period:8000-1000BCE
10: Housing: lived in semi-permanent shelters. Settlement: lived in small groups of archaic people.
11: Religion: Believed in after life. they had proper burial for the dead with tools, body ornaments, and weapons. Type of mound they built: Middens-a big pit used as a garbage pile.
12: Woodland | Migration: Woodland Indians were living constantly for several years, in villages up and down the river valleys of the mid west. Climate: The climate during the Woodland period is similar to the one today but shorter growing seasons.
13: 1,000 BC - 900 CE | Tool/Weapons/Artifacts: The Woodland Indians perfection the use of clay pottery.They would use the it for cooking, storage and transportable containers. The bow and arrow started to be use during the Woodland period. Food: During the Woodland period the Indians started to farm, nuts became part of their diet as well as squash and corn. Deer meat was supplemented with bear, moose, smaller game and fish.
14: Settlement: The Woodland Indians would choose areas in the valley floor with some dry lands for gardens, and wetlands for gathering, fishing and hunting. They had seasonal short term camps. Housing: The houses were dome shaped huts.
15: Religion: Curved animals such as falcons, eagles, otters, ducks, and beavers. Many show the special place of animals that can travel in than one world. Type of mound they built: They built the Kolomoki Mounds, and also Rock Eagle. Their mounds were sometimes shaped in the forms of animals and some had rounded tops.
16: Mississippian | Climate: they lived in a warm climate but later cooler days came and that made for the Mississippians to live less. Migration: They settled on the by the Mississippi river and then they traveled to the southeast.
17: Food: Mostly did a lot of farming. they had a much more variety of food than the other Native Americans. Tools/Weapons: Knives, drills, and the bow and arrow. | 1,000-1600
18: Settlement: Mainly around large rivers and streams. They built homes in large piece of land. Most of them were surrounded by wooden palisades. and around that they would make a moat with maybe some scary creatures. Housing: Built wattles and daubs to live in.
19: Religion: They buried people with food,tools, ornaments, copper, seashells, stone, and other ceremonial objects of wood. Type of mound they built: Created large flat-topped mounds with temples and other ceremonial buildings. inside of the top there were burial places.