FC: Observations | Inferences | & | on The Erie Canal by Craig A. Doherty and Katherine M Doherty | By: Kristyn S.
1: Yes, there is a difference between an observation and an inference. An observation is a view on a subject, picture, or text. An inference is a guess about the outcome of an action based on your prior knowledge or factual information in a text. It could be proved correct or incorrect. This book will give you some examples to help you learn about observations and inferences. | Is there a difference?
2: Observation: | There are locks in the river and the caption below the picture says "Locks were needed to raise and lower boats" | With background knowledge on the lock system in canals i can make an inference of...
3: Both large and small boats travel on the Erie Canal. | Inference:
4: Inference: Men had to spend long hours using shovels, picks, and other small tools to build the canal. | Observation: In the Summer or 1817, when work began on the project, there were no bulldozers or other power tools.
5: Observation: Mules and horses pulled the boats along the Erie Canal. | Inference: Mules, horses, and their teams often got tired and occasionally died from being over-worked.
6: Observation: Fire spitters, sparklers, and fireworks are going off continuously. | Inference: There was a celebration for an extravagant event because many people have fireworks, sparklers, and fire spitters at big parties.
7: Observation: Coming up with the plan for the Erie Canal proved easier than getting money to build it. | Inference: Most people thought the canal would be a great invention, but no one wanted to pay for it.
8: Observations:: A man is working the lock system. | Inferences:: This man has an interest in canals and the lock system so he got a job to do what he enjoys.
9: Observation: In 1826,there were 165 freight boats using the Erie Canal. | Inference: Boats traveled on the canal for many reasons like imports, exports, travel, etc.
10: Observation: Experts in Europe, where many canals had already been built, were doubtful of the Erie Canal's success.
11: Inference: Many people did not want to put money into the Erie Canal or even work on building it.
12: Observation: There are many people on a boat going down the Erie Canal. | Inference: A family is having a reunion on the boat that they all share.
13: Observation: Gunpowder was not that affective at blasting apart solid stone. | Inference: It took longer to build the canals because men now had to use shovels and picks instead of using gunpowder to do it quicker and easier.