S: Pinta & Nina in Memphis - 2011
BC: The End
FC: Pinta & Nina in Memphis
1: In honor of Columbus Day, exact replicas of the Pinta and the Nina were docked along the Memphis riverfront. These replicas were handcrafted by Portuguese shipbuilders in Brazil using the same tools and methods as the shipbuilders of the 1400's. | Only one thing was done differently on the replicas as compared to the originals; NO PINE TAR!! Every part of the ship that you will see stained black would have originally been coded in a watertight, extremely sticky pine tar. According to the crew-members/guides the use of pine tar as a sealant for the ships resulted in the crew members being covered in the black sticky mess. | Having pine tar stuck to you is even worse than having large blobs of bubblegum stuck in your hair and shoes without any way of getting it off. Not even Columbus, the ship's captain, would have been immune to this plight. Although he would not of been covered in it as bad as the crewmen, he definitely would have gotten pine tar all over his shoes. As a result everyone aboard the ship would have tracked this black sticky mess everywhere they went whenever they came to shore in a port city. The people who lived in these port cities started calling them "tar heels".
2: The Pinta
3: The Pinta was larger than the Nina, but smaller than the Santa Maria,Columbus's flagship. Unfortunately, the Santa Maria sank during a storm and did not complete the voyage.
6: The Nina
8: This is a model of the
9: ship's framework skeleton.
10: This completed model of the ship has the windlass mounted on its deck. It was used to raise and lower heavy objects onto the ship such as the ship's boat and the anchors.
15: The ships coffin, a massive, watertight, wooden storage box located on the upper deck of the ship, held all of the ship's most valuable items.
20: Remember that everything on the ship that is black would have originally been coated in sticky pine tar!
22: Sailors were given wine rations rather than water because over time freshwater stored in barrels grows bacteria. Consuming bacteria infested water causes dysentery which in the 1400's lead to dehydration and slow painful death! not only did the alcohol in wine prevent the growth of bacteria, but also the vitamin C in wine prevented scurvy.
23: Each of the ships would have originally set sail equipped with 20 anchors. The reason ships had so many anchors was that they had to be raised using the windlass. This process took three strong crewmen 30 to 45 min. to accomplish. Consequently, when a storm was brewing at sea, the ship's captain would give the order to cut and run rather than raise the anchor.
24: This is the captain's map desk where the maps and charts would be stored.
25: Literally tons of these heavy ballast stones would be loaded into the ship's hull to serve as a counterweight and keep the ship from capsizing.
27: , brass,
28: Unlike the large Galion style ships made famous in pirate movies, Columbus's ships did not have a captain's wheel. Instead the sailors had to steer with only a rudder attached to a massively long wooden pole. | rudder arm
30: Originally the ship's hold would have been the place where all of the supplies and rations were stored.
31: The crew members would have slept on the deck of the ship!