S: Pivotal Points in the History of Schooling
BC: Pivotal Points in United States History of Schooling April 23rd, 2012
FC: Pivotal Points in the History of Schooling | By: Marquita Hockaday
1: Go on a journey through some important changes to American education. We will start in the late 18th century with the founding father of our nation and end with legislation that has changed education in the 21st century. | What This Book Is About:
2: George Washington The Father of the United States! | 1790
3: George Washington calls for a National University. This was a change for Americans. Before this point, universities were something that existed in Europe. Americans were now able to receive an education at home. I think this event has helped to create educators who are experts and can therefore teach the youth of our country.
5: Johann Fitche advocates teaching patriotism to maintain national state. | This new found patriotism will ensure that American citizens are educated for the advancement of their country. I think that this event created a sense of pride among Americans--it has made it so that we are all dedicated to educating our children and getting America to number one in terms of education.
7: First public school Kindergarten created to curb urban poverty | The creation of kindergarten has made it so that children are learning at a more rapid pace, now. I think that without kindergarten, test scores would be even lower, and students' comprehension when it comes to social skills and character building would be lacking.
9: Edward Ross declares public schools a form of social control and a substitute for family, community, and church | Ross says that schools are in place to control students and replace their family, community, and church. This is true. I believe that schools are another medium in which people gain skills to interact with society. Without schools, people would lack social skills and family, community, and church cannot be the only social agents that shape us. WE need to be education
11: Smith-Hughes Act supports vocational and home economics education | This event shaped the programs that are offered in schools today that give students social and living skills. Not everyone is going to be a scholar, some students strive to work with their hands or be homemakers--these courses are offered to those students. I think these classes are crucial. We have diverse students with various learning styles and they need to be allowed opportunities to thrive in the courses that they find interesting, the courses that will give them the skills they need to succeed once they graduate.
13: NEA provides plan for modern high school as central institution for the socialization of youth. Cardinal Principles of Education | This plan from the NEA stressed that high schools are to give students the social skills that they need to be productive members of society. I agree with this thought because I think we are responsible for molding these students into citizens who will thrive in the current state of society. We need to offer courses like Sociology and Leadership Seminars to give our students proper social skills. They spend the majority of their time in our building and we need to take advantage of that.
15: NEA recommends teaching sex education in schools to protect family and marriage | I currently teach at a high school where at least five girls are out due to pregnancy right now. I think this recommendation implemented by the NEA is brilliant and we need to put more emphasis on this in today's society. When this was introduced, it was to protect the family and marriage--now we need it more than ever! It's almost like a right of passage these days for girls to have a child in high school and we need to educate these children so that they are not having babies while they are still babies. Sex education needs to be implemented in every course and all students need to adhere to the content.
17: National Defense Education act –federal government enlists schools in Cold War against the Soviet Union | This was created during a time of extreme isolationism and fear among Americans. However, it brought about some good ideas of teaching democracy and American ideals in our schools. I personally feel like our schools would not teach certain content if we did not have this act put into place in the mid 20th century. Subjects that focus on democracy and individual freedoms are important for our students to learn. They have to know their rights.
19: Head Start begins as part of a federal war on poverty. | Head Start was created, like kindergarten before it, to curb poverty in America. I think it is an excellent program that gets students prepared for the subjects they will learn later. The Head Start program is like an entire year of anticipatory sets. Students gain the skills that they will need to succeed throughout their education.
20: Career education- federal effort to make all education relevant in the workplace | 1972 | Career education was created to give students options when they graduate and to show them how school is relevant to the outside world. I preach everyday about showing relevance in my lessons. I think it is important that we remind students why their education is important. That means that we show them how math, English, and Social studies will help them make money in a career in the future!
21: George H. Bush- announces “Goals 2000” designed to link schools to global economy | 1991 | Bush's "Goals 2000" focused on creating goals for schools to achieve by 2000. There were incentives put in place for states to reach these goals. An example of one goal was that by the year 2000, the graduation rate would increase by 90%. I think goals are excellent, especially when incentives are involved. It gives schools something to hold on to and something to work toward. However unrealistic they may seem, it still gives you an end goal!
22: No Child Left Behind federal legislation | 2001 | Legislation that says all students MUST be presented with an opportunity to learn. Learning will be measured by standardized tests. I am not a huge fan of NCLB and I am quick to tell anyone that. I do not like the testing that the students are measured by. We are taught to honor all of our students' learning styles in the classroom and to diversify the assignments because of this, however, the standardized tests are NOT varied! Something needs to change!
23: Conclusion | Several pivotal moments occurred throughout US history in terms of public education. From new programs, to focusing on relevance and careers, to holding everyone accountable through testing. These pivotal moments have made the United States' education what it is today. For better or worse.
24: Sources- Pictures | http://www.ohio.edu/washingtonforum/ http://www.grandview.mccsc.edu/mlk2k3/IB/patrioti.htm http://jerome.northbranfordschools.org/Content/Welcome_to_Kindergarten.asp http://libcom.org/library/assessment-control-teacher%E2%80%99s-experience-pecking-order-schools http://www.marion.k12.fl.us/schools/hcs/vocational.cfm http://www.wausau.k12.wi.us/east/ http://voicesofyouth.wordpress.com/2010/05/12/sex-education-knowledge-is-the-best-ammunition/ http://ronaldwevans.wordpress.com/2012/03/24/the-hope-for-american-school-reform-the-cold-war-pursuit-of-inquiry-learning-in-social-studies-2-2/ http://www.gadhs.org/ http://www.bestfitcareers.com/services/career-education/ http://presidential-project.wikispaces.com/George+Bush+Sr. http://www.texasprojectfirst.org/NCLB.html
25: Sources-Textbook | Spring, J. (2010). American education (14th ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.