S: Ruby Bridges by Alissa Flint
FC: Ruby Bridges by Alissa Flint
1: in.te.grate: combine (one thing) with another so that they become a whole. | "We believe racism is a grown-up disease and we must stop using our children to spread it."- Ruby Bridges Foundation
2: Ruby Bridges was born on September 8,1954. Coincidentally, that was the same year that the Supreme Court's Brown vs. Board of Education decision desegregated schools. She lived on a farm her parents, Lucille and Abon Bridges, and grandparents sharecropped in Tylertown, Mississippi. Ruby also had three brothers and one sister and was the oldest of all of them.
3: At age four, Ruby and her parents moved to New Orleans, Louisiana for a better life. When she was in kindergarten, she was one of many black kids to take a test in order to make it into William Frantz, a white school. The test was said to be made very hard so that no one would pass it and the school would stay segregated a little while longer.
4: Ruby was one of six kids to pass the test. Her father was dubious about her going to a white school, but her mother convinced him to let her attend so that Ruby could get a better education. Also, the school was only five blocks away and much closer than the segregated school she went to her kindergarten year. | William Franz Elementary School
5: November 14, 1960 is the day that Ruby Bridges made history. She was the first African-American kid to go to an all white school. On that first day of her first grade year, Ruby and her mother were escorted by four federal marshals because the local guards weren't willing to protect her. Many parents pulled their white children out of the school when they found out that a black child was attending it.
6: Ruby and her mom spent the whole first day of school in the principals office while protesting people and parents stood outside. The second day of school Ruby and her mom got to spend time in the class room with her teacher by their selves. The rest of the year, though, Ruby went to school by herself. The whole year Ruby's class consisted of her and her teacher, Barbara Henry because all the other kids dropped out of that school. Barbara Henry had a big influence on Ruby.
7: The years after Ruby's 1st grade experience more black kids were inspired to join the school as well. Eventually Ruby graduated from a desegregated high school. Later she went on to study travel and tourism and she became a travel agent. Married, she had four sons and became Ruby Bridges Hall.
8: Later on, Ruby started volunteer work at the William Franz school and created the Ruby Bridges Foundation to help stop racism. Bridges got to appear on the Oprah Winfrey Show and later found out that she was painted in a Norman Rockwell painting. She even had a Disney TV movie based off of her story. All of this happened because she decided to stay courageous no matter what all of those protesting parents said and thought. Ruby gave hope to millions of black kids across the nation and played a huge role in the Civil Rights Movement and is still alive today.
10: Ruby Bridges 1954- She gave hope through her courageous acts
11: Citations | http://library.thinkquest.org/J011239/civil_rights_leaders.htm http://www.nwhm.org/education-resources/biography/biographies/ruby-bridges/ http://www.biography.com/people/ruby-bridges-475426